HMS Essex (1653)

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For other ships of the same name, see HMS Essex.
Career (England) Royal Navy Ensign
Name: HMS Essex
Builder: Phineas Pett II, Deptford Dockyard
Launched: 1653
Honours and

Participated in:

Captured: 14 June 1666, by the Dutch
Career (Dutch Republic) Dutch Navy Ensign
Acquired: 14 June 1666
General characteristics [1]
Class & type: Speaker-class frigate
Tons burthen: 652 long tons (662.5 t)
Length: 118 ft (36.0 m) (keel)
Beam: 32 ft 3 in (9.8 m)
Depth of hold: 14 ft (4.3 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Full rigged ship
Armament: 48 guns (at launch); 60 guns (1666)

HMS Essex was a 48-gun third rate Speaker-class frigate built for the navy of the Commonwealth of England by Phineas Pett II at Deptford, and launched in 1653.[1]

Between 1 June and 4 June (by the Julian Calendar) 1666 Essex fought at the Four Days Battle. On the final day of the engagement, she was captured by the Dutch.[1] By the time of the battle, Essex's armament had been increased to 60 guns.


  1. ^ a b c Lavery, Ships of the Line vol.1, p159.


  • Lavery, Brian (2003) The Ship of the Line - Volume 1: The development of the battlefleet 1650-1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8.