HMS Albion (1763)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
HMS Albion in a Gale.jpg
Career (Great Britain) British-White-Ensign-1707.svg
Name: HMS Albion
Ordered: 1 December 1759
Builder: Deptford Dockyard
Launched: 16 May 1763
Honours and
awards:

Participated in:

Fate: Wrecked, April 1797
Notes: Floating battery from 1794
General characteristics [1]
Class & type: Albion-class ship of the line
Tons burthen: 1662 tons (1688.7 tonnes)
Length: 168 ft (51 m) (gundeck)
Depth of hold: 18 ft 10 in (5.74 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Full rigged ship
Armament: 74 guns:
  • Gundeck: 28 × 32-pounders
  • Upper gundeck: 28 × 18-pounders
  • Quarterdeck: 14 × 9-pounders
  • Forecastle: 4 × 9-pounders
For other ships of the same name, see HMS Albion.

HMS Albion was a 74-gun third-rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy. She was launched on 16 May 1763 at Deptford, being adapted from a design of the old 90-gun ship Neptune which had been built in 1730, and was the first ship to bear the name. She was the first of a series of ships built to the same lines, which became known as the Albion-class ship of the line.[1]

She saw her first action in the American War of Independence in July 1779 at the indecisive Battle of Grenada, when the British Fleet under the command of Vice Admiral Byron managed to avoid defeat from superior French forces.[citation needed]

Albion's next action was a year later on 17 April 1780, when British and French fleets met in the Battle of Martinique. A month later, on 15 May, the fleets met again and after a few days of manoeuvring the head of the British line confronted the rear-most French warships. Albion, leading the vanguard of the British fleet suffered heavy casualties, but with little to show for it. Just four days later the two fleets clashed for the third time but again it was indecisive with Albion heavily engaged as before, suffering numerous casualties in the process.[citation needed]

In 1794 Albion was consigned to the role of a 60-gun floating battery[1] armed with heavy carronades and moored on the Thames Estuary.[citation needed]

In April 1797, while heading to a new position in the Swin Channel, she ran aground. Two days later, during salvage efforts, her back broke, and she was completely wrecked.[citation needed]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Lavery, Ships of the Line vol.1, p177.

References[edit]

  • Lavery, Brian (2003) The Ship of the Line - Volume 1: The development of the battlefleet 1650-1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8.