HMS Arethusa (1913)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other ships of the same name, see HMS Arethusa.
HMS Arethusa (1913).jpg
Arethusa in 1914
Career (United Kingdom)
Name: HMS Arethusa
Namesake: Arethusa
Builder: Chatham Dockyard
Laid down: 28 October 1912
Launched: 25 October 1913
Commissioned: August 1914
Fate: Damaged by mine 11 February 1916 and wrecked
General characteristics
Class and type: Arethusa-class light cruiser
Displacement: 3,500 tons
Length: 436 ft (132.9 m)
Beam: 39 ft (11.9 m)
Draught: 13.5 ft (4.1 m)
Propulsion: Brown-Curtis turbines
Eight Yarrow boilers
40,000 hp
Speed: 28.5 knots (52.8 km/h)
Range: carried 482 tons (810 tons maximum) of fuel oil
Complement: 318
Armament: 3 × BL 6-inch (152.4 mm) Mk XII guns

4 × QF 4-inch (101.6 mm) Mk V guns
2 × 3 inch guns

8 × 21-inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes
Armour: 3 inches (76 mm) side (amidships)
2.25–1.5 inches (57–38 mm) side (bows)
2.5–2 inches (64–51 mm) side (stern)
1 inch (25 mm) upper decks (amidships)
1 inch (25 mm) deck over rudder
6 inches (150 mm) conning tower

HMS Arethusa was the name ship of the Arethusa class of light cruisers. She was laid down at Chatham Dockyard in October 1912, launched on 25 October 1913, and commissioned in August 1914 as flotilla leader for the Harwich Force.

A tug alongside the wreck of Arethusa, after being badly damaged by a mine off Felixstowe, 11 February 1916

She went on to see a considerable amount of action during the First World War. On 28 August 1914 she fought at the Battle of Heligoland Bight, flying the flag of Commodore Reginald Tyrwhitt. She was seriously damaged by the German cruisers SMS Frauenlob and SMS Stettin and had to be towed home. On 25 December of that year, Arethusa took part in the Cuxhaven Raid and on 24 January 1915 she fought at the Battle of Dogger Bank (1915). Later in the same year she was transferred to the 5th Light Cruiser squadron of the Harwich force. In September 1915 she captured four German trawlers.

On 11 February 1916 she struck a mine off Felixstowe claimed to have been laid by the German submarine UC-7, drifted ashore before she could be rescued and broke her back. In the explosion 6 crew members lost their lives.

References[edit]

Coordinates: 53°58′N 6°42′E / 53.967°N 6.700°E / 53.967; 6.700