HMS Edinburgh (D97)

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For other ships of the same name, see HMS Edinburgh.
HMS Edinburgh Falklands.jpg
HMS Edinburgh, on patrol near the Falkland Islands.
Career (UK)
Name: HMS Edinburgh
Operator: Royal Navy
Builder: Cammell Laird
Laid down: 8 September 1980
Launched: 14 April 1983
Sponsored by: Lady Ann Heseltine; wife of then Secretary of State for Defence, Michael Heseltine (now Baron Heseltine, of Thenford in the County of Northamptonshire)
Commissioned: 17 December 1985
Decommissioned: 6 June 2013
Homeport: HMNB Portsmouth
Identification: Pennant number: D97
Deck code: EB
International callsign: GBBE[1]
Nickname: "Fortress of the Sea"[2]
Status: Awaiting disposal
Badge: On a Field White, upon a mount of rock in base Proper, a castle, triple turreted, mason White. The flags, windows and portcullis Red.
HMS Edinburgh badge.jpg
General characteristics
Class & type: Type 42 destroyer
Displacement: 5,200 tonnes
Length: 141 m (463 ft)
Beam: 15.2 m (50 ft)
Propulsion: COGOG (Combined Gas or Gas) turbines, 2 x Olympus, 2 x Tyne, 2 shafts
2 turbines producing 36 MW (48,000 hp)
Speed: 30 kn (56 km/h; 35 mph)
Complement: 269[3]
Armament:
Aircraft carried: Lynx Mk 8 SRU armed with:
  • 3 × anti ship missiles
  • 2 × anti submarine torpedoes

HMS Edinburgh was a Type 42 (Batch 3) destroyer of the Royal Navy. Edinburgh was built by Cammell Laird of Birkenhead. She was launched on 14 April 1983 and commissioned on 17 December 1985. The largest of the Type 42 destroyers, Edinburgh was known as the "Fortress of the Sea". Edinburgh was the last of the Type 42 destroyer to serve in the Royal Navy and was decommissioned on 6 June 2013.[4][5]

Distinctive appearance[edit]

Edinburgh's distinctive forecastle

Edinburgh was readily distinguished by her distinctively different forecastle. When it was decided to fit the Phalanx CIWS to this class of warships, it was intended that the Edinburgh should carry a single CIWS unit, mounted forward between her 4.5" gun and the Sea Dart launcher. To this end, her breakwaters were enlarged and she was fitted with a raised bulwark, very like those carried on the Type 22 frigates.

This location proved to be an unsuitably wet one for the Phalanx system despite the modifications to this warship, and Edinburgh was later fitted with a pair of wing-mounted CIWS as carried by the other ships of the class, but she retains her distinctive bulwark and enlarged breakwaters.

Edinburgh also differed from some ships of her class in carrying her badges flush to the funnel sides rather than on the funnel wing platforms.[citation needed]

Operations[edit]

1990-2001[edit]

In 1990, Edinburgh completed a refit, which included the fitting of the Phalanx Close-in weapon system (CIWS). In 1994, Edinburgh was present at a Fleet Review to celebrate the 50th Anniversary of the D-Day landings in 1944. In 1998, Edinburgh deployed to the South Atlantic, where she patrolled the waters around the Falkland Islands, as well as making 'fly-the-flag' visits to various South American ports.

2002-2010[edit]

HMS Edinburgh, Portsmouth, 2004.
HMS Edinburgh Cape Town, 2006.
Edinburgh at Mahon, Minorca, July 2008.

On 27 September 2002, Edinburgh sailed into the River Mersey to escort the yachts at the end of the Clipper Round the World Yacht Race.[6]

In January 2003, Edinburgh deployed to the Persian Gulf and subsequently took part in the Second Gulf War against the dictator Saddam Hussein. While there, Edinburgh performed a variety of tasks, which included supporting the Royal Marines ashore, as well as being escort to the helicopter carrier Ocean. She returned to her home base at Portsmouth in May. In April 2004, Edinburgh deployed to the Mediterranean, where she first joined Standing Naval Force Mediterranean (STANAVFORMED), and while there she took part in Operation Active Endeavour, designed to monitor sea lanes as part of the War on Terror.

On her return to the UK, Edinburgh went into an extensive refit in Rosyth. She left Rosyth in September 2005 to conduct trials to ensure that she was materially up to operational standard before conducting operational sea training in the New Year. Edinburgh then took part in Exercise Neptune Warrior off the coast of Scotland; conducted a High Seas Firing of her Sea Dart missile system and then took part in the multi-national BALTOPS exercise in the Baltic Sea. The time in the Baltic included visits to Sweden, Germany and Estonia. During the visit to Estonia, Edinburgh took part in the naval parade celebrating an Estonian national holiday. The day prior to the parade, the destroyer rammed into the newly built dock on the island of Saaremaa when trying to dock. This led to a rather large hole in the upper part of the bow well above the waterline.[citation needed]

Edinburgh was deployed to the Middle and Far East from February until late July 2008 as part of Orion 2008, including a visit to Singapore and operations in the Gulf, during which she took part in an interception of a drugs cargo.[citation needed]

2010 refit[edit]

Edinburgh became the last Type 42 destroyer to undergo a refit when she entered dry dock on 25 January 2010 at BAE Systems Surface Ships shipyard in Portsmouth Naval Base for work to keep the ship in service until 2013.[7]

Under a £17.5 million contract, the company refurbished the destroyer's weapons and communications systems, added a transom flap to the stern and applied a coat of International Paint's Intersleek 900 foul-release paint. The refit included a renewal of crew living quarters, catering facilities and laundry equipment. Edinburgh '​s four Rolls-Royce gas turbine engines were removed; with two being replaced by new units (starboard Olympus TM3B and port Tyne RM1C). In a company statement on 18 January 2010, BAE Systems said that the modifications would cut fuel consumption by 15 per cent.

