HMCS Protecteur (AOR 509)
HMCS Protecteur in Pearl Harbor after a port visit in 2009
|Name:||HMCS Protecteur (AOR 509)|
|Ordered:||16 December 1966|
|Builder:||Saint John Shipbuilding|
|Laid down:||17 October 1967|
|Launched:||18 July 1968|
|Commissioned:||30 August 1969|
|Homeport:||CFB Esquimalt, British Columbia|
|Motto:||Soutien avec Courage
"Support with Courage"
|Gulf and Kuwait|
|Status:||in active service, as of 2013[update]|
|Class & type:||Protecteur-class replenishment oiler|
|Displacement:||8,380 t (8,248 long tons) standard
24,700 t (24,310 long tons) full load
|Length:||171.9 m (564 ft 0 in)|
|Beam:||23.2 m (76 ft 1 in)|
|Draught:||10.1 m (33 ft 2 in)|
|Propulsion:||2 × Babcock and Wilcox boilers
1 × General Electric steam turbine engine
|Speed:||20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph)|
|Range:||4,100 nmi (7,600 km; 4,700 mi) at 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph)
7,500 nmi (13,900 km; 8,600 mi) at 11.5 knots (21.3 km/h; 13.2 mph)
|Capacity:||14,590 t (14,360 long tons) fuel
400 t (394 long tons) aviation fuel
1,048 t (1,031 long tons) dry cargo
1,250 t (1,230 long tons) ammunition
|Complement:||365 officers and crew (men and women) including 45 in air detachment|
|4 × BAE Systems Mark 36 SRBOC chaff launchers
AN/SLQ-25 Nixie towed decoy
|Armament:||2 × 20 mm Phalanx CIWS
6 × .50 calibre machine guns
|Aircraft carried:||3 × CH-124 Sea King helicopters|
Her Majesty's Canadian Ship (HMCS) Protecteur (AOR 509) is the lead ship of the Protecteur-class replenishment oilers in service with the Royal Canadian Navy. She is part of the Maritime Forces Pacific (MARPAC), homeported at CFB Esquimalt, British Columbia. Built by Saint John Shipbuilding and Dry Docks in Saint John, New Brunswick, she was commissioned on 30 August 1969. She is the first Canadian naval unit to carry the name Protecteur; however, there have been several units, including a base, named HMCS Protector. Protecteur has served in multiple multi-national exercises, humanitarian relief, Operation Friction, INTERFET, and Operation Apollo.
First authorized in 1959, HMCS Protecteur was constructed by Saint John Shipbuilding and Dry Docks in Saint John, New Brunswick starting on 17 October 1967, was launched on 18 July 1968, and was officially commissioned by the Royal Canadian Navy on 30 August 1969.
Protecteur is the first Canadian naval unit to carry the name Protecteur; however, there have been two Australian and seven British naval units named Protector. The name was also used for a Canadian base, named HMCS Protector.
Protecteur is 171.9 m (564 ft) long, 23.2 m (76 ft 1 in) wide, and displaces up to a maximum of 24,700 tonnes (24,310 long tons) when fully loaded. Powered by two Babcock and Wilcox boilers, feeding a single General Electric steam turbine engine, the ship can reach a maximum speed of 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph). At 20 knots, the range of the Protectuer is limited to 4,100 nautical miles (7,600 kilometres; 4,700 miles), but can be extended to 7,500 nmi (13,900 km; 8,600 mi) when only traveling at 11.5 knots (21.3 km/h; 13.2 mph). Protecteur can safely navigate in as little as 10.1 m (33 ft 2 in) of water.
Protecteur is equipped with a small dental clinic, and her crew is responsible for dental care for the Royal Canadian Navy when she is deployed.
Four BAE Systems Mark 36 SRBOC chaff launchers and an AN/SLQ-25 Nixie towed decoy are the ship's primary defenses. When Protecteur was originally launched, she was fitted with 3"/50 caliber guns, however they were replaced with a more modern 20 mm Phalanx CIWS system before deploying to the Persian Gulf. Originally Protecteur was to be fitted with Mark 29 NATO Sea Sparrow, however due to delays in procurement, the Sea Sparrow system was never installed. She was also temporary fitted with a 76 mm machine gun mount for additional surface-to-surface and surface-to-air firepower during the Gulf War. The CH-124 helicopters on board Protecteur also provide weapons support, carrying Mark 46 torpedos and a 7.62 mm machine gun.
