HMCS Baddeck (K147)

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This article is about the ship. For the village, see Baddeck, Nova Scotia.
HMCS Baddeck 1.jpg
Career (Canada)
Name: Baddeck
Namesake: Baddeck, Nova Scotia
Operator: Royal Canadian Navy
Ordered: 22 January 1940
Builder: Davie Shipbuilding and Repairing Co. Ltd., Lauzon, Quebec
Laid down: 14 August 1940
Launched: 20 November 1940
Commissioned: 18 May 1941
Out of service: 4 July 1945
Renamed: Efthai in 1947
Yusuf Z. Alireza in 1948
Evi in 1955[1]
Identification: Pennant number: K147
Honours and
awards:
Atlantic 1941-45, English Channel 1944-45, Normandy 1944[2]
Fate: Wrecked near Jeddah on 11 March 1966
Badge: Hmcs baddeck crest.jpg
General characteristics
Class & type: Flower-class corvette
Displacement: 925 long tons (940 t; 1,036 short tons)
Length: 205 ft (62.48 m)o/a
Beam: 33 ft (10.06 m)
Draught: 11.5 ft (3.51 m)
Propulsion:

Single shaft
2 × fire tube Scotch boilers
1 × 4-cycle triple-expansion reciprocating steam engine

2,750 ihp (2,050 kW)
Speed: 16 knots (29.6 km/h)
Range: 3,500 nautical miles (6,482 km) at 12 knots (22.2 km/h)
Complement: 85
Sensors and
processing systems:

1 × SW1C or 2C radar

1 × Type 123A or Type 127DV sonar
Armament:

1 × BL 4-inch (101.6 mm) Mk.IX single gun
2 × .50 cal machine gun (twin)
2 × Lewis .303 cal machine gun (twin)
2 × Mk.II depth charge throwers
2 × depth charge rails with 40 depth charges

Originally fitted with minesweeping gear, later removed

HMCS Baddeck was a Flower-class corvette that served with the Royal Canadian Navy during the Second World War. She served in several theatres of operations during the war. After the war the ship was retired but the ship's name, pennant number and badge continue to be used by the K147 Baddeck Royal Canadian Sea Cadets Corps.

Background[edit]

Main article: Flower class corvette

Flower-class corvettes like Baddeck serving with the Royal Canadian Navy during the Second World War were different from earlier and more traditional sail-driven corvettes.[3][4][5] The "corvette" designation was created by the French as a class of small warships; the Royal Navy borrowed the term for a period but discontinued its use in 1877.[6] During the hurried preparations for war in the late 1930s, Winston Churchill reactivated the corvette class, needing a name for smaller ships used in an escort capacity, in this case based on a whaling ship design.[7] The generic name "flower" was used to designate the class of these ships, which – in the Royal Navy – were named after flowering plants.[8]

Corvettes commissioned by the Royal Canadian Navy during the Second World War were named after communities for the most part, to better represent the people who took part in building them. This idea was put forth by Admiral Percy W. Nelles. Sponsors were commonly associated with the community for which the ship was named. Royal Navy corvettes were designed as open sea escorts, while Canadian corvettes were developed for coastal auxiliary roles which was exemplified by their minesweeping gear. Eventually the Canadian corvettes would be modified to allow them to perform better on the open seas.[9]

Construction[edit]

Named for the village of Baddeck, Nova Scotia, Baddeck was ordered on 22 January 1940 as part of the 1939-1940 Flower-class building program. She was laid down on 14 August 1940 by Davie Shipbuilding and Repairing Co. Ltd. in Lauzon, Quebec and launched on 20 November 1940. Baddeck was commissioned at Quebec City on 18 May 1941.[10] She had many issues with her engines, being sent or held in port several times on issues dealing with them. Baddeck had major repairs done over the first half of 1942 to fix her engines, after suffering engine failure for the third time in late 1941.[11]

Wartime career[edit]

HMCS Baddeck in 1944

After commissioning Baddeck' at Halifax on 29 May 1941. In June 1941 the ship attempted to escort the SS Lady Rodney from Quebec City to Halifax, but was forced to return to her builders following an engine breakdown.[12] In September 1941 she escorted the SS Lady Rodney from Halifax to Jamaica despite again experiencing engine failure.[12] After her repairs were completed she joined Newfoundland as an ocean escort.[11] In August 1943 the ship underwent a major retrofit at Liverpool, Nova Scotia where her fo'c'sle was extended.[11][12]

On 5 October 1941 the ship escorted convoy SC 48 from Sydney, Nova Scotia to Iceland. Nine ships were lost to German U-boat attacks near Greenland.[12][13] On 17 October 1941 HMCS Baddeck rescued two survivors of the Norwegian merchant ship Barfonn after she had been sunk by German submarine U-432.[10] Again in late 1941 her engines had issues and she was kept at Hvalfjord, Iceland to repair until mid-December. After her work up in June 1942 she served with the Western Local Escort Force (WLEF) until November. In November 1942 the ship arrived in Londonderry and escorted Mediterranean-bound convoys from the UK for four months.[12] In April 1943 she was assigned to escort group C-4 for two round trips across the Atlantic before transferring back to WLEF in mid-July as part of escort group W-2. She stayed with WLEF until March 1944.[11]

