HMS Fittleton (M1136)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Career (United Kingdom)
Name: HMS Fittleton
Namesake: Fittleton, Wiltshire
Builder: J. Samuel White, Southampton
Laid down: 15 September 1952[1]
Launched: 5 February 1954
Renamed: HMS Curzon between 1960 to 1975
Fate: Sunk in collision with HMS Mermaid on 20 September 1976
Raised and sold for scrapping
General characteristics
Class & type: Ton-class minesweeper
Displacement: 440 tons
Length: 152 ft (46.3 m)
Beam: 28 ft (8.5 m)
Draught: 8 ft (2.4 m)
Propulsion: Originally Mirrlees diesel, later Napier Deltic, producing 3,000 shp (2,200 kW) on each of two shafts
Speed: 15 knots (28 km/h)
Armament: 1x Bofors 40 mm gun
1x Oerlikon 20 mm cannon
1x M2 Browning machine gun

HMS Fittleton was a wooden-hulled Ton class minesweeper of the Royal Navy which spent most of her career in the Royal Naval Reserve. She was sunk in a collision with HMS Mermaid on 20 September 1976 whilst en route to Hamburg for an official visit. Twelve volunteer Royal Naval Reserve personnel lost their lives making this the worst peacetime accident involving the Royal Naval Reserve.

History[edit]

Fittleton was part of the Reserve Fleet based at Hythe in 1955 until 1959. In March 1959 she had her Mirrlee engines replaced with Napier Deltic engines at Portsmouth prior to being commissioned into the Royal Naval Reserve as HMS Curzon on 16 November 1960, replacing HMS Bickington and docked at Maxwell's Wharf Shoreham home of Sussex Division RNR. She was refitted in January–May 1965 and again in January–May 1967, both at Chatham Dockyard.[1]

She was renamed HMS Fittleton on 1 January 1976 and reassigned to the Channel Group of the Royal Naval Reserve.[1]

Sinking[edit]

Regularly manned by a combination of Sussex and London Division RNR personnel (HMS President), she sailed from Shoreham on 11 September 1976 with a crew largely drawn from London Division RNR to take part in Operation Teamwork, a NATO exercise in the North Sea. Following the exercise, on 20 September the ship proceeded in company with six other British minesweepers towards Hamburg for a three-day official visit to the port after which she was to return to Shoreham. She was detailed to carry out a mail transfer with HMS Mermaid, a considerably larger ship at five times the displacement, 80 miles (130 km) north of the island of Texel in the North Sea.[1] This required HMS Fittleton to steam close behind and to the side of Mermaid at abuot 3:30pm to pick up a line.

Fittleton was caught in a low pressure area that exists near to the hull of a ship underway and was drawn close to the frigate HMS Mermaid by hydrodynamic forces. A minor collision ensued and the Fittleton moved forward to try and exit the situation but instead was hit amidships by the bow of the much larger HMS Mermaid and turned over within a minute. 32 survivors were picked from the sea and the upturned hull by the accompanying ships[1] and German and Dutch vessels joined Royal Navy ships in searching for survivors with divers going into the floating upturned hull. Attempts to keep Fittleton afloat by passing minesweeping cables underneath her propellor shafts failed when the lines parted.[1] The ship sank several hours later, between 9 and 10 pm, in 160 feet (49 m) of water.[1]

Aftermath[edit]

The following day, 21 September 1976, a marine crane. Magnus[1] lifted the wreck of the Fittleton from the seabed and the ship was taken to Den Helder in the Netherlands where the ship was made watertight and she was then towed back to Chatham Dockyard. Five bodies were found on the ship but seven were missing presumed drowned.

Naval police were called in when the ship arrived at Chatham on 11 October to investigate the theft of cash following the salvage of the vessel. Fittleton's crew had been paid just an hour before the sinking, with seamen receiving £50 or £87 depending upon rank and large amounts of sodden money were scattered around the wreck when it was raised. However when the ship reached Chatham only £174 could be found, and six of the 10 wallets also recovered were found to be empty.[1]

Fittleton was sold to Liguria Maritime Ltd for scrapping[1] and scrapped the following year. HMS Mermaid was later sold to the Malaysian Navy. An enquiry into the disaster took place between 24 September 1976 and 13 October 1976,[2] and the full report was made public in 2005 under the Thirty-year rule.[2] A memorial window was commissioned for the church at Fittleton in Wiltshire.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "In Memoriam HMS Fittleton". Ton Class Association. 
  2. ^ a b "Record of "Report of the Board of Inquiry into the capsizing and sinking of HMS FITTLETON, 20 September 1976"". National Archives. 

External links[edit]