HMS Cassandra (R62)

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For other ships of the same name, see HMS Cassandra.
HMS Cassandra 1944 IWM F 7624.jpg
Career (United Kingdom)
Name: HMS Cassandra
Ordered: February 1942
Builder: Yarrow Shipbuilders, Scotstoun
Laid down: 30 January 1943
Launched: 29 November 1943
Completed: 28 July 1944
Commissioned: 28 July 1944
Renamed: Built as HMS Tourmaline
Renamed HMS Cassandra in November 1942
Identification: Pennant number: R62 initially, but changed to D10 in 1945
Motto: Furiosior undis: 'More mad than the waves'
Honours and
awards:
Arctic 1944
Fate: Arrived at breaker's yard for scrapping on 28 April 1967
Badge: On a Field Blue, a woman's head affronte with two snakes wreathed round her neck and poised about her ears all Proper.
General characteristics
Class and type: C-class destroyer
Displacement: 1,710 tons (standard) 2,520 tons (full)
Length: 363 ft (111 m) o/a
Beam: 35.75 ft (10.90 m)
Draught: 10 ft (3.0 m) light,
14.5 ft (4.4 m) full
Propulsion: 2 Admiralty 3-drum boilers,
Parsons geared steam turbines,
40,000 shp (30,000 kW), 2 shafts
Speed: 37 knots (69 km/h)
Range: 615 tons oil, 1,400 nautical miles (2,600 km) at 32 knots (59 km/h)
Complement: 186
Armament: 3 x QF 4.5 in (114 mm) L/45 guns Mark IV on mounts CP Mk.V

2 x Bofors 40 mm L/60 guns on twin mount "Hazemeyer" Mk.IV, or;
4 x anti-aircraft mountings;
Bofors 40 mm, single mount Mk.III
QF 2 -pdr Mk.VIII, single mount Mk.XVI
Oerlikon 20 mm, single mount P Mk.III
Oerlikon 20 mm, twin mount Mk.V
2 x pentuple tubes for 21 in (533 mm) torpedoes Mk.IX
4 throwers and 2 racks for 96 depth charges

6 x Squid anti-submarine launchers

HMS Cassandra was a C-class destroyer of the Royal Navy, ordered in February 1942 from Yarrow Shipbuilders.[1] She was originally to be named HMS Tourmaline but this was changed to Cassandra in November 1942 to fit her revised class name. She was laid down on 30 January 1943 and launched on 29 November 1943.[1]

Wartime service[edit]

After her commissioning, she served primarily in Northern waters, escorting Russian convoys and was engaged in the search for the German battleship Tirpitz.[1] On 11 December 1944, she was hit by a torpedo from the U-boat U-365 under the command of Oberleutnant zur See Diether Todenhagen.[2] 62 men died in the attack and she was towed, first by the frigate Bahamas and then by a Soviet Navy tugboat to Kola Inlet.[3] U-365 was sunk with all hands two days later by a Fairey Swordfish launched from the aircraft carrier Campania.[2]

Post war service[edit]

After the war, Cassandra‍ '​s repairs were completed and she was placed in reserve in 1946.[4] She then served in the Mediterranean Sea and Indian Ocean. Cassandra was modernised by Yarrow and Company. This involved her being fitted with an enclosed bridge and Squid anti-submarine mortars. One set of torpedo tubes and 'X' gun turret were removed at this time. She re-entered service in April 1960 and was allocated for service in the Far East as part of the 8th Destroyer Squadron. She covered 50,00 miles during a commission in 1962-3 which took her from the Far East and returning to Portsmouth.[5] In February 1963 the ship became part of the 21st Destroyer Squadron in the Mediterranean.[6] In 1964 and 1965 she served in the Mediterranean and the Far East, including service in the Indonesian Confrontation.

The destroyer was placed in reserve until paying off in January 1966. Casssandra arrived at the breaker's yard of T W Ward at Inverkeithing for scrapping on 28 April 1967.[1]

Commanding officers[edit]

From To Captain
1944 1945 Commander Phillip F Powlett DSO DSC RN
1950 1952
1960 1962 Commander Spencer Drummond RN
1962 1963 Commander J M B Walkey RN
1965 1966 Commander K Vause RN

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Mason, Geoffrey B. (2004). Gordon Smith, ed. "HMS Cassandra (R 62) - Ca-class Destroyer". naval-history.net. Retrieved 20 May 2015. 
  2. ^ a b "Lt-Cdr Bill Henley". Daily Telegraph. 25 July 2011. Retrieved 20 May 2015. 
  3. ^ "HMS Cassandra (R 62)". uboat.net. Retrieved 20 May 2015. 
  4. ^ Marriott, Leo (1989). Royal Navy Destroyers Since 1945. Ian Allen Ltd. pp. 57–62. 
  5. ^ "H.M.S. Cassandra April 1962 - May 1963" (PDF). Gale & Polden Ltd. Retrieved 20 May 2015. 
  6. ^ Critchley, Mike (1982). British Warships Since 1945: Part 3: Destroyers. Liskeard, UK: Maritime Books. p. 87. ISBN 0-9506323-9-2. 

Publications[edit]