HMHS Dover Castle

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Dover Castle
The Dover Castle before her wartime service
Career
Name: Dover Castle
Owner: Union-Castle Mail Steamship Company
Builder: Barclay Curle & Company, Glasgow
Yard number: 443
Launched: 4 February 1904
Fate: Torpedoed by German U-boat UC-67 [1]
General characteristics
Tonnage: 8,271 tonnes[2]
Length: 476.4 ft (145.2 m)
Beam: 56.7 ft (17.3 m)
Draught: 31.9 ft (9.7 m)
Propulsion: Steam, quadruple expansion engines, 969 nhp
Speed: 14.5 knots (26.9 km/h)

HMHS Dover Castle (His Majesty's Hospital Ship) was a steam ship originally built for the Union-Castle Line, but requisitioned for use as a British hospital ship during the First World War. On 26 May 1917 she was torpedoed by German U-boat UC-67

History[edit]

SS Dover Castle was built by Barclay Curle & Company, Glasgow as yard number 443, in 1904 and launched on 4 February 1904. She was powered by quadruple expansion stream engines. She was built as a combined passenger and cargo vessel for the Union-Castle Mail Steamship Company, of London.

On 4 October 1916, Franconia, while heading for Salonika, was torpedoed and sunk by the German U-boat UB-47 195 nautical miles (361 km) east of Malta. She was not carrying any troops but out of her 314 crew members, 12 died. The others (302) were saved by the Dover Castle.[3]

Sinking[edit]

HMHS Dover Castle is located in Italy
HMHS Dover Castle
Wreck location

Dover Castle was torpedoed by the German U-boat UC-67 on 26 May 1917, while 50 miles (80 km) north of Bône on passage from Malta to Gibraltar. The initial explosion killed seven boiler stokers, but the crew was able to evacuate the wounded onto HMS Cameleon. The captain and a small crew tried to save the ship, but she was hit by a second torpedo an hour later and sank in three minutes at 37°45′N 7°45′E / 37.750°N 7.750°E / 37.750; 7.750Coordinates: 37°45′N 7°45′E / 37.750°N 7.750°E / 37.750; 7.750.

The commander of UC-67 Karl Neumann was tried for the sinking of the hospital ship at Leipzig War Crimes Trials. However, he was found not guilty; Neumann admitted torpedoing the ship but pleaded that he was obeying orders issued by the German Admiralty. The German government had asserted that the enemy was using hospital ships for military purposes and declared on March 19, 1917 that German submarines would attack hospital ships not complying with several German conditions. The court held that Neumann believed the order to be a lawful reprisal and therefore was not personally responsible for the sinking.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "HMHS Dover Castle (+1917)". wrecksite. 2009. Retrieved August 21, 2009. 
  2. ^ "HMHS DOVER CASTLE". Roll-of-Honour.com. 2009. Retrieved August 22, 2009. 
  3. ^ Hocking, C. (1969). Dictionary of Disasters at Sea during the Age of Steam 1824-1962. London: London Stamp Exchange. 
  4. ^ GARY D. SOLIS. OBEDIENCE OF ORDERS AND THE LAW OF WAR: JUDICIAL APPLICATION IN AMERICAN FORUMS

External links[edit]