HMS Eclipse (1807)

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For other ships of the same name, see HMS Eclipse.
Career (UK) Royal Navy Ensign
Name: HMS Eclipse
Ordered: 1 October 1806
Builder: Thomas King, Dover
Laid down: December 1806
Launched: 4 August 1807
Fate: Sold for breaking up on 31 August 1817
Career (United Kingdom)
Name: Eclipse
Owner: Various
Acquired: 1815 by purchase
Fate: Leaves lists c.1838
General characteristics [1]
Class & type: 18-gun Cruizer-class brig-sloop
Tons burthen: 384 2694 (bm)
Length: 100 ft 0 in (30.5 m) (gundeck)
77 ft 2 78 in (23.5 m) (keel)
Beam: 30 ft 7 in (9.3 m)
Depth of hold: 12 ft 9 in (3.9 m)
Sail plan: Brig
Armament: 16 × 32-pounder carronades
2 × 6-pounder chase guns

HMS Eclipse was a Royal Navy Cruizer-class brig-sloop built by John King at Dover and launched in 1807.[1] She served off Portugal and then in the Indian Ocean at the capture of the Île de France. Shortly thereafter she captured Tamatave. She was sold for mercantile service in 1815. She then continued to trade until 1833.

Service[edit]

Eclipse entered service in September 1807 under Commander John Douglas. In December Captain George A. Creyke took command immediately sailed her for the Portuguese coast on 2 January 1808,.[1] There Eclipse observed the seizure of Oporto by the French and the subsequent uprising that led to the First Battle of Oporto.[2] Creyke rescued several of the French administrators from death at the hands of the populace by taking the administrators prisoner. He also mounted cannon on a Brazilian ship in the harbour to create a floating battery, under a British officer, to defend a bridge, should the French advance.[3]

On 26 February 1808 Eclipse was in company with Blossom when they captured the Sally and Hetty, William Fleming, Master.[4] Then on 3 March Eclipse sailed for the Leeward Islands.[1] On 7 March Nymphe, with Eclipse and Blossom in company, captured the Hetty.[5]

On 29 May 1808 she captured the American ship Romeo.[6] It is not clear on what grounds she seized the American vessel, but prize money was awarded.

On 6 February 1810 she recaptured Unanimity.[7] That same day, she and Dryad also recaptured Dobridge and Hercules.[8] Hercules, Duncan, master, which had been sailing from Malta to London when she was captured on 3 February, came into Plymouth on 8 February.[9]

Command then passed to George Henderson who sailed Eclipse to the Indian Ocean, leaving on 16 June. There she joined the squadron that successfully prepared and launched the Invasion of Île de France in December 1810. Henderson was subsequently promoted to command the frigate Nereide, and Eclipse remained in the Indian Ocean. From December on she was under the command of Commander Henry Lynne.[Note 1][1]

On 18 February 1811 Eclipse, with a detachment of British troops of the 22nd Regiment and Bourbon rifle corps, took first Tamatave and then Foule Point, the last French settlements on the east coast of Madagascar.[10] Somewhere around this time she reportedly captured a French letter of marque brig with dispatches. In 1811 she also captured the Maria Louisa, and recaptured the Donna Emilia, with Racehorse in company.[11]

By March Eclipse was under the command of Commander W. Steed.[12] By agreement, Eclipse and Nisus shared in the prize money for the capture of the Renommée on 20 May 1811 at the Battle of Tamatave, and one week later of the Néréide.[13]

On 5 January 1812 Eclipse, again with Racehorse in company, took the lugger Eliza with 145 slaves, which she sent to the Cape of Good Hope.[14][15] Around February Harpy arrived from the Cape of Good Hope to relieve Eclipse.

On 9 September 1812 Eclipse arrived in Portsmouth from the Cape of Good Hope. She sailed for the Leeward Islands on 6 February 1813.[1] There she captured the American brig Olive Branch, of Connecticut, and sent her into St Vincents.[16]

Eclipse was in company with Swaggerer when, on 13 March 1814, they captured the brigantine Admiral Martin, which they sent in to Antigua.[17]

Fate[edit]

In 1815 Eclipse was laid up at Woolwich. On 24 January the Admiralty offered her for sale and on 31 August she was sold there for ₤1,400 for mercantile use.[1][18]

Commercial service[edit]

Lloyd's Register for 1818 shows an Eclipse, Dover-built, 11 years old, and 391 tons (bm). This vessel continues in commercial service for a number of years. The last year for this vessel is 1833. In 1834 there is an abbreviated entry for an Eclipse, of London, of 401 tons (bm). This listing continues until 1838. That is the last mention of the vessel. After 1838, Lloyd's Register only carried vessels that had been surveyed.

Year Master Owner Trade Notes
1818 Burford Burford London & Bengal
1819 Winter, Stewart Burford London & Bengal
1820 C. Stewart M. Boyd London & India
1824 Duncan Bennett & Co. London & South Seas
1825 No entry
1826 No entry
1827 J. Duncan Bennett & Co. London & South Seas
1830 J. Duncan Bennett & Co. London & South Seas
1833 J. King Bennett & Co. London & South Seas
1834 J. King Port: London

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ On taking command he was an acting commander, but he was confirmed in the rank in April 1811.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Winfield (2008), p.298.
  2. ^ The London Gazette: no. 16161. pp. 963–964. 9 July 1808.
  3. ^ The Edinburgh annual register, Volume 1, p.146-7.
  4. ^ The London Gazette: no. 16332. p. 63. 9 January 1810.
  5. ^ The London Gazette: no. 16355. p. 468. 27 March 1810.
  6. ^ The London Gazette: no. 16311. p. 1741. 31 October 1809.
  7. ^ The London Gazette: no. 16369. p. 698. 12 May 1810.
  8. ^ The London Gazette: no. 16380. p. 905. 19 June 1810.
  9. ^ Lloyd's List, 13 February 1810[1] - accessed 23 November 2013.
  10. ^ Norie (1842), p.271.
  11. ^ The London Gazette: no. 16755. p. 1435. 20 July 1813.
  12. ^ Reid (1838), pp.232-9.
  13. ^ The London Gazette: no. 16710. p. 511. 9 March 1813.
  14. ^ Metropolitan Trust Company (London, England). Report of the directors, Volumes 6-9, p.39.
  15. ^ The London Gazette: no. 17769. p. 2346. 1 December 1821.
  16. ^ Lloyd's List, 2 July 1813[2] - accessed 23 November 2013.
  17. ^ The London Gazette: no. 16940. p. 1947. 27 September 1814. Retrieved 30 January 2011.
  18. ^ The London Gazette: no. 16979. p. 152. 28 January 1815.
  • Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2006) [1969]. Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8. OCLC 67375475. 
  • Lyon, David and Winfield, Rif, The Sail and Steam Navy List, All the Ships of the Royal Navy 1815-1889, pub Chatham, 2004, ISBN 1-86176-032-9
  • Norie, John William (1842) The naval gazetteer, biographer and chronologist; containing a history of the late wars from ... 1793 to ... 1801; and from ... 1803 to 1815, and continued, as to the biographical part to the present time. (London, C. Wilson).
  • Reid, Sir William (1838) An attempt to develop the law of storms by means of facts: arranged according to place and time; and hence to point out a cause for the variable winds, with the view to practical use in navigation. (London: J. Weale).
  • Winfield, Rif (2008). British Warships in the Age of Sail 1793–1817: Design, Construction, Careers and Fates. Seaforth. ISBN 1-86176-246-1.