HMCS Dundas (K229)

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HMCS Dundas.jpg
HMCS Dundas
Career (Canada)
Name: Dundas
Namesake: Dundas, Ontario
Operator: Royal Canadian Navy
Builder: Victoria Machinery Depot Co. Ltd. Victoria
Laid down: 19 March 1941
Launched: 25 July 1941
Commissioned: 1 April 1942
Decommissioned: 17 July 1945
Identification: Pennant number: K229
Honours and
awards:
Atlantic 1942–45[1]
Fate: Scrapped 1946
General characteristics
Class & type: Flower-class corvette
Displacement: 950 long tons (970 t; 1,060 short tons)
Length: 203 ft (61.87 m)
Beam: 33 ft (10.06 m)
Draught: 13 ft (3.96 m)
Propulsion:

1940–1941 program

  • single shaft
  • 2 × water tube boilers
  • 1 × double acting triple-expansion reciprocating steam engine
  • 2,750 ihp (2,050 kW)
Speed: 16.5 knots (30.6 km/h)
Range: 3,500 nautical miles (6,482 km) at 12 knots (22.2 km/h)
Endurance: 3,450 miles at 12 knots, 2,629 miles at full speed
Complement: 5 officers, 61 men
Sensors and
processing systems:
  • 1 × SW1C or 2C radar
  • 1 × Type 123A or Type 127DV sonar
Armament:
  • 1 x BL 4-inch (101.6 mm) Mk.IX single gun
  • 1 x 2-pounder Mk.VIII single "pom-pom"
  • 4 x Mk.II depth charge throwers
  • 2 depth charge rails with 60 depth charges

HMCS Dundas was a Flower-class corvette that served with the Royal Canadian Navy during the Second World War. She saw action in both Atlantic and Pacific theatres of the war. She was named for Dundas, Ontario.

Background[edit]

Main article: Flower class corvette

Flower-class corvettes like Dundas serving with the Royal Canadian Navy during the Second World War were different to earlier and more traditional sail-driven corvettes.[2][3][4] The "corvette" designation was created by the French as a class of small warships; the Royal Navy borrowed the term for a period but discontinued its use in 1877.[5] During the hurried preparations for war in the late 1930s, Winston Churchill reactivated the corvette class, needing a name for smaller ships used in an escort capacity, in this case based on a whaling ship design.[6] The generic name "flower" was used to designate the class of these ships, which – in the Royal Navy – were named after flowering plants.[7]

Corvettes commissioned by the Royal Canadian Navy during the Second World War were named after communities for the most part, to better represent the people who took part in building them. This idea was put forth by Admiral Percy W. Nelles. Sponsors were commonly associated with the community for which the ship was named. Royal Navy corvettes were designed as open sea escorts, while Canadian corvettes were developed for coastal auxiliary roles which was exemplified by their minesweeping gear. Eventually the Canadian corvettes would be modified to allow them to perform better on the open seas.[8]

Construction[edit]

Dundas was ordered as part of the 1940–1941 Flower-class building program. She was identical to the 1939–1940 program except for a few changes. The 1940–41 program had water-tube boilers, which were less responsive but had more reliability in providing a consistent supply of steam. The second significant change was that no minesweeping gear was ever installed, as the role of the corvette had changed from coastal auxiliary to convoy escort.[8]

Dundas was laid down 19 March 1941 by Victoria Machinery Depot Co. Ltd. at Victoria, British Columbia and launched 25 July 1941. She was commissioned at Victoria 1 April 1942.[9] During her career, Dundas had two major refits. The first took place at Montreal beginning on 13 June 1943 and finishing 19 November 1943. During this refit, among other changes, she had her fo'c'sle extended. Her second overhaul took place at Liverpool, Nova Scotia beginning in January 1945 and taking two months to complete.[10]

War service[edit]

After workups, Dundas joined Esquimalt Force at Esquimalt, British Columbia. In August 1942 she escorted convoys to Alaska as part of the American-led Aleutian Islands Campaign. After completing those duties, she was reassigned to the east coast in September as a replacement for the corvettes departing for Operation Torch.[10]

Dundas arrived at Halifax 13 October 1942, joining the Western Local Escort Force upon her arrival. When WLEF adopted convoy escort groups in June 1943, Dundas was initially assigned to group W-7. In September 1943 she joined W-5 and in April 1944, W-4. After her final refit at the beginning of 1945 she resumed service with W-4 and remained with them until the end of the war.[10]

Post-war service[edit]

Dundas was paid off 17 July 1945 at Sorel, Quebec and transferred to the War Assets Corporation. She was sold 23 October 1945 for scrapping and broken up in 1946 at Hamilton, Ontario.[10][9]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Battle Honours". Britain's Navy. Retrieved 31 August 2013. 
  2. ^ Ossian, Robert. "Complete List of Sailing Vessels". The Pirate King. Retrieved 13 April 2011. 
  3. ^ Fitzsimons, Bernard, ed. (1978). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of 20th Century Weapons & Warfare 11. London: Phoebus. pp. 1137–1142. 
  4. ^ Jane's Fighting Ships of World War II. New Jersey: Random House. 1996. p. 68. ISBN 0-517-67963-9. 
  5. ^ Blake, Nicholas; Lawrence, Richard (2005). The Illustrated Companion to Nelson's Navy. Stackpole Books. pp. 39–63. ISBN 0-8117-3275-4. 
  6. ^ Chesneau, Roger; Gardiner, Robert (June 1980). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships (1922–1946). Naval Institute Press. p. 62. ISBN 0-87021-913-8. 
  7. ^ Milner, Marc (1985). North Atlantic Run. Naval Institute Press. pp. 117–119, 142–145, 158, 175–176, 226, 235, 285–291. ISBN 0-87021-450-0. 
  8. ^ a b Macpherson, Ken; Milner, Marc (1993). Corvettes of the Royal Canadian Navy 1939–1945. St. Catharines: Vanwell Publishing. ISBN 1-55125-052-7. 
  9. ^ a b "HMCS Dundas (K 229)". Uboat.net. Retrieved 31 August 2013. 
  10. ^ a b c d Macpherson, Ken; Burgess, John (1981). The ships of Canada's naval forces 1910–1981 : a complete pictorial history of Canadian warships. Toronto: Collins. p. 90. ISBN 0-00216-856-1. 

References[edit]

  • Hazegray. "Flower Class". Canadian Navy of Yesterday and Today. Retrieved 31 August 2013. 
  • Ready, Aye, Ready. "HMCS Dundas". Retrieved 31 August 2013.