HMS Diamond (D34)

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Diamond during Exercise Joint Warrior near Scotland in April 2013
Diamond during Exercise Joint Warrior near Scotland, April 2013
Career (UK)
Name: HMS Diamond
Ordered: December 2000
Builder: BAE Systems Surface Fleet Solutions
Yard number: 1063[1]
Laid down: 25 February 2005
Launched: 27 November 2007
Sponsored by: Lady Johns
Commissioned: 6 May 2011[2]
Identification: Deck code: DM[3]
Pennant number: D34
International callsign: GPLC[4]
IMO number: 4907763[5]
Motto: Honor clarissima gemma
("Honour is the brightest jewel")
Status: In active service, as of 2014
Badge: Diamond Crest.JPG
General characteristics
Type: Guided missile destroyer
Displacement: 8,000 t (7,900 long tons; 8,800 short tons)[6]
Length: 152.4 m (500 ft 0 in)
Beam: 21.2 m (69 ft 7 in)
Draught: 7.4 m (24 ft 3 in)
Propulsion:

2 shafts Integrated electric propulsion (IEP);

Speed: In excess of 29 kn (54 km/h; 33 mph)[8]
Range: 7,000 nautical miles (13,000 km) at 18 kn (33 km/h)
Complement: 190
Sensors and
processing systems:
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
Armament:

Anti-air missiles:
Sea Viper (PAAMS) air defence system.
1 × 48-cell Sylver A50 VLS, for a combination of 48:
Aster 15 missiles (range 1.7-30 km)
Aster 30 missiles (range 3-120 km)

Anti-ship missiles:
2 × quad Harpoon launchers (4 ships only)

Guns:
1 × BAE 4.5 inch Mark 8 naval gun
2 × Oerlikon 30 mm guns
2 × Phalanx CIWS
2 × Miniguns
6 × general purpose machine guns


Aircraft carried:

1-2×Lynx HMA8, armed with;

  • Sea Skua anti ship missiles, or
  • 2× anti submarine torpedoes

or
Westland Merlin HM1,[11] armed with;

  • 4× anti submarine torpedoes
Aviation facilities:
  • Large flight deck
  • Enclosed hangar

HMS Diamond is the third ship of the Type 45 or Daring-class air-defence destroyers built for the Royal Navy. She was launched in 2007, completed her contractor's sea trials in July 2010 and arrived at her base port on 22 September 2010. Diamond was commissioned in a traditional ceremony on 6 May 2011, and formally entered service on 12 July 2011.[12][13]

Operational history[edit]

Diamond's construction began at the BAE Systems Naval Ships yard at Govan on the River Clyde in February 2005. She was launched on 27 November 2007.[14] By July 2010, Diamond had been fully fitted out and finished her contractors' sea trials (stage 1 trials). She arrived in her base port of HMNB Portsmouth on 22 September 2010.[15]

HMS Diamond was commissioned in a traditional ceremony on 6 May 2011 in her home port of Portsmouth. The ceremony was attended by the ship's sponsor and the Commander-in-Chief Fleet Admiral Sir Trevor Soar.[16] Diamond continued undergoing sea trials until she entered operational service in July 2011 after the completion of her trials. The ship will conduct operational training before commencing her first overseas deployment.[13] Diamond is expected to commence deployment in the summer of 2012,[17] starting with celebrations to mark the Diamond Jubilee of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II.[18]

Recent service[edit]

Diamond was in the Middle East Area of Operations in 2012 and will be fully ready for operations in 2014.[19]

Advanced air-defence[edit]

The Type 45 destroyers are primarily designed for anti-aircraft and anti-missile warfare with the capability to defend against aircraft, drones as well as supersonic sea skimming anti-ship missiles.[20] The Royal Navy describe the destroyers mission as "to shield the Fleet from air attack". The Type 45 destroyer uses the sophisticated Sea Viper air-defence system[21] utilizing the SAMPSON active electronically scanned array multi-function air tracking radar, and the S1850M long-range air surveillance radar. The Sea Viper system is able to control and coordinate several missiles in the air at once, allowing several tracks to be intercepted. It has been suggested that the SAMPSON radar is capable of tracking an object the size of a cricket ball travelling at three times the speed of sound.[22] A core component of the Type 45's Sea Viper air-defence system is the Aster missile, composing of the Aster 15 and Aster 30. MBDA describe Aster as an anti-missile missile capable of intercepting all types of high performance air threats at a max range of 120 km (Aster 30).[23] The Aster missile is autonomously guided and equipped with an active RF seeker enabling it to cope with "saturated attacks" thanks to a "Multiple engagement capability" and a "high rate of fire".[23] Presently the Daring-class destroyers are equipped with a 48-cell A50 Sylver Vertical Launching System allowing for a mix of up-tp 48 Aster 15 and 30 missiles. However, the Type 45 destroyer was designed to accommodate a total of 64-cells, while some reports suggest a total of 72-cells.[20]