Edinburgh emerged from refit in September 2010 to undergo sea trials that include testing the ship's propulsion machinery, radar and communication equipment, as well as her ability to conduct flying operations. Edinburgh '​s signatures were assessed for radar cross section, heat, magnetic and acoustics before trials culminating in live firings of medium and close range weapons.[8] The ship was formally accepted back into the fleet in late October 2010, followed by a rededication ceremony in early November.[citation needed]

2011-2013[edit]

HMS Edinburgh being towed under Tower Bridge on a visit to London just prior to decommissioning.
HMS Edinburgh with HMS Defender and HMS Duncan at Portsmouth, 1st June 2013

In April 2011 Edinburgh successfully completed Sea-Dart missile firing trials.[9] May 2011 saw the ship begin an eight-month deployment visiting the Cape Verde and Falkland Islands.[2] On 13 April 2012 Edinburgh fired the last ever operational Sea Dart missiles after a thirty year career. The last two remaining Type 42s, HMS York (D98) and Edinburgh completed their careers without the system being operational.[10]

On 7 May 2013 Edinburgh arrived in the Pool of London, at the start of a farewell tour of Great Britain.[11] She called at Edinburgh from 15 to 21 May, followed by Cammell Laird Birkenhead, where she was built.[12] Her final call on the tour was Lyme Regis on 29 May,[13] prior to sailing for Portsmouth for decommissioning. She arrived in Portsmouth on 31 May[14] and was open to the public there on 1 and 2 June.[15] She was decommissioned on 6 June.[16]

Save HMS Edinburgh Campaign[edit]

In May 2013 a campaign was launched[17][18] to bring the last of the RN's fourteen Type 42 Destroyers to the Port of Leith in Edinburgh and make her into a museum. The campaign is gathering public, political and business support and feasibility studies are currently being done.[19][20]

Leith is already home to HMY Britannia, SS Explorer and the Trinity House Maritime Museum.[21]

The campaign has also received recent support from the charitable trust that looks after the Royal Yacht Britannia.[22]


Affiliations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Royal Navy Bridge Card, February 2009". Retrieved 2009-06-20. [not in citation given]
  2. ^ a b "Royal Navy investigating death of female officer on ship". BBC News. 22 June 2011. Retrieved 2012-05-20. 
  3. ^ Royal Navy (11 July 2013). "A Global Force 2012/13" (pdf). Newsdesk Media. ISBN 978-1-906940-75-1.  Complement as of 24 April 2013
  4. ^ "Royal Navy's HMS York makes final Portsmouth return". BBC News. 20 September 2012. Retrieved 2012-09-22. 
  5. ^ "End of an era as HMS Edinburgh returns from Atlantic deployment". Royal Navy. 28 March 2013. Retrieved 30 March 2013. 
  6. ^ "Clipper returns". BBC Liverpool. Retrieved 2008-02-08. 
  7. ^ "HMS Edinburgh enters final refit". Retrieved 2010-01-25. [not in citation given]
  8. ^ "Fortress of the Sea returns to the waves". Retrieved 2010-09-21. [dead link]
  9. ^ "Title unknown". [dead link]
  10. ^ "HMS Edinburgh Fires Final Sea Dart Missiles". Retrieved 2012-05-20. 
  11. ^ https://www.gov.uk/government/news/warships-in-london-for-battle-of-atlantic-commemorations
  12. ^ http://www.scotsman.com/edinburgh-evening-news/latest-news/sailors-say-goodbye-to-hms-edinburgh-1-2936190
  13. ^ http://www.bridportnews.co.uk/news/10452187.HMS_Edinburgh_warship_pays_a_surprise_visit_to_Lyme_Regis/
  14. ^ "HMS Edinburgh in final return to Portsmouth". BBC News. 31 May 2013. 
  15. ^ https://www.royalnavy.mod.uk/News-and-Events/Special-Events/Events-Calendar/Ships/130601-Edinburgh-open-to-the-public
  16. ^ http://www.royalnavy.mod.uk/News-and-Events/Latest-News/2013/May/29/130529-HMS-Edinburgh-returns
  17. ^ http://www.scotsman.com/edinburgh-evening-news/latest-news/hms-edinburgh-museum-petition-launched-1-2951695
  18. ^ http://epetitions.direct.gov.uk/petitions/50317
  19. ^ "HMS Edinburgh: Bid to bring destroyer back to city as tourist attraction". BBC News. 20 June 2013. 
  20. ^ http://www.edinburgh.gov.uk/blog/lordprovostsblog/post/647/bidding-to-bring-hms-edinburgh-home
  21. ^ http://www.trinityhouseleith.org.uk
  22. ^ http://www.edinburghnews.scotsman.com/news/hms-edinburgh-plan-backed-by-britannia-chiefs-1-3184925

External links[edit]