HMS Centaur (1916)
HMS Centaur sometime between 1916 and 1919.
|Class and type:||C-class light cruiser|
|Laid down:||24 January 1915|
|Launched:||6 January 1916|
|Recommissioned:||8 April 1925|
|Fate:||Sold February 1934 for scrapping|
|Tons burthen:||3,750 tons|
|Length:||446 ft (136 m)|
|Beam:||42 ft (13 m)|
|Draught:||14.6 ft (4.5 m)|
Eight Yarrow boilers
|Range:||carried 300 tons (824 tons maximum) of fuel oil|
|Armament:||5 × 6 inch (152 mm) guns
2 × 3 inch (76 mm) guns
2 × 2 pounder (907g) guns
1 × machine gun
2 × 21 inch torpedo tubes
|Armour:||3 inch side (amidships)
2¼-1¼ inch side (bows)
2-2½ inch side (stern)
1 inch upper decks (amidships)
1 inch deck over rudder
The Ottoman Empire had ordered a pair of scout cruisers in 1914. When the First World War started, construction was halted. A considerable amount of material had already been prepared, and much of this was used in the construction of HMS Centaur and her sister HMS Concord. Built by Vickers Limited, Centaur was laid down in January 1915 and launched on 1 January 1916.
World War I
Upon being commissioned into the Royal Navy in August 1916, Centaur was assigned to the 5th Light Cruiser Squadron, which operated as a part of Harwich Force in the North Sea to defend the eastern approaches to the Strait of Dover and English Channel. On 5 June 1917 she and the light cruisers HMS Canterbury and HMS Conquest sank the German torpedo boat S20 in the North Sea near the Schouwen Bank off Zeebrugge, Belgium. On 13 June 1918 she struck a mine and had to undergo repairs at Hull.
After the First World War, Centaur was sent to the Baltic Sea in December 1918 to take part in the British campaign there against Bolshevik and German forces during the Russian Civil War. In March 1919, she was reassigned from Harwich Force to the 3rd Light Cruiser Squadron in the Mediterranean Fleet, recommissioning at Malta in June 1920 and Gibraltar in October 1922 to continue that service.
In October 1923, Centaur was decommissioned, transferred to the Reserve Fleet, and placed in reserve at Devonport Dockyard. After undergoing a refit in 1924 and 1925, she was recommissioned at Portsmouth on 8 April 1925 to serve as the flagship of Commodore (D) – the officer in command of all destroyers – in the Atlantic Fleet, recommissioning in February 1928 and September 1930 to continue in this role. She was decommissioned again in March 1932 and placed in reserve at Portsmouth.
- Gardiner, Robert, ed., Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships, 1906-1921, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1985, ISBN 0-87021-907-3, OCLC 423834653, LCCN 84-42782, pp. 57, 59, 60, (preview of 2006 reprint).
- Gardiner, Robert, ed., Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships, 1906-1921, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1985, ISBN 0-87021-907-3, OCLC 423834653, LCCN 84-42782, p. 60, (preview of 2006 reprint).
- Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2006) . Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8. OCLC 67375475.
- Jane's Fighting Ships of World War One (1919), Jane's Publishing Company
- Ships of the Centaur class