HMS Conqueror (1855)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other ships of the same name, see HMS Conqueror.
HMS 1861 Conqueror.JPG
Career (United Kingdom) Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg
Name: HMS Conqueror
Ordered: 16 November 1852
Builder: Devonport Dockyard
Machinery by John Penn & Son
Laid down: 25 July 1853
Launched: 2 May 1855
Commissioned: 9 April 1856
Fate: Wrecked on 13 December 1861
General characteristics
Class & type: Conqueror class ship of the line
Tons burthen: 3224
Length: 240 ft (73.2 m) (o/a)
Beam: 55 ft 4 in (16.9 m)
Depth of hold: 24 ft 5 in (7.44 m)
Propulsion: Sails
2-cylinder (82in diam., 4ft stroke) horizontal single expansion trunk engine
Single screw
800 nhp
2,812 ihp
Sail plan: Full rigged
Speed: 10.806kts (machinery)
Complement: 930
Armament: 36 × 8 in (200 mm) guns (lower deck), 36 × 32 pdr (15 kg) (main deck), 28 × 32 pdr (15 kg) and 1 × 68 pdr (quarter deck/forecastle)

HMS Conqueror was a 101-gun Conqueror class screw propelled first-rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy. She was launched in 1855, but spent only six years in service before being wrecked on Rum Cay in the Bahamas in 1861.

Construction and commissioning[edit]

Conqueror was one of a two ship class, her sister being Donegal.[1] She was built to an 1852 design from the Surveyor’s Department and ordered from Devonport Dockyard on 16 November 1852. She was laid down on 25 July 1853, launched on 2 May 1855 and commissioned on 9 April 1856.[1] She cost a total of £171,116, with £91,244 spent on her hull and a further £50,919 spent on her machinery, from John Penn & Son.[1]

Career[edit]

"The loss of H.M.S. Conqueror 100 guns on Rum Cay, Bahamas, West Indies" [sic], attributed to George Pechell Mends

Conqueror was initially commanded by Thomas Matthew Charles Symonds, and formed part of the Channel Squadron.[2] She was later assigned to operate in the Mediterranean during the Crimean War, and later was based out of Malta, when Hastings Yelverton took command on 22 July 1859. Yelverton was succeeded by William John Cavendish Clifford and he by James Willcox in 1860, by which time Conqueror had returned to Plymouth.[2] Edward Southwell Sotheby took over command and was despatched to carry troops supporting the French intervention in Mexico in late 1861. While sailing through the Caribbean, Conqueror was wrecked on Rum Cay on 13 December 1861 due to a navigation error.[1] All 1,400 aboard were saved.

Wreck[edit]

The wreck lies in 30 ft (9.1 m) of water off Rum Cay and is preserved as an Underwater Museum of the Bahamas. It is a popular dive site.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Lyon & Winfield. "5". The Sail and Steam Navy List. pp. 10–11. 
  2. ^ a b Loney. "mid-Victorian RN vessels - Conqueror". 

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 23°38′30″N 74°48′0″W / 23.64167°N 74.80000°W / 23.64167; -74.80000