Three hundred sixty five men and women serve on Protecteur, with 27 officers, and 45 dedicated to the aircrew who fly three CH-124 Sea King helicopters off the back of the ship. The crew is also responsible for loading and unloading the cargo of the Protecteur, which includes up to 14,590 t (14,360 long tons) of fuel, 400 t (394 long tons) of aviation fuel, 1,048 t (1,031 long tons) of dry cargo, and 1,250 t (1,230 long tons) of ammunition. Fuel can be transferred at a rate of 1,500 t (1,476 long tons) per hour and 2,500 lb (1,100 kg) of dry cargo per hour, while traveling at her top speed.
Protecteur was fitted with a pre-commercial model of a new waste disposal unit, converting solid waste and oily sludge that would normally be incinerated or discharged to be turned into fuel to continue to operate the disposal unit.
Then Captain of the Protecteur, Cpt. Larry Dzioba, while operating in the Arabian Sea had hoisted an Esso flag on the ship's mast, joking that they were the "biggest floating gas station in the neighborhood". In 1981, Protecteur served in CARIBOPS 81 off the coast of Puerto Rico, along with at least two unidentified destroyers. Protecteur and her CH-124 helicopters performed a nighttime rescue of a Norwegian chemical tanker in June 1982. For the 75th anniversary of the Royal Canadian Navy, the Protecteur hosted a dinner with the captain's of 35 ships, including ships from Belgium, France, Denmark, Norway, the Netherlands, Italy, Portugal, Great Britain, the United States, and Brazil, as well as then Governor General Jeanne Sauvé and Prince Andrew. Beginning in 1988, the crew of the Protecteur was desegregated, allowing both men and women to serve on board her.
In 1991, Protecteur was part of the Canadian contingent sent to the Persian Gulf as part of Operation Desert Shield and later Operation Friction (the Canadian name for its operations during the Persian Gulf War). The ship, part of a three-vessel force, the other two being the Iroquois-class destroyers Athabaskan and Terra Nova, saw extensive service in the Central Gulf. The ship was honoured with the Gulf and Kuwait Medal for her service in the war. In 1992, the Protecteur was sent to help after Hurricane Andrew in Florida, with tasks including repairing schools, community centres, and hospitals in the region. A small pool was built on the helipad of the Protecteur providing some relief to hurricane ravaged Floridians. Homes, churches, and a senior centre were also repaired in the Bahamas. The homeport of the Protecteur was changed from CFB Halifax to CFB Esquimalt after the hurricane relief efforts. The frigate Vancouver and Protecteur participated in the multi-national RIMPAC 98 off the coast of Hawaii in June 1998.
Protecteur was deployed to East Timor as part of the Australian-led INTERFET peacekeeping taskforce from 23 October 1999 to 23 January 2000. She was preceded in theatre by replenishment oilers HMAS Success, USNS Tippecanoe, and HMNZS Endeavour (who also served after Protecteur departed). Protecteur participated in Operation Apollo for six months, logging over 50,000 nautical miles (93,000 km; 58,000 mi) and delivering over 150,000 barrels (~20,000 t) of fuel and 390 pallets of dry-goods, returning to CFB Esquimalt in November 2002. Operation Apollo was the largest Canadian deployment since the Korean War. Protecteur participated in RIMPAC again in 2004, along with the Algonquin and Regina.
On 19 September 2011, Protecteur departed from CFB Esquimalt for a two-month deployment off southern California as part of the USS Abraham Lincoln carrier strike group. Protecteur joined the destroyer Algonquin and the frigate Ottawa in Fleet Week activities in San Diego, California, between 26 and 30 September 2011. On 30 August 2013, the ship was involved in a collision with the Algonquin during towing exercises. There were no injuries to personnel, although Protecteur sustained damage to her bow. The damage was repaired in time for Protecteur to participate in a Task Group Exercise with the United States Navy in mid-October 2013.
