HMS Albion (1763)
|Career (Great Britain)|
|Ordered:||1 December 1759|
|Launched:||16 May 1763|
|Fate:||Wrecked, April 1797|
|Notes:||Floating battery from 1794|
|General characteristics |
|Class & type:||Albion-class ship of the line|
|Tons burthen:||1662 tons (1688.7 tonnes)|
|Length:||168 ft (51 m) (gundeck)|
|Depth of hold:||18 ft 10 in (5.74 m)|
|Sail plan:||Full rigged ship|
HMS Albion was a 74-gun third-rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy. She was launched on 16 May 1763 at Deptford, being adapted from a design of the old 90-gun ship Neptune which had been built in 1730, and was the first ship to bear the name. She was the first of a series of ships built to the same lines, which became known as the Albion-class ship of the line.
She saw her first action in the American War of Independence in July 1779 at the indecisive Battle of Grenada, when the British Fleet under the command of Vice Admiral Byron managed to avoid defeat from superior French forces.
Albion's next action was a year later on 17 April 1780, when British and French fleets met in the Battle of Martinique. A month later, on 15 May, the fleets met again and after a few days of manoeuvring the head of the British line confronted the rear-most French warships. Albion, leading the vanguard of the British fleet suffered heavy casualties, but with little to show for it. Just four days later the two fleets clashed for the third time but again it was indecisive with Albion heavily engaged as before, suffering numerous casualties in the process.
In April 1797, while heading to a new position in the Swin Channel, she ran aground. Two days later, during salvage efforts, her back broke, and she was completely wrecked.
- Lavery, Ships of the Line vol.1, p177.
- Lavery, Brian (2003) The Ship of the Line - Volume 1: The development of the battlefleet 1650-1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8.