HMS Calcutta (D82)

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For other ships of the same name, see HMS Calcutta.
HMS Calcutta.jpg
Career (UK)
Class and type: C-class light cruiser
Name: HMS Calcutta
Builder: Vickers Limited, Barrow-in-Furness
Laid down: 18 October 1917
Launched: 9 July 1918
Commissioned: 28 August 1919
Reclassified: Converted to anti-aircraft cruiser in 1939
Fate: Sunk 1 June 1941 by air attack off Alexandria, Egypt
General characteristics
Tons burthen: 4,190 tons
Length: 451.4 ft (137.6 m)
Beam: 43.9 ft (13.4 m)
Draught: 14 ft (4.3 m)
Propulsion: Parsons geared turbines
Yarrow boilers
Two propellers
40,000 shp
Speed: 29 knots (54 km/h)
Range: carried 300 tons (950 tons maximum) of fuel oil
Complement: 330–350
Armament: 5 × 6in guns
2 × 3in anti-aircraft guns
4 × 3pdr guns
2 × 2pdr pom-poms
1 × machine gun
8 × 21in torpedo tubes
Armour: 3in side (amidships)
2¼–1½in side (bows)
2in side (stern)
1in upper decks (amidships)
1in deck over rudder

HMS Calcutta was a C-class light cruiser of the Royal Navy, named after the Indian city of Calcutta. She was part of the Carlisle group of the C-class of cruisers.

She was laid down by Vickers Limited at Barrow-in-Furness in 1917 and launched on 9 July 1918. Calcutta was commissioned too late to see action in the First World War, but was converted to an anti-aircraft cruiser in 1939 and deployed in the Mediterranean. On the night of 25 June 1940, Calcutta was sent to join the Canadian destroyers HMCS Restigouche and Fraser on a mission to the coast of Bordeaux, France where 4,000 refugees trapped by the German Army were awaiting rescue.

The warships encountered rough seas and poor visibility, forcing the commanding officer of the Fraser to close quarters with the other two vessels. Fraser executed a turn to port to bring the ship behind Calcutta but in doing so, the two ships collided, with the bow of the heavier Calcutta slicing into Fraser with such force that the destroyer was cut into three pieces. The Fraser sank with the loss of 45 crew, while 19 of Calcutta '​s crew were also killed.

Calcutta was used to escort allied convoys across the Mediterranean and fought at the Battle of Cape Matapan in March 1941. She was sunk on 1 June 1941 by Luftwaffe Junkers 88 bombers about 100 nautical miles (190 km) off Alexandria, Egypt.

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Coordinates: 32°00′N 28°00′E / 32.000°N 28.000°E / 32.000; 28.000