HMS Andrew (P423)
|Ordered:||Very late in World War II|
|Builder:||Vickers Armstrong, Barrow-in-Furness|
|Laid down:||13 August 1945|
|Launched:||6 April 1946|
|Commissioned:||16 March 1948|
|Fate:||Sold to be broken up for scrap on 5 May 1977. Scrapped at Plymouth later in 1977.|
|Displacement:||1,360/1,590 tons (surface/submerged)|
|Length:||293 ft 6 in (89.46 m)|
|Beam:||22 ft 4 in (6.81 m)|
|Draught:||18 ft 1 in (5.51 m)|
|Propulsion:||2 × 2,150 hp Admiralty ML 8-cylinder diesel engine, 2 × 625 hp electric motors for submergence driving two shafts|
|Speed:||18.5/8 knots (surface/submerged)|
|Range:||10,500 nautical miles (19,400 km) at 11 knots (20 km/h) surfaced
16 nautical miles (30 km) at 8 knots (15 km/h) or 90 nautical miles (170 km) at 3 knots (6 km/h) submerged
|Test depth:||350 ft (110 m)|
|Complement:||5 officers 55 enlisted|
|Armament:||6 × 21" (2 external)bow torpedo tube, 4 × 21" (2 external) stern torpedo tube, containing a total of 20 torpedoes
1 × 4" main deck gun, 3 × 0.303 machine gun, 1 × 20 mm Oerlikon AA gun
The submarine was fitted with a 4 inch deck gun in 1964 for service during the Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation to counter blockade running junks. The gun was fired for the last time in December 1974. She was sold off in 1977 and was broken up.
HMS Andrew made several claims to submarine history:
- she was the oldest submarine of the Amphion class in service
- she was the last UK submarine to carry a deck gun
- she was the last submarine designed during the Second World War remaining in service
- she was the first submarine to cross the Atlantic submerged using the "snort", in May 1953. The 2,500-nautical-mile (4,600 km), 15 day trip from Bermuda to England set a new world record for continuous underwater operation.
|1965||1966||Lieutenant-Commander H N M Thompson RN|
|1967||1968||Lieutenant Toby Frere RN|
|1970||1970||Lieutenant-Commander M J R Tuohy RN|
- Preston, Antony (2001). The Royal Navy Submarine Service A Centennial History. Conway Maritime Press. p. 129. ISBN 0-85177-891-7.
- Tall, J.J; Paul Kemp (1996). HM Submarines in Camera An Illustrated History of British Submarines. Sutton Publishing. p. 160. ISBN 0-7509-0875-0.
- John Lambert and David Hill (1986). The submarine Alliance (Anatomy of the ship series). Conway Maritime Press. p. 19. ISBN 0-85177-380-X.
- Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2006) . Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8. OCLC 67375475.
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