French ship Courageux (1753)

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For other ships of the same name, see French ship Courageux and HMS Courageux.
Career (France) French Royal Navy Ensign
Name: Courageux
Launched: 1753
Captured: 13 August 1761, by Royal Navy
Career (Great Britain) Royal Navy Ensign
Name: Courageux
Builder: Brest
Acquired: 13 August 1761
Fate: Wrecked off Gibraltar, 18 December 1796
General characteristics [1]
Class & type: 74-gun third-rate ship of the line
Tons burthen: 1,721 bm
Length: 140 ft 10 38 in (42.9 m) (gundeck)
Beam: 48 ft (14.6 m)
Depth of hold: 20 ft 10 12 in (6.4 m)
Sail plan: Full-rigged ship
Armament:

French Navy: 74 guns

  • Gundeck: 28 × 36-pounders
  • Upper gundeck: 30 × 24-pounders
  • Quarterdeck: 16 × 8-pounders

Royal Navy: 74 guns

  • Gundeck: 28 × 32-pounders
  • Upper gundeck: 28 × 18-pounders
  • Quarterdeck: 18 × 9-pounders

Courageux was a heavy 74-gun ship of the line of the French Navy, launched in 1753. She was captured by the Royal Navy in 1761 and taken into service as HMS Courageux. She was wrecked in 1796.

French service[edit]

Courageux was launched in 1753.[1] She was considered heavy because she carried 24-pounder guns on her upper deck rather than the normal 18 pounders.

Capture by the Royal Navy[edit]

She was captured by the British ship HMS Bellona, also of 74 guns on 13 August 1761, whilst in the company of two frigates. Courageux sighted Bellona in company with the frigate Brilliant. The British ships pursued, and after 14 hours, caught up with the French ships and engaged, the Brilliant attacking the frigates, and Bellona taking on Courageux. The frigates eventually got away, but Courageux struck her colours, and was later repaired and taken into the Royal Navy as the third rate HMS Courageux.

Fate[edit]

She was wrecked off Gibraltar on 18 December 1796.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Lavery, Ships of the Line vol. 1, p. 178.

References[edit]

  • Lavery, Brian (2003) The Ship of the Line - Volume 1: The development of the battlefleet 1650-1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8.