HMS Calcutta (D82)
|Class and type:||C-class light cruiser|
|Builder:||Vickers Limited, Barrow-in-Furness|
|Laid down:||18 October 1917|
|Launched:||9 July 1918|
|Commissioned:||28 August 1919|
|Reclassified:||Converted to anti-aircraft cruiser in 1939|
|Fate:||Sunk 1 June 1941 by air attack off Alexandria, Egypt|
|Tons burthen:||4,190 tons|
|Length:||451.4 ft (137.6 m)|
|Beam:||43.9 ft (13.4 m)|
|Draught:||14 ft (4.3 m)|
|Propulsion:||Parsons geared turbines
|Speed:||29 knots (54 km/h)|
|Range:||carried 300 tons (950 tons maximum) of fuel oil|
|Armament:||5 × 6in guns
2 × 3in anti-aircraft guns
4 × 3pdr guns
2 × 2pdr pom-poms
1 × machine gun
8 × 21in torpedo tubes
|Armour:||3in side (amidships)
2¼–1½in side (bows)
2in side (stern)
1in upper decks (amidships)
1in deck over rudder
She was laid down by Vickers Limited at Barrow-in-Furness in 1917 and launched on 9 July 1918. Calcutta was commissioned too late to see action in the First World War, but was converted to an anti-aircraft cruiser in 1939 and deployed in the Mediterranean. On the night of 25 June 1940, Calcutta was sent to join the Canadian destroyers HMCS Restigouche and Fraser on a mission to the coast of Bordeaux, France where 4,000 refugees trapped by the German Army were awaiting rescue.
The warships encountered rough seas and poor visibility, forcing the commanding officer of the Fraser to close quarters with the other two vessels. Fraser executed a turn to port to bring the ship behind Calcutta but in doing so, the two ships collided, with the bow of the heavier Calcutta slicing into Fraser with such force that the destroyer was cut into three pieces. The Fraser sank with the loss of 45 crew, while 19 of Calcutta 's crew were also killed.
Calcutta was used to escort allied convoys across the Mediterranean and fought at the Battle of Cape Matapan in March 1941. She was sunk on 1 June 1941 by Luftwaffe Junkers 88 bombers about 100 nautical miles (190 km) off Alexandria, Egypt.
- Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2006) . Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8. OCLC 67375475.
- Jane's Fighting Ships of World War One (1919), Jane's Publishing Company
- HMS Calcutta at uboot.net
- "Royal Navy Log Books – HMS Calcutta". Retrieved 15 December 2013. Transcription of ship's logbooks September 1920 to September 1923