HMS Andrew (P423)

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For other ships of the same name, see HMS Andrew.
Career Royal Navy Ensign
Ordered: Very late in World War II
Builder: Vickers Armstrong, Barrow-in-Furness
Laid down: 13 August 1945
Launched: 6 April 1946
Commissioned: 16 March 1948
Fate: Sold to be broken up for scrap on 5 May 1977. Scrapped at Plymouth later in 1977.
General characteristics
Displacement: 1,360/1,590 tons (surface/submerged)
Length: 293 ft 6 in (89.46 m)
Beam: 22 ft 4 in (6.81 m)
Draught: 18 ft 1 in (5.51 m)
Propulsion: 2 × 2,150 hp Admiralty ML 8-cylinder diesel engine, 2 × 625 hp electric motors for submergence driving two shafts
Speed: 18.5/8 knots (surface/submerged)
Range: 10,500 nautical miles (19,400 km) at 11 knots (20 km/h) surfaced
16 nautical miles (30 km) at 8 knots (15 km/h) or 90 nautical miles (170 km) at 3 knots (6 km/h) submerged
Test depth: 350 ft (110 m)
Complement: 5 officers 55 enlisted
Armament: 6 × 21" (2 external)bow torpedo tube, 4 × 21" (2 external) stern torpedo tube, containing a total of 20 torpedoes
Mines: 26
1 × 4" main deck gun, 3 × 0.303 machine gun, 1 × 20 mm Oerlikon AA gun

HMS Andrew (P423), was an Amphion-class submarine of the Royal Navy, built by Vickers Armstrong and launched on 6 April 1946.

The submarine was fitted with a 4 inch deck gun in 1964 for service during the Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation to counter blockade running junks.[1] The gun was fired for the last time in December 1974.[2] She was sold off in 1977 and was broken up.

HMS Andrew made several claims to submarine history:

  • she was the oldest submarine of the Amphion class in service
  • she was the last UK submarine to carry a deck gun
  • she was the last submarine designed during the Second World War remaining in service
  • she was the first submarine to cross the Atlantic submerged using the "snort", in May 1953.[3] The 2,500-nautical-mile (4,600 km), 15 day trip from Bermuda to England set a new world record for continuous underwater operation.[3]
The deck gun from HMS Andrew

Film career[edit]

HMS Andrew was used in the 1959 film On the Beach to depict the fictional United States Navy nuclear submarine USS Sawfish because the U.S. Navy did not cooperate in the production of the film.

Commanding officers[edit]

From To Captain
1965 1966 Lieutenant-Commander H N M Thompson RN
1967 1968 Lieutenant Toby Frere RN
1970 1970 Lieutenant-Commander M J R Tuohy RN

References[edit]

  1. ^ Preston, Antony (2001). The Royal Navy Submarine Service A Centennial History. Conway Maritime Press. p. 129. ISBN 0-85177-891-7. 
  2. ^ Tall, J.J; Paul Kemp (1996). HM Submarines in Camera An Illustrated History of British Submarines. Sutton Publishing. p. 160. ISBN 0-7509-0875-0. 
  3. ^ a b John Lambert and David Hill (1986). The submarine Alliance (Anatomy of the ship series). Conway Maritime Press. p. 19. ISBN 0-85177-380-X. 

Publications[edit]