HMS Exeter (D89)
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|Career (United Kingdom)|
|Builder:||Swan Hunter, Tyne and Wear, United Kingdom|
|Laid down:||22 July 1976|
|Launched:||25 April 1978|
|Sponsored by:||Lady Joan Mulley|
|Commissioned:||19 September 1980|
|Decommissioned:||27 May 2009|
|Identification:||Pennant number: D89|
|Motto:||Semper Fidelis ("Always faithful")|
|Falkland Islands 1982 and Kuwait 1991.|
|Class and type:||Type 42 destroyer|
|Length:||125 metres (410 ft)|
|Beam:||14.3 metres (47 ft)|
|Propulsion:||COGOG (Combined Gas or Gas) turbines, 2 shafts
2 turbines producing 36 MW
|Speed:||28.7 knots (53.2 km/h; 33.0 mph)|
|Armament:||Sea Dart missiles (removed as of November 2007)
4.5 in (114 mm) Mk 8 gun
|Aircraft carried:||Lynx HMA8|
Design and construction
Exeter was the first of the slightly modified 'Batch 2' Type 42 destroyers. This was a mid-build consideration with her later sister ship, Southampton, sporting a similar weapons and sensors upgrade with no discernible hull modifications. The weapons and sensors fit was the first grouping of the 1022, 992Q and 1006 radars in a British warship.
The ship was built by Swan Hunter, and commissioned into the Royal Navy on 19 September 1980. During 1981 the RN Flagship HMS London, fired the last Mk 1 Sea Slug missiles to allow HMS Exeter's new radars to fully integrate and align the far superior Sea Dart missile against, high and low missile targets.
Early in her first commission, Exeter had a turquoise hull on and below the waterline; this was an experimental co-polymer paint which was only available in a few non-standard colours at the time. The light-blue 'boot topping' visible on the waterline was eventually repainted to standard brick red/black during her first docking period, after the Falklands War.
The ship saw service in the Falklands War, deploying from the Caribbean after the loss of Sheffield. During the conflict, Exeter shot down three Argentine aircraft (two A-4C Skyhawks on 30 May, and a Learjet 35A on 7 June: all with Sea Dart missiles). She may also have shot down an Exocet missile on 30 May, the original 1982 claim that it was taken by a 4.5" shell from a Type 21 frigate appearing oversold.
Exeter also served in Operation Granby during the 1991 Gulf War, under the command of Captain Nigel Essenhigh. Among her roles was the air defence of the US battleships bombarding enemy positions.
In autumn 1998 she emerged from a major refit in Rosyth dockyard. After post refit trials she undertook Operational Sea Training in the spring of 1999 and a Joint Maritime Course with Sea Dart high seas firings in June of that year. September 1999 saw her deploy on Armilla patrol. She was alongside in Dubai for the Millennium and remained on station until relieved by a large Task Group lead by HMS Illustrious in February 2000, arriving back at Portsmouth the following month.
One of her last jobs (still being fully ship in commission) was for advertising purposes. On 27 May 2008, the day before Devil May Care was launched, the press party to publicise the launch of the book included Tuuli Shipster bringing copies up the Thames on a speedboat for a party on HMS Exeter, while two Lynx helicopters circled the ship. The ship, together with its 205-strong crew, had been loaned by the Royal Navy for the occasion.
On 30 July 2008, she was placed in a state of 'extended readiness' at HMNB Portsmouth, until being decommissioned there on 27 May 2009. In early 2010, Exeter was in use as a training hulk to assist with the training of new naval base tugs. She was put up for sale by auction on 28 March 2011 and finally towed away to be scrapped at Leyal Ship Recycling in Turkey on 23 September 2011, provoking some criticism from former crew members who were upset that the Ministry of Defence had apparently failed to inform them of the ship's fate.
|1980||1984||Commander Christopher Clay RN|
|1989||1991||Captain Nigel Essenhigh RN|
|1998||2000||Commander Paul Bennett RN|
|2000||2002||Commander Chris Richards RN|
- HMS Exeter: last Falklands ship retires from service
- "Flash Traffic: Falklands Veteran Goes for Scrap". The Navy (Navy League of Australia) 74 (1): 19. January 2012. ISSN 1322-6231.
- "Argentine Aircraft Lost". Falklands War 1982. NavalHistory.net. Retrieved 10 January 2012.
- Lawless, Jill (27 May 2008). "James Bond returns in Devil May Care". The Associated Press.
- Faulks, Sebastian (28 May 2008). "Notebook: This is one James Bond case that I couldn't crack". The Daily Telegraph (London). p. 24.
- "Carrier HMS Ark Royal put up for auction on MoD website". BBC News. 28 March 2011. Retrieved 31 March 2011.
- "HMS Exeter’s quiet exit angers Falklands vets". The News. 24 September 2011. Retrieved 8 October 2011.
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