Plans for replacing the Protecteur and her sister ships were first brought up in 2004. Lack of spare parts for the ship's boiler and the fact that she is a monohull tanker have been the main driving points to replacing Protecteur and her sister ship. The ship will continue to operate until 2017, however the Joint Support Ship Project will not be completed until two years later, leaving a gap in the ability for the RCN to refuel and resupply her own ships while deployed.
Media related to HMCS Protecteur (AOR 509) at Wikimedia Commons
- HMCS Provider (AOR 508) the predecessor to the Protecteur
- HMCS Preserver (AOR 510) Protecteur's sister ship
- Canadian Naval Review. Vol. 6, Num. 1. 2010. p. 31.
- Wertheim, Eric (2007). The Naval Institute Guide to Combat Fleets of the World: Their Ships, Aircraft, and Systems (1st ed.). Naval Institute Press. p. 82. ISBN 978-1-59114-955-2.
- Tracy, Nicholas (2 October 2012). Two-Edged Sword: The Navy as an Instrument of Canadian Foreign Policy. McGill-Queen's University Press. p. 149. ISBN 978-0-7735-8781-6. Retrieved 2 December 2013.
- The Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 2 , Part 1. Canadian Forces Heritage Publication. 8 January 2001. pp. 2–81–2–82. Retrieved 29 November 2013.
- The Commissioning of HMCS Protecteur. Saint John, NB: Saint John Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company. 30 August 1969. Retrieved 9 December 2013.
- "Ship's Characteristics". 2 June 2013. Archived from the original on 7 June 2013. Retrieved 29 November 2013.
- Singh, Paramjit; Arora, Vimal (30 December 2005). Military Dentistary: Terrain, Trends and Training (1st ed.). Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers. p. 34. ISBN 978-81-8061-418-7. Retrieved 1 December 2013.
- Canadian Shipping and Marine Engineering. Vol. 43. Maclean-Hunter. 1971. p. 223.
- Jane's Defence Weekly. vol. 17. IHS Inc. 1992.
- Spears, John (18 August 1990). "Canadian vessels bulk up for gulf". Toronto Star (Star Media Group). p. A12. Retrieved 30 November 2013 – via ProQuest. (subscription required (. ))
- SeaWaves Today in History. Shirlaw News Group. 17 October 2009. ISSN 1710-6966. OCLC 77076813. Retrieved 8 December 2013.
- "Canadians 'chugging along,' navy says". The Vancouver Sun (Postmedia Network). Canadian Press. 25 August 1990. p. B8. Retrieved 30 November 2013 – via ProQuest. (subscription required (. ))
- Crawford, Steve (2003). Twenty-first Century Military Helicopters: Today's Fighting Gunships. Zenith Imprint. p. 9. ISBN 978-0-7603-1504-0. Retrieved 9 December 2013.
- Taylor-Vaisey, Nick (3 September 2013). "Canada's Pacific fleet can't catch a break\". Maclean's. Retrieved 9 December 2013.
- "System for solid and liquid waste put to the test". The Motorship (Mercator Media). 30 November 2013. Retrieved 12 December 2013.
- Canadian inflation numbers based on Statistics Canada. "Consumer Price Index, historical summary". CANSIM, table (for fee) 326-0021 and Catalogue nos. 62-001-X, 62-010-X and 62-557-X. Last modified 2011-01-25. Retrieved January 16, 2012
- Staff (September 12, 1975). "Persuit of Polish Yacht may cost $400,000". The Globe and Mail. p. 8.
- Ward, Peter (June 8, 1980). "Canada's Proud Navy Papers Over its Cracks". Toronto Star. p. C19.
- "Fill'er up". The Leamington Post (Canadian Newspapers Company). 27 January 1982. Retrieved 29 November 2013.
- "Bittersweet 50th anniversary for Canada's Sea King helicopters". CBC.ca. 31 July 2013. Retrieved 12 December 2013.
- Fulton, J.A. (August 8, 1985). "Selective coverage". The Globe and Mail. p. 7.
