HMNZS Monowai (F59)

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For other ships of the same name, see HMNZS Monowai.
Monowai In Milford Sound Feb 1933.jpg
The Monowai in Milford Sound in 1933.
Career (New Zealand)
Name: SS Razmak
Namesake: Razmak in the Northwest Frontier
Builder: Harland and Wolff
Laid down: 1923
Launched: 1924
In service: 1925
Out of service: 1930
Career (New Zealand)
Name: SS Monowai
Namesake: Lake Monowai.[Note 1]
In service: 1930
Out of service: 1939
Career (New Zealand)
Name: HMNZS Monowai (F59)
Acquired: 21 October 1939
Commissioned: 30 August 1940
Decommissioned: 18 June 1943
Career (United Kingdom)
Name: HMS Monowai
Acquired: 1943
Commissioned: 18 June 1943
Decommissioned: August 1946
Fate: scrapped 1960
Career (New Zealand)
Name: SS Monowai
Acquired: Returned to owners 1946
Fate: Sold for breaking up 1960
General characteristics
Class & type: armed merchant cruiser
from 1944: landing ship/troopship
Displacement: 10,852 tons gross, 4,925 tons net
Length: 158.2/152.5 m (519/500 ft)
Beam: 19.3 m (63 ft)
Propulsion:

two-shaft reciprocal 4-cylinder QE plus low reduction twin exhaust turbines

14,740 bhp
Speed: 18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph) max
Complement: 366 as AMC
Sensors and
processing systems:
SS1 Type Radar[1]
Armament:

As AMC

8 × 6-inch guns (4 each side)
2 × 3 in AA. 6×20 mm (6×1)
Twin 20 mm with radar added June 1942
Some machine guns, 8 depth charges

As LSI(L)

1 × 4-inch gun
2 × QF 12-pounder (2×1), 2× QF 2-pounder AA (2×1), 2×40 mm (2×1) 8×RPs (2×4), 8×20 mm AA (8×1)
Notes: Davits fitted for 20 LCAs (Landing Craft Assault) for 800 plus troops. Capacity of each 35 troops or 365 kg cargo.

HMNZS[2] Monowai (F59) was a former Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company (P&O) merchant vessel. At the outbreak of World War II she became an armed merchant cruiser of the Royal New Zealand Navy (RNZN). She subsequently became HMS Monowai, a Landing Ship, Infantry and mostly operated as a troopship. In 1946 she returned to her old trade as a passenger ship.

Civilian career[edit]

SS Razmak was built at Greenock yard for P&O. She was designed for service between Bombay and Aden and spent several years in the Mediterranean. When demand on her original route dried up, she was offered for sale and transferred to the antipodes. The Union Steam Ship Company, part of the P & O group, took her on in 1930 as their second SS Monowai and she ran a subsidized service from Wellington to Vancouver via several Pacific stops. From 24 November 1932 she ran mostly from Wellington to Sydney.

Conversion to armed merchant cruiser[edit]

Guns suitable for the Monowai had been ordered and stored at the Devonport Naval Base in Auckland. Monowai was requisitioned by the Royal New Zealand Navy on 21 October 1939 and was prepared for mounting the guns. Then followed a period of indecision, and in February 1940 work on her was suspended for over four months. She completed in August 1940 when she was commissioned.

The 2,554 ton Japanese submarine I-20 conducted an unsuccessful attack on her on 16 January 1942.[3]

Monowai was the first of two ships with this name to serve in the Royal New Zealand Navy. She was named after the New Zealand glacial lake Monowai. Monowai is a Māori word meaning "channel full of water".

Conversion to LSI[edit]

As surplus, in 1943 she was transferred to Liverpool in the UK and handed over to the British Ministry of War Transport. Monowai went to Glasgow for conversion to an "Landing Ship, Infantry (Large)" or LSI(L). From June 1943 to February 1944 she was refitted with completely different armament, capacity for up to 1,800 fully equipped troops, and 20 Assault Landing Craft. She was used during the Normandy landings.

In the later period of the war she was used as a troopship transporting soldiers and after the end of the war in repatriation.

Post war[edit]

On 31 August 1946 she was returned to her owner. She resumed merchant service in January 1949 after extensive repair. In 1960 she was sold for breaking up in Hong Kong.

Notes, citations, and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Monowai is a glacial lake in New Zealand. Monowai is a Māori word meaning "channel full of water".
Citations
  1. ^ Mason, Geoffrey B (2007) New Zealand radar development in World War 2
  2. ^ His Majesty's New Zealand Ship
  3. ^ Hackett, Bob and Sander Kingsepp (2001) Tabular Record of Movement: HIJMS Submarine I-20
Refences
  • McDougall, R.J (1989). New Zealand Naval Vessels. Government Printing Office. pp. 34–35. ISBN 978-0-477-01399-4. 

External links[edit]