HMS Cornwall (1902)
|Class and type:||Monmouth-class armoured cruiser|
|Laid down:||11 March 1901|
|Launched:||29 October 1902|
|Fate:||Sold 7 July 1920|
|Length:||463.5 ft (141.3 m)|
|Beam:||66 ft (20.1 m)|
|Draught:||25 ft (7.6 m)|
|Propulsion:||4-cylinder triple-extension steam engines
31 Babcock boilers
|Speed:||apprx 23 knots|
|Armour:||4in (102mm) belt
5in (127mm) barbette
5in (127mm) turret
On August 6, 1911 the Cornwall ran aground on Pinnacle Rock, off Cape Sable Island (Nova Scotia). At the time, she was assisting HMCS Niobe, which had also run aground. Both cruisers were refloated.
On the outbreak of World War I in 1914 she was dispatched to West Africa to intercept German merchant shipping. She then proceeded to the Falkland Islands in the squadron commanded by Vice-Admiral Doveton Sturdee, consisting of the battlecruisers Inflexible and Invincible, the pre-dreadnought battleship Canopus, two armoured cruisers, three light cruisers and one armed merchant cruiser.
On 8 December 1914 Sturdee's squadron encountered a German squadron commanded by Vice-Admiral Maximilian von Spee, consisting of the heavy cruisers Scharnhorst and Gneisenau together with the light cruisers Nürnberg, Leipzig and Dresden.
Following the battle, Cornwall returned to West Africa. In June 1915 she was sent to support the Dardanelles Campaign.
In October 1916 she was sent to the East Indies and China Stations to protect Allied shipping from surface raiders. She returned to the United Kingdom in 1917 where she was refitted. For the remainder of the war she escorted convoys between Canada and the UK.
She paid off early in 1919 and was scrapped in 1920.
- "Naval & Military intelligence" The Times (London). Friday, 15 March 1901. (36403), p. 4.
- "Monmouth class cruisers". Battleships-Cruisers.co.uk. Cranston Fine Arts. 2001 - 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-01.
- Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2006) . Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8. OCLC 67375475.