HMS Eagle (1679)

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For other ships of the same name, see HMS Eagle.
Career (Great Britain) Royal Navy Ensign
Name: HMS Eagle
Builder: Furzer, Portsmouth Dockyard
Launched: 1679
Fate: Wrecked, 22 October 1707
General characteristics as built[1]
Class & type: 70-gun third rate ship of the line
Tons burthen: 1,047 long tons (1,063.8 t)
Length: 156 ft 6 in (47.7 m) (gundeck)
Beam: 40 ft 6 in (12.3 m)
Depth of hold: 17 ft (5.2 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Full rigged ship
Armament: 70 guns of various weights of shot
General characteristics after 1699 rebuild[2]
Class & type: 70-gun third rate ship of the line
Tons burthen: 1,099 long tons (1,116.6 t)
Length: 156 ft 6 in (47.7 m) (gundeck)
Beam: 40 ft 8 in (12.4 m)
Depth of hold: 17 ft 3 in (5.3 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Full rigged ship
Armament: 70 guns of various weights of shot

HMS Eagle was a 70-gun third rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, launched at Portsmouth Dockyard in 1679.[1]

She underwent a rebuild at Chatham Dockyard in 1699, retaining her armament of 70 guns. She was captained by James Wishart and served at the Battle of Cadiz and the Battle of Vigo Bay in 1702[3] when there was a raid on Spanish silver.

Under the command of Captain Robert Hancock,[4] Eagle was lost with all hands off the Scilly Isles on 22 October 1707[2][5] when a disastrous navigational error sent Admiral Sir Cloudesley Shovell's fleet through dangerous reefs while on their way from Gibraltar to Portsmouth. Four ships (Eagle, Association, Firebrand and Romney) were lost, with nearly 2,000[6] sailors. The Scilly naval disaster was one of the greatest maritime disasters in British history. It was largely as a result of this disaster that the Board of the Admiralty instituted a competition for a more precise method to determine longitude.

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  • Lavery, Brian (2003) The Ship of the Line - Volume 1: The development of the battlefleet 1650-1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8.
  • Michael Phillips. Eagle (70) (1679). Michael Phillips' Ships of the Old Navy. Retrieved 7 November 2008.