The crew in 1943

In March 1944 Baddeck was part of the Royal Navy escort group EG-9 based out of Londonderry. In April 1944 the ship was based in Portsmouth as part of Western Approaches Command and tasked with invasion escort duties and was involved in the D-Day landings as part of Operation Neptune.[11][14][15] While acting as an invasion escort on 13 June 1944 the ship beat off an attack by motor torpedo boats.[12]

In September 1944 she was assigned to Nore Command based at Sheerness . On 24 May 1945 Baddeck was sent home as her final duty during the war.[11]

The ship's crew

Post-war career[edit]

Paid off 4 July 1945 at Sorel, Quebec, Baddeck was sold into civilian service, becoming the mercantile Efthania in 1947. She was renamed Yusuf Z. Alireza in 1948.[10] In 1955 she was renamed Evi and sailed under the Greek flag.[1] She ran aground and was wrecked near Jeddah in 1966.[12]

SS Efthania circa 1947

The ship's builder's plate is on display at Royal Canadian Legion Branch 53 Nova Scotia/Nunavut Command in Baddeck, Nova Scotia.[16]

Badge[edit]

The ship's badge features five aces, representing a "bad deck" of cards, a play on words representing the ship's namesake village of Baddeck. The badge is used by the K147 Baddeck Royal Canadian Sea Cadets Corps.

The ship's badge featuring a "bad deck" of cards

Commanders[edit]

Commander From To
T/Lt. Alan Herbert Easton, RCNR 10 Apr 1941 5 Apr 1942
T/Lt. William Ernest Nicholson, RCNR 6 Apr 1942 20 Apr 1942
Lt. Lysson Gordon Cumming, RCNVR 21 Apr 1942 5 Oct 1942
T/Lt. John Brock, RCNVR 6 Oct 1942 17 Oct 1943
T/Lt. Grant Cullen Brown, RCNVR 18 Oct 1943 19 Apr 1944
T/A/Lt.Cdr. Frank Goddard Hutchings, RCNR 20 Apr 1944 23 Jul 1944
T/Lt. Claude Lane Campbell, RCNVR 24 Jul 1944 14 Oct 1944
T/Lt. Douglas Horton Tozer, RCNVR 15 Oct 1944 4 Jul 1945

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Davie Shipbuilding". Ship Building History. Retrieved 24 January 2012. 
  2. ^ "Battle Honours". Britain's Navy. Retrieved 5 August 2013. 
  3. ^ Ossian, Robert. "Complete List of Sailing Vessels". The Pirate King. Retrieved 13 April 2011. 
  4. ^ Fitzsimons, Bernard, ed. (1978). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of 20th Century Weapons & Warfare 11. London: Phoebus. pp. 1137–1142. 
  5. ^ Jane's Fighting Ships of World War II. New Jersey: Random House. 1996. p. 68. ISBN 0-517-67963-9. 
  6. ^ Blake, Nicholas; Lawrence, Richard (2005). The Illustrated Companion to Nelson's Navy. Stackpole Books. pp. 39–63. ISBN 0-8117-3275-4. 
  7. ^ Chesneau, Roger; Gardiner, Robert (June 1980). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships (1922-1946). Naval Institute Press. p. 62. ISBN 0-87021-913-8. 
  8. ^ Milner, Marc (1985). North Atlantic Run. Naval Institute Press. pp. 117–119, 142–145, 158, 175–176, 226, 235, 285–291. ISBN 0-87021-450-0. 
  9. ^ Macpherson, Ken; Milner, Marc (1993). Corvettes of the Royal Canadian Navy 1939-1945. St. Catherines: Vanwell Publishing. p. 117. ISBN 1-55125-052-7. 
  10. ^ a b c "HMCS Baddeck (K147)". Uboat.net. Retrieved 4 August 2013. 
  11. ^ a b c d e f Macpherson, Ken; Burgess, John (1981). The ships of Canada's naval forces 1910-1981 : a complete pictorial history of Canadian warships. Toronto: Collins. p. 70. ISBN 0-00216-856-1. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f g "Navy". Canadian Navy Heritage Project. Canadian Navy. Retrieved 20 January 2012. 
  13. ^ "HMCS Baddeck and Convoy SC-48". Juno Beach Centre. Retrieved 20 January 2012. 
  14. ^ "Canadian Participation on D-Day and In The Battle of Normandy". National Defense. Retrieved 23 January 2012. 
  15. ^ "D-Day". Battle of the Atlantic. Retrieved 20 January 2012. 
  16. ^ Morrow, Jim (14 May 2012). "Builder's Plaque for HMCS Baddeck". The Victoria Standard. Retrieved 23 April 2014.