- Morin, Maj. Jean H.; Gimblett, LCdr. Richard H. (7 April 1997). Operation Friction 1990–1991: The Canadian Forces in the Persian Gulf. Dundurn Press. pp. 44–47. ISBN 978-1-55488-256-4. Retrieved 1 December 2013.
- Toth, Derrick (10 January 1991). "Protecteur crew returns from Gulf". Kitchener - Waterloo Record (Metroland Media Group). p. A1. Retrieved 29 November 2013.
- Spears, John (23 August 1990). "Canadian warships set to sail for gulf". Toronto Star (Star Media Group). Retrieved 29 November 2013.
- McCreery, Christopher (30 April 2005). The Canadian Honours System. Dundurn Press. pp. 551–553. ISBN 978-1-55488-017-1. Retrieved 1 December 2013.
- "Canadians Help Rebuild 2 Schools in S. Florida". Deseret News (Deseret News Publishing Company). Associated Press. 15 September 1992. Retrieved 29 November 2013.
- "Canada sending hurricane relief crews to Florida". Toronto Star (Star Media Group). The Canadian Press. 8 September 1992. Retrieved 29 November 2013..
- "Sailors built pool on ship during mission to aid hurricane victims". The Ottawa Citizen (Postmedia Network). Canadian Press. 4 October 1992. p. A6. Retrieved 30 November 2013 – via ProQuest. (subscription required (. ))
- "Canadian sailors keeping busy rebuilding storm-struck Bahamas". Kitchener - Waterloo Record (Metroland Media Group). 26 October 1992. p. A7. Retrieved 29 November 2013.
- "Navy ships ready for Asian tour". The Record (Metroland Media Group). 6 May 1998. p. A3. Retrieved 29 November 2013.
- Stevens, David (2007). Strength Through Diversity: The combined naval role in Operation Stabilise. Working Papers 20. Canberra: Sea Power Centre - Australia. pp. 14–15. ISBN 978-0-642-29676-4. ISSN 1834-7231. Archived from the original on 13 March 2011. Retrieved 6 September 2010.
- SeaWaves Today in History. Shirlaw News Group. 24 November 2010. ISSN 1710-6966. OCLC 77076813. Retrieved 8 December 2013.
- "HMCS Protecteur arrives home". The Guelph Mercury (Metroland Media Group). 25 November 2002. p. B12. Retrieved 29 November 2013.
- Conrad, LCol. John (15 September 2011). Scarce Heard Amid the Guns: An Inside Look at Canadian Peacekeeping. Dundurn Press. p. 215. ISBN 978-1-4597-0096-3. Retrieved 1 December 2013.
- Rozenberg, SLt. Kelly. "Algonquin Embarks Upon RIMPAC". United States Navy. Archived from the original on 10 March 2005. Retrieved 8 December 2013.
- McCracken, E (16 September 2011). "CFB Esquimalt supply ship heading south for warfare training". Victoria News (Black Press). Retrieved 29 November 2013.
- "2 Canadian warships collide en route to Hawaii". CBC.ca. The Canadian Press. 31 August 2013. Retrieved 31 August 2013.
- "U.S. and Canadian Navies Complete Task Group Exercise" (Press release). United States Navy. 15 October 2013. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
- SeaWaves Today in History. Shirlaw News Group. 23 March 2009. ISSN 1710-6966. OCLC 77076813. Retrieved 8 December 2013.
- Brewster, Murray (25 August 2008). "Tories scuttle replacement plan for obsolete navy supply ships". The Guelph Mercury (Metroland Media Group). p. A6. Retrieved 29 November 2013.
- Curry, Bill; Clark, Campbell (6 August 2010). "Navy ships risk being banned from ports". The Globe and Mail. p. A7. Retrieved 30 November 2013 – via ProQuest. (subscription required (. ))
- Berthiaume, Lee (12 October 2013). "Schedule conflict to cost taxpayers $55 million". The Vancouver Sun (Postmedia Network). Retrieved 29 November 2013.
- "Arctic icebreaker delayed as Tories prioritize supply ships - Politics - CBC News". CBC.ca. The Canadian Press. 11 October 2013. Retrieved 29 November 2013.