HMS Camperdown (1885)
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (March 2010)|
|Namesake:||Admiral Adam Duncan, 1st Viscount Duncan of Camperdown|
|Laid down:||18 December 1882|
|Launched:||24 November 1885|
|Fate:||Sold 1911; broken up|
|General characteristics |
|Class & type:||Admiral-class battleship|
|Displacement:||10,600 long tons (10,800 t)|
|Length:||330 ft (100 m)|
|Beam:||68 ft 6 in (20.88 m)|
|Draught:||27 ft 3 in (8.31 m) maximum|
|Installed power:||7,500 ihp (5,600 kW) (normal)
11,500 ihp (8,600 kW) (forced draught)
|Propulsion:||2 × Maudslay compound inverted steam engines
2 × screws
|Speed:||17.1 kn (19.7 mph; 31.7 km/h) (forced draught)|
|Armament:||4 × BL 13.5 in (340 mm) guns
4 × BL 6 in (150 mm) guns
12 × QF 6-pounder Nordenfelt guns
10 × 3-pounder quick-firing guns
5 × above-water torpedo tubes
She was a full sister to Anson, and was an improved version of the earlier Howe and Rodney. In comparison to these earlier ships, she had an increased thickness of barbette armour, and a lengthened armour belt. The extra armour carried increased the displacement by 350 long tons (360 t); in order not to increase the draught, she was lengthened by 5 ft (1.5 m) and was given 6 in (15 cm) more beam.
The 13.5 in (340 mm) guns were carried in two pairs, in barbettes positioned on the centre-line at either end of the superstructure. They were carried at a height of 20 ft (6.1 m) above the full-load water-line, and possessed firing arcs of some 270°. Each shell weighed 1,250 lb (570 kg), and would penetrate 27 in (69 cm) of iron at a range of 1,000 yd (910 m).
She was commissioned at Portsmouth on 18 July 1889, and initially went into reserve. In December 1889 she was posted to the Mediterranean Fleet as flagship, where she remained until being posted as flagship of the Channel Fleet in May 1890. She was paid off in May 1892 into Fleet reserve, recommissioning in July 1892 into the Mediterranean Fleet. On 22 June 1893, she collided with and sank the battleship Victoria with 358 deaths, including Vice-Admiral Sir George Tryon. In September 1899, she went into Category B reserve, and in May 1900 into Dockyard reserve. In July 1900 she commissioned as a coast guard ship at Lough Swilly until May 1903. During February 1902 she visited Portsmouth for repairs to to her steam capstand. After paying off in 1903, she was in reserve at Chatham until 1908, and was employed at Harwich as a berthing ship for submarines until she was sold in 1911.
- Captain A. C. Corry - in March 1901
- Commander H. N. Rolfe - 1901
- Captain H. A. W. Onslow - early 1902
- Chesneau, Koleśnik & Campbell 1979, p. 29.
- "Naval & Military intelligence" The Times (London). Tuesday, 4 February 1902. (36682), p. 8.
- "Naval & Military intelligence" The Times (London). Friday, 1 March 1901. (36391), p. 11.
- Oscar Parkes, British Battleships ISBN 0-85052-604-3
- Chesneau, Roger; Koleśnik, Eugène M.; Campbell, N.J.M. (1979). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships, 1860–1905. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-133-5.
- maritimequest.com: HMS Camperdown
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