HMS Andromeda (F57)

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For other ships of the same name, see HMS Andromeda.
HMS Andromeda DN-SC-90-11423.jpg
HMS Andromeda off the coast of Liberia in June 1990.
Career (UK) RN Ensign
Name: HMS Andromeda
Operator: Royal Navy
Builder: HMNB Portsmouth
Laid down: 25 May 1966
Launched: 24 May 1967
Sponsored by: Mrs G Reynolds
Commissioned: 2 December 1968
Decommissioned: June 1993
Identification: Pennant number: 57
Nickname: "Heinz Variety"[1]
Fate: Sold to India, 1995
Career (India) Naval Ensign of India
Name: INS Krishna
Operator: Indian Navy
Commissioned: 22 August 1995
Decommissioned: 24 May 2012
Identification: Pennant number: F46 [2]
General characteristics
Class & type: Leander-class frigate
Armament: 4 × Exocet surface-to-surface missiles

SeaWolf surface-to-air missiles

2 × Bofors 40 mm guns

HMS Andromeda was a Leander-class frigate of the Royal Navy. She was built at HM Dockyard Portsmouth, the last ship to be built there. She was launched on 24 May 1967 and commissioned into the Royal Navy on 2 December 1968. She took part in the Falklands War and was sold to India in 1995, for use as a training ship, being renamed INS Krishna. She was finally decommissioned in May 2012.

Royal Navy Service[edit]

Beira Patrol[edit]

In 1970, while on Beira Patrol, a deployment that was used to prevent oil reaching Rhodesia via Mozambique, Andromeda was the first to reach the site of the sunk tanker RFA Ennerdale, also on Beira Patrol, who had struck an uncharted pinnacle of rock off the Seychelles. The wreck was later destroyed by explosives.[3] Later that year, Andromeda took part in a large operation when a Liberian tanker, known as Pacific Glory, ran aground near the Isle of Wight, after a collision with another tanker. In 1971 she was present at Portsmouth Navy Days.[4]

Cod Wars[edit]

Main article: Cod Wars

In 1973, Andromeda took part in the Second Cod War, patrolling to intervene in case of interference on British fishing by Icelandic vessels. During the conflict, Andromeda was rammed by the Icelandic gunboat Odin. The following year, Andromeda, as well as other RN vessels, including her sister ship, HMS Argonaut, had to evacuate British civilians from the Mediterranean island of Cyprus after Turkey had invaded it. In December 1975, Andromeda took part in the Third Cod War, during which she collided with the Icelandic gunboat Tyr. In early January the following year, Andromeda was rammed by Thor, another gunboat; both ships were damaged.

Falklands War[edit]

Andromeda alongside SS Canberra at the end of the Falklands War

In 1977, Andromeda took part in the Fleet Review of the Royal Navy, during the Silver Jubilee celebrations for HM the Queen. Between 1978–80, Andromeda underwent modernisation, including the addition of the Exocet and SeaWolf missiles. She joined the Falklands War in 1982. As part of 'Bristol Group', she arrived in the Falklands on the 26 May. She mainly performed escort "goal-keeping" duties, and suffered no damage during the war. Andromeda departed the South Atlantic in August, returning to the UK in September where jubilant crowds greeted her.

Varied duties[edit]

In the subsequent years of the 1980s, Andromeda performed a number of varied duties, thankfully all peaceful, patrolling the Persian Gulf on Armilla Patrol, and deployments to the Falklands and West Indies. In late summer of 1984, Andromeda docked at Baltimore Harbor in the USA for 10 days, on her way from the Falklands back home to England.

Sale[edit]

Between 1990–91, Andromeda underwent a refit. She was decommissioned two-years later. Andromeda was sold to the Indian Navy in 1995, where she was commissioned as the training ship, INS Krishna. Her armament had been reduced to two Bofors 40 mm guns and Oerlikon 20 mm cannons.

Fate[edit]

Krishna was decommissioned on 24 May 2012 at Mumbai, 44 years to the day after her launch.[5]

Commanding officers[edit]

From To Captain
1971 1971 Captain D T Smith RN
1971 1972 Captain Richard D Franklin RN
1972 1974 Captain Alexander F R Weir RN
1974 1976 Captain Robert Gerken RN
1976 1977 Captain Anthony M G Pearson RN
1982 1984 Captain James Weatherall RN

References[edit]

  1. ^ HMS Andromeda Association
  2. ^ http://www.kemmannu.com/index.php?action=highlights&type=3256
  3. ^ "RFA Ennerdale". Historical RFA. Retrieved 28 May 2012. 
  4. ^ Programme, Navy Days Portsmouth, 29–31 August 1971, p13.
  5. ^ "INS Krishna, one of Indian Navy’s 1st Training Squadron Ships, decommissioned". kemmannu.com. Retrieved 28 May 2012. 

Publications[edit]