HMS Eclipse (H08)

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For other ships of the same name, see HMS Eclipse.
HMS Eclipse WWII IWM FL 11548.jpg
Eclipse during World War II
Career (UK)
Name: HMS Eclipse
Namesake: Eclipse
Ordered: 1 November 1932
Builder: William Denny and Brothers, Dumbarton
Cost: £246,664
Laid down: 22 March 1933
Launched: 12 April 1934
Completed: 29 November 1934
Identification: Pennant number: H08
Motto: Nunquan
("Never eclipsed")
Honours and
awards:
Battle honours:
Norway 1940
Arctic 1942-42
Sicily 1943
Atlantic 1943
Salerno 1943
Aegean 1943
Fate: Sunk by a mine, 24 October 1943
Badge: On a Field Blue, the Earth Black over a sun Gold.
General characteristics
Class & type: E-class destroyer
Displacement: 1,350–1,405 long tons (1,372–1,428 t) standard
1,886–1,940 long tons (1,916–1,971 t) full load
Length: 329 ft (100 m) o/a
318 ft 3 in (97.00 m) p/p
Beam: 33 ft 3 in (10.13 m)
Draught: 12 ft 6 in (3.81 m)
Propulsion: 3 Admiralty 3-drum boilers
300 psi (2,100 kPa), 620 °F
2 shaft Parsons geared turbines
36,000 shp (26,845 kW)
Speed: 26 knots (48 km/h; 30 mph)
Range: 6,000 nmi (11,000 km; 6,900 mi) at 15 kn (28 km/h; 17 mph)
Endurance: 471 tons fuel oil
Complement: 145 (173 in 1942)
Armament: • 4 × 4.7 inch/45 (120 mm) Mk XVIII (4×1)
• 8 × Vickers .50 machine guns (2×4)
• 5 × .303 inch machine guns (5×1)
• 8 × 21 inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes (2×4)
• 2 × depth charge racks
• 60 depth charges
1940 :
• 4 × 21 inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes replaced by
• 1 × 3 in (76.2 mm)/50 and 2 × 20 mm Oerlikon (2×1)

HMS Eclipse was an E-class destroyer of the Royal Navy that saw service in the Atlantic, Arctic, and Mediterranean theatres during World War II, until sunk by a mine in the Aegean Sea on 24 October 1943.[1]

Service history[edit]

From 12 April 1941 Eclipse was refitted at Devonport Dockyard, sailing in early June to rejoin the 3rd Destroyer Flotilla. On 25 June she was deployed to protect the ships of the 1st Minelaying Squadron during a minelay in the Northern Barrage, replacing the destroyer Brighton, which had been damaged in a collision with the cruiser Kenya. At the end of July she was part of the destroyer screen of Force P—the carriers Furious and Victorious, and the cruisers Devonshire and Suffolk—during the raid on Kirkenes and Petsamo (Operation EF).[1]

Operation Gauntlet[edit]

In mid-August Eclipse and five other destroyers were deployed as the screen for the cruisers Aurora and Nigeria, as they escorted the troopship Empress of Canada and the auxiliary tanker RFA Oligarch to Spitsbergen in Operation Gauntlet. Canadian troops landed to destroy mining equipment and two radio stations, while Norwegian and Russian civilians were evacuated.[1]

Operation Gearbox[edit]

Eclipse remained on screening duty from June to August, transferring to the 8th Destroyer Flotilla in July. In September she was deployed with the destroyers HMS Amazon, HMS Bulldog, HMS Echo and HMS Venomous as the screen for the cruisers HMS Cumberland and HMS Sheffield to establish a refuelling facility at Lowe Sound, Spitsbergen, and re-supply the garrison there (Operation Gearbox).

She then refitted at a shipyard on the Humber River before rejoining the Flotilla at Scapa Flow on 20 November.[1]

Demise[edit]

On October 24, 1943 Eclipse hit a mine east off Kalymnos in position 37°01′N 27°11′E / 37.017°N 27.183°E / 37.017; 27.183Coordinates: 37°01′N 27°11′E / 37.017°N 27.183°E / 37.017; 27.183. She broke in two and sank within five minutes with the loss of 119 of the ship's company and 134 soldiers (from A Company, 4th Battalion, Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment)).[1]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "HMS Eclipse, destroyer". naval-history.net. Retrieved 23 January 2011. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • English, John (1993). Amazon to Ivanhoe: British Standard Destroyers of the 1930s. Kendal, England: World Ship Society. ISBN 0-905617-64-9. 
  • Rohwer, Jürgen (2005). Chronology of the War at Sea 1939-1945: The Naval History of World War Two (Third Revised ed.). Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-59114-119-2. 
  • Shores, Christopher; Cull, Brian and Malizia, Nicola (1987). Air War for Yugoslavia, Greece, and Crete. London: Grub Street. ISBN 0-948817-07-0. 
  • Whitley, M. J. (1988). Destroyers of World War Two. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-326-1. 

External links[edit]