HMS Frobisher (D81)
|Career (United Kingdom)|
|Namesake:||Sir Martin Frobisher|
|Laid down:||2 August 1916|
|Launched:||20 March 1920|
|Commissioned:||20 September 1924|
|Fate:||Sold for scrap 26 March 1949|
|Class and type:||Hawkins-class heavy cruiser|
|Displacement:||9,750 tons (standard)
12,190 tons (full load)
|Length:||565 ft (172 m) (p/p)
605 ft (184 m) (o/a)
|Beam:||58 ft (18 m) (65 ft across bulges)|
|Draught:||17.25 ft (5.26 m)(20.5 ft (6.2 m) ft full load)|
|Propulsion:||Ten Yarrow-type oil-fired water-tube boilers
Brown-Curtis geared steam turbines, Four shafts, 70,000 shp (52,200 kW)
|Speed:||31 knots (57.4 km/h)|
|Range:||5,400 nmi (10,000 km) at 14 knots (26 km/h)|
|Capacity:||2,186 tons oil fuel|
|Complement:||690 (standard), 800+ (wartime)|
Frobisher was commissioned on 20 September 1924, and entered service with the Mediterranean Fleet as flagship of the 1st Cruiser Squadron. She was temporarily detached to serve on the China Station in 1926. In 1927 Frobisher underwent a refit that replaced one 4-inch (102 mm) gun, which was re-sited between the funnels with a fourth gun, with a catapult and a crane. In 1929 another refit gave Frobisher oil-fired boilers, and she then joined the Atlantic Fleet. In November 1930 Frobisher was reduced to reserve before being converted to a cadet's Training Ship, in which role she served from 1932 until 1939. She was laid up in early 1939, until the outbreak of the Second World War. In January 1940 Frobisher started an extensive refit, that rearmed her with five 7.5-inch, and five 4-inch (102 mm) guns, and quadruple 2 pounder pom-pom and 19 20 mm Oerlikons.
Frobisher joined the 4th Cruiser Squadron of the Eastern Fleet in March 1942 and commenced operations in the Indian Ocean, escorting convoys around the African coast, spending brief periods in the Selborne dry dock at Simonstown, South Africa. Frobisher returned to the UK in March 1944. She was involved in Operation Neptune on 6 June as a member of Gunfire Bombardment Support Force D allocated to Sword Beach in the D-Day landings. In the course of that operation, she fired five rounds per minute with her hand-loaded 7.5-inch guns, and scored a direct hit on the Grand Bunker at Ouistreham. Later that month she was deployed as a depot ship for the motor torpedo boats covering the naval forces. In August, she and the repair ship HMAS Albatross were damaged by a long range German torpedo fired from E-boats in Seine Bay. Frobisher was subsequently partly disarmed and reconverted into a Cadet Training Ship. She was sold to John Cashmore Ltd for scrap on 26 March 1949 and arrived at their yard at Newport to be broken up on 11 May of that year.
- Whitley 1995 p.77
- Warship International, No. 1, 1997, p. 8 (Letter from D K Brown RCNC).
- British and Empire Warships of the Second World War, H T Lenton, Greenhill Books, ISBN 1-85367-277-7
- Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships, 1922–1946, Ed. Robert Gardiner, Naval Institute Press, ISBN 0-87021-913-8
- Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2006) . Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8. OCLC 67375475.
- Whitley, M. J., Cruisers of World War Two, Brockhampton Press, Great Britain: 1995. ISBN 1-86019-874-0
- Jane's Fighting Ships of World War One (1919), Jane's Publishing Company
- HMS Frobisher at U-boat.net
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