HMS Cormorant (1877)
HMS Cormorant circa. 1878
|Career (United Kingdom)|
|Builder:||Chatham Royal Dockyard|
|Cost:||Hull £37,630, machinery £11,587|
|Launched:||12 September 1877|
|Commissioned:||2 July 1878|
|Decommissioned:||Hulked, November 1889|
|Renamed:||Rooke, July 1946|
|Fate:||Broken up at Malaga in 1949|
|Class & type:||Osprey-class screw composite sloop|
|Displacement:||1,130 long tons (1,150 t)|
|Length:||170 ft (51.8 m) (p/p)|
|Beam:||36 ft (11.0 m)|
|Draught:||15 ft 9 in (4.8 m)|
|Depth:||19 ft 6 in (5.9 m)|
|Installed power:||951 ihp (709 kW)|
1 × 2-cylinder horizontal compound expansion steam engine
3 × cylindrical boilers
|Sail plan:||Barque rig|
|Speed:||11 knots (20 km/h; 13 mph)|
|Range:||1,480 nmi (2,740 km; 1,700 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph)|
|Armament:||2 × 7-inch rifled muzzle-loading guns
4 × 6.3-inch 64-pounder rifled muzzle-loading guns
The Osprey class were of composite construction, with wooden hulls over an iron frame. They were designed by the Chief Constructor, William Henry White and five were ordered. Of 1,130 tons displacement and approximately 950 indicated horsepower, they were capable of approximately 11 knots and were armed with two 7" muzzle-loading rifled guns on pivoting mounts, and four 64-pound guns (two on pivoting mounts, and two broadside). They had a crew complement of approximately 140 men.
The primary purpose of ships of the class was to maintain British naval dominance through trade protection, anti-slavery, and surveying.
In 1879 she served on the Australia Station, and in April 1886 she was on the Pacific Station. On 20 July 1887 she became the first vessel to use the newly built graving dock at the Esquimalt Royal Navy Dockyard.
- Winfield, p. 292
- "HMS Cormorant at the Index of 19th Century Naval Vessels". Retrieved 2009-08-16.
- Ballard, G. A. (1939). "British Sloops of 1875: The Larger Ram-Bowed Type". Mariner's Mirror (Cambridge, UK: Society for Nautical Research) 25 (January): 35–49.
- Chesneau, Roger; Kolesnik, Eugene M., eds. (1979). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1860-1905. Greenwich, UK: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-8317-0302-4.
- Winfield, Rif & Lyon, David (2004). The Sail and Steam Navy List: All the Ships of the Royal Navy 1815–1889. London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-032-6. OCLC 52620555.
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