HMS Cumberland (1774)

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For other ships of the same name, see HMS Cumberland.
Career (UK) Royal Navy Ensign
Name: HMS Cumberland
Ordered: 8 June 1768
Builder: Deptford Dockyard
Laid down: 7 January 1769
Launched: 29 March 1774
Honours and
awards:

Participated in:

Fate: Broken up, 1804
General characteristics [1]
Class and type: 74-gun third-rate Elizabeth-class ship of the line
Tons burthen: 1647 (bm)
Length: 168 ft 6 in (51.36 m) (gundeck)
Beam: 46 ft (14 m)
Depth of hold: 19 ft 9 in (6.02 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Full rigged ship
Armament:

Gundeck: 28 × 32-pounder guns
Upper gundeck: 28 × 18-pounder guns
QD: 14 × 9-pounder guns

Fc: 4 × 9-pounder guns

HMS Cumberland was a 74-gun third rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, launched on 29 March 1774 at Deptford Dockyard.[1]

She participated in the Battle of Cape St Vincent in 1780. Circa February 1781, she captured the French 18-gun privateer ship-sloop Duc de Chartres. The Royal Navy took the privateer into service as HMS Duc de Chartres.[2]

Cumberland then sailed to the East Indies, where she participated in the Battle of Cuddalore in 1783.

Napoleonic Wars[edit]

Cumberland took an incidental part in the Action of 28 June 1803, during the Blockade of Saint-Domingue. Two days later, Cumberland and her squadron were between Jean-Rabel and St. Nichola Mole in the West Indies, having just parted with a convoy when they spotted a sail of what appeared to be a large French warship. Cumberland and Vanguard approached her and after a few shots from Vanguard the French vessel surrendered, having suffered two men badly wounded, and being greatly outgunned. She proved to be the frigate Créole, of 44 guns, primarily 18-pounders, under the command of Citizen Le Ballard. She had been sailing from Cape François to Port au Prince with General Morgan (the second in command of San Domingo), his staff, and 530 soldiers on board, in addition to her crew of 150 men. The Royal Navy took her into service as HMS Creole.

While the British were taking possession of Creole, a small French navy schooner, under the command of a lieutenant, and sailing the same trajectory as Creole, sailed into the squadron and she too was seized. She had on board 100 bloodhounds from Cuba, which were "intended to accompany the Army serving against the Blacks."[3]

Fate[edit]

Cumberland was broken up in 1804.[1]

Citations and notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Lavery, Ships of the Line vol. 1, p. 179.
  2. ^ Demerliac (1996), p. 182, #1777.
  3. ^ The London Gazette: no. 15620. p. 1228. 13 September 1803.

References[edit]

  • Demerliac, Alain (1996) La Marine De Louis XVI: Nomenclature Des Navires Français De 1774 À 1792. (Nice: Éditions OMEGA). ISBN 2-906381-23-3
  • Lavery, Brian (2003) The Ship of the Line - Volume 1: The development of the battlefleet 1650-1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8.