Characteristics[edit]

Weapons, countermeasures, capabilities and sensors[edit]

Affiliations[edit]

HMS Diamond under final assembly at the BAE Systems Surface Fleet Solutions shipyard at Govan.

Ship's sponsor:

Official affiliations:

As part of her affiliation with Coventry, Diamond will carry a cross of nails created from the remains of Coventry Cathedral. At the end of the Second World War a cross of nails was created out of the wreckage and has been presented to all ships that carry the name Coventry. It was recovered from the wreck of HMS Coventry by divers after she was sunk in the Falklands War and presented to the crew of Diamond on her commissioning by Captain David Hart-Dyke, the commanding officer of Coventry at the time of her sinking.[12]

The City of Sheffield was offered affiliation to Diamond, but this was turned down by Sheffield City Council and the Lord Mayor, who want the city associated with another Sheffield.[25] The affiliation has now been transferred to the City of Coventry.[26][27]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "HMS Diamond at Clydebuilt database". Retrieved 21 June 2009. 
  2. ^ "HMS Diamond to join fleet". The News. 2011-05-04. Retrieved 2011-05-06. 
  3. ^ "Doff your caps to Diamond". Navy News. 8 October 2010. Retrieved 2011-05-23. 
  4. ^ "Call Sign Book" (PDF). Combined Communication Electronics Board. Retrieved 2010-10-08. 
  5. ^ "World Shipping Register - Ship Index". Retrieved 2009-07-12. 
  6. ^ "Type 45 Destroyer". Royal Navy. Retrieved 2011-11-06. 
  7. ^ "HMS Daring". Wärtsilä. Retrieved 2011-08-01. 
  8. ^ MacDermid, Alan (2007-08-15). "Daring is mean, green and built for speed". The Herald. Retrieved 2007-08-15. 
  9. ^ "Raytheon Press Release" (PDF). 2006-03-08. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  10. ^ "Jane's Electro-Optic Systems". 2010-10-28. Retrieved 2011-08-21. 
  11. ^ "Air Defence Destroyer (T45)". Royal Navy. Retrieved 2007-11-20. [dead link]
  12. ^ a b "Navy’s newest ship will carry a poignant reminder of the past". Portsmouth News. 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2011-05-07. 
  13. ^ a b "HMS Diamond enters service". Ministry of Defence. 12 July 2011. Retrieved 12 July 2011. 
  14. ^ "Destroyer launches on Clyde". BBC. 2007-11-27. Retrieved 2007-11-27. 
  15. ^ "Diamond Enters Portsmouth Naval Base for First Time". RN. 22 September 201. Retrieved 24 September 2010. 
  16. ^ "HMS Diamond welcomed in Portsmouth with ceremony". BBC News (BBC). 6 May 2011. Retrieved 7 May 2011. 
  17. ^ http://www.royalnavy.mod.uk/The-Fleet/Ships/Destroyers/Type-45-Destroyers/HMS-Diamond
  18. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-hampshire-18279566
  19. ^ http://www.royalnavy.mod.uk/News-and-Events/Latest-News/2013/July/08/130708-HMS-Diamond-arrives-ready-for-training
  20. ^ a b Type 45 ("Daring" Class) Destroyer
  21. ^ HMS Dragon roars into life: Royal Navy's latest and most technologically advanced warship is launched
  22. ^ Harding, Thomas (2006-02-03). "New warship is 'quantum leap forward' for the Navy". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2007-03-10. 
  23. ^ a b MBDA - Aster PDF
  24. ^ a b c d e f g "HMS Diamond Affiliations - Royal Navy website". Retrieved 2011-04-21. 
  25. ^ "Give us our HMS Sheffield". Sheffield Star. Retrieved 2009-03-11. 
  26. ^ "Agenda of Meeting of Sheffield City Council, Wed 6 June 2007 (Article 10)". Sheffield City Council. Retrieved 2008-02-11. 
  27. ^ "Navy broadside for city ship bid". Sheffield Star. Retrieved 2009-03-11.