HMS Archer (1911)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
HMS Archer
HMS Archer
Career (UK) Royal Navy Ensign
Name: HMS Archer
Builder: Yarrow & Company, Scotstoun
Yard number: 1296[1]
Launched: 21 October 1911[2]
Fate: Sold 1921[2]
General characteristics
Class & type: Acheron-class destroyer
Displacement: 770 tons
Length: 75 m (246 ft)
Beam: 7.9 m (26 ft)
Draught: 2.6 m (8.5 ft)
Propulsion: Brown-Curtis turbines
Three Yarrow boilers (oil fired)
16,000 shp[3]
Speed: 31 kn (57 km/h)[3]
Complement: 70
Armament:

2 × BL 4-inch (101.6 mm) L/40 Mark VIII guns, mounting P Mark V
2 × QF 12-pounder 12 cwt naval gun, mounting P Mark I

2 × single tubes for 21 in torpedoes
Destroyers of the Harwich Flotilla
For other ships of the same name, see HMS Archer.

HMS Archer was an Acheron-class destroyer built in 1911, which served during the First World War and was sold in 1921. She was the fourth ship of the name to serve in the Royal Navy.

Construction[edit]

She was laid down at the Yarrow & Company yard in Scotstoun, Glasgow, and was launched on 21 October 1911.

Archer and Attack used steam at higher pressures than the other Acheron-class destroyers and consequently were faster than the standard Admiralty-designed members of their class. Achieving 31 knots (57 km/h)[3] on trials, she carried two 4-inch (102 mm) guns, other smaller guns and 21-inch (530 mm) torpedo tubes and had a complement of 70 men.

Pennant numbers[edit]

Pennant Number[4] From To
H10 6 December 1914   1 September 1915
H29 1 September 1915 1 January 1918
H06 1 January 1918 Sold 9 May 1921

Career[edit]

As part of the First Destroyer Flotilla, she was attached to the Grand Fleet in August 1914, and then to the Third Battle Squadron from the spring of 1916.[2]

Battle of Heligoland Bight[edit]

As part of the Harwich Force, the First Destroyer Flotilla took part in the Battle of Heligoland Bight on 28 August 1914.[5]

Mediterranean service[edit]

From 1917 the Third Battle Squadron was deployed to the Mediterranean. Archer was present at the entry of the Allied fleet through the Dardanelles on 12 November 1918.[6]

Disposal[edit]

She was sold to Ward on 9 May 1921 for breaking.[4]

HMS Archer in fiction[edit]

In Out of Time, a J D Stanton Mystery by Alton Gansky,[7] the First World War Archer forms the scene of an adventure in which three adults and five teenagers find themselves lost in time after a storm at sea.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "HMS Archer - Clydebuilt ships database". Retrieved 2008-11-03. 
  2. ^ a b c "Battleships-Cruisers.co.uk website - Acheron Class". Retrieved 2008-11-03. 
  3. ^ a b c "I-class destroyers (extract from Jane's Fighting Ships of 1919)". Retrieved 2008-10-19. 
  4. ^ a b ""Arrowsmith" List: Royal Navy WWI Destroyer Pendant Numbers". Retrieved 2008-11-03. 
  5. ^ "Heligoland Bight - Order of Battle". Retrieved 2008-10-17. 
  6. ^ S E Brooks. "The Entry of the Allied Fleet through the Dardanelles". Oxford University. Retrieved 2009-11-11. 
  7. ^ Out of Time, J D Stanton Mysteries #3, by Alton Gansky, Zondervan, 2003, ISBN 978-0-310-24959-7