HMS Caledonia (1862)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other ships of the same name, see HMS Caledonia.
HMS Caledonia (1862).jpg
Career
Name: HMS Caledonia
Builder: Woolwich Dockyard
Laid down: 10 October 1860
Launched: 24 October 1862
Completed: July 1865
Fate: Broken up, 1886
General characteristics
Class & type: Prince Consort-class ironclad
Displacement: 6,832 long tons (6,942 t)
Length: As built : 252 ft (77 m)
After 1866 : 273 ft (83 m)
Beam: As built : 57 ft (17 m)
After 1866 : 58 ft 6 in (17.83 m)
Draught: As built : 25 ft (7.6 m) light
26 ft 6 in (8.08 m) deep load
After 1866 : 24 ft (7.3 m) light
26 ft 9 in (8.15 m) deep load
Propulsion: One-shaft Maudsley horizontal reciprocating
3,750 ihp (2,796 kW)
Sail plan: Single-topsail barque, sail area 25,000 sq ft (2,300 m2)
Speed: 12.5 knots (14.4 mph; 23.2 km/h) under power
11.5 knots (13.2 mph; 21.3 km/h) under sail
Complement: 605
Armament:

1865 :
• 10 × 7 in (180 mm) breech loading Armstrong rifles
• 8 × 100-pounder smoothbore
• 12 × 68-pounder smoothbore guns
1867 :
• 4 × 8 in (200 mm) muzzle-loading rifles

• 20 × 7 in (180 mm) muzzle-loading rifles
Armour: Battery and belt: 4.5 in (110 mm) amidships and 3 in (76 mm) fore and aft

HMS Caledonia was a broadside ironclad of the Prince Consort class. Originally laid down as a two-decker steam ship of the line of the Bulwark class, Caledonia was converted on the building stocks into an armoured frigate.

Service history[edit]

HMS Caledonia was not completed until July 1865 due to a delay in the delivery of her main armament. Once this was installed, she was commissioned as Second-in-Command of the Mediterranean Fleet, becoming the first ever armoured flagship of the Royal Navy.

She was temporarily withdrawn from service in 1866 for reconstruction which involved the addition of a poop deck. Following this, she was flagship of the Channel Fleet until 1867, when she was paid off for re-armament.

HMS Caledonia was flagship of the Mediterranean Fleet until 1869 (relieving HMS Victoria, the last three-deck Royal Navy flagship) until 1872. She was a guardship in the Firth of Forth from 1872 until 1875. She was paid off at Plymouth, and was laid up there until she was sold on 30 September 1886.

References[edit]

  • Oscar Parkes (July 1990). British battleships : "Warrior" 1860 to "Vanguard" 1950. ISBN 978-0-85052-604-2. 
  • Roger Chesneau; Eugène M. Koleśnik; N. J. M. Campbell (1979). Conway's All the world's fighting ships, 1860-1905. Conway. ISBN 978-0-85177-133-5. 
  • Battleships-Cruisers.co.uk
  • George Alexander Ballard (1980-01-01). The black battlefleet. ISBN 978-0-245-53030-2. 
  • Baxter, James Phinney The Introduction of the Ironclad Warship, published Harvard University, 1933.
  • David K. Brown (1997-04-30). Warrior to dreadnought. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 978-1-86176-022-7. 
  • Clowes, William Laird Four Modern Naval Campaigns, Historical Strategical, and Tactical, first published Unit Library, 1902, reprinted Cornmarket Press, 1970.
  • Roger Chesneau; N. J. M. Campbell (December 1979). Conway's all the world's fighting ships, 1860-1905. Wh Smith Pub. ISBN 978-0-8317-0302-8. 
  • Andrew Lambert (1984-09-24). Battleships in transition. ISBN 978-0-85177-315-5. 
  • Oscar Parkes (August 1990). British battleships, "Warrior" 1860 to "Vanguard" 1950. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 978-1-55750-075-5. 
  • Reed, Edward J Our Ironclad Ships, their Qualities, Performance and Cost, published John Murray, 1869.