HMS Glasgow (D88)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other ships of the same name, see HMS Glasgow.
HMS Glasgow D88.jpg
HMS Glasgow
Career (United Kingdom) RN Ensign
Name: HMS Glasgow
Operator: Royal Navy
Builder: Swan Hunter, Tyne and Wear, United Kingdom
Laid down: 16 May 1974
Launched: 14 April 1976
Commissioned: 25 May 1977
Decommissioned: 1 February 2005
Identification: Pennant number: D88
Fate: Scrapped
General characteristics
Class & type: Type 42 destroyer
Displacement: 4,820 tonnes
Length: 125 m (410 ft)
Beam: 14.3 m (47 ft)
Draught: 5.8 m (19 ft)
Propulsion: COGOG (Combined Gas or Gas) turbines, 2 shafts
4 Rolls-Royce (2 Olympus TM3B and 2 Tyne) producing 36 MW
Speed: 30 knots (56 km/h; 35 mph)
Complement: 287
Armament: 2 × Sea Dart Surface-to-air missile launcher
1 × 4.5 inch (114 mm) Mk.8 gun
Aircraft carried: Lynx HMA8

HMS Glasgow was a Type 42 destroyer of the Royal Navy. The last of the Batch 1 Type 42 destoyers, Glasgow was commissioned in 1977. The destroyer fought during the Falklands War, and on 12 May 1982 was damaged by a bomb from an Argentine A-4 Skyhawk. Glasgow operated with the INTERFET peacekeeping taskforce in 1999, and was deployed on the Atlantic Patrol South tasking in 2004. The destroyer was decommissioned in 2005, and was broken up for scrap in 2009

Design and construction[edit]

She was built at Swan Hunter Shipyard in Wallsend, Tyneside and launched on 14 April 1976 by Lady Kirstie Treacher, wife of Admiral Sir John Treacher. With a displacement of 4,820 tonnes, Glasgow is the sixth and last Batch 1 Type 42 Destroyer in the Fleet. Named after the Scottish city of Glasgow, she is the eighth ship to bear the name. On 23 September 1976, while being fitted out, a fire on board killed eight men and injured a further six.

The ship was commissioned into the Royal Navy on 25 May 1977.

There is a more information and stories about HMS Glasgow[1] where further details of her Falklands exploits can be found.

Operational history[edit]

Falklands War[edit]

Glasgow was among five Type 42 destroyers sent as part of the Task Force sent to retake the Falkland Islands after invasion by Argentina in 1982. Armed with Sea Dart anti-aircraft missile system, Glasgow along with her sister ships, Sheffield and Coventry were among the first ships to arrive in a 200-nautical-mile (370 km; 230 mi) exclusion zone imposed by the British around the islands.

Glasgow saw early action in the war when, on 2 May, her Lynx helicopter badly damaged the Argentine naval vessel Alferez Sobral. On 4 May, Glasgow detected an Exocet missile fired at the Task Force and warned the fleet. However Sheffield failed to receive the warning and was hit, later sinking. Down to two Type 42s (Exeter and Cardiff would not arrive until the end of May), Glasgow and Coventry were left to long range defence of the fleet.

On 12 May, Glasgow and the Type 22 frigate Brilliant were on a "42-22" combo; Glasgow's Sea Dart long range missiles would complement Brilliant's short range Sea Wolf missiles on anti-aircraft attacks. The ships attracted the attention of the Argentine Air Force, and a wave of four A-4B Skyhawk jets of Grupo 5 attacked. Although Glasgow's Sea Dart system failed, Brilliant's Sea Wolf shot down 1st Lt Oscar Bustos (C-246) and Lt Jorge Ibarlucea (C-208), whilst Lt Mario Nivoli (C-206) crashed into the sea evading a missile. All three pilots died in the action.

When a second wave of Grupo 5 Skyhawks attacked, Brilliant Sea Wolf failed and the jets each released three bombs. One bomb from Skyhawk (C-248) piloted by Lt Gavazzi, damaged Glasgow, although it did not explode, passing clean through the aft engine room, damaging fuel systems and disabling the two Tyne cruise engines. On his returning flight, Lt Gavazzi was shot down by friendly fire over Goose Green and killed.

His bomb had hit the rear of the ship just above the waterline on the port side; the ship manoeuvered in a tight circle to keep the area exposed while damage control teams plugged the hole. The ship returned home in a reversionary propulsion mode and was repaired in Portsmouth dockyard, returning to the South Atlantic in August 1982, after the end of the war.[1]

Post-war[edit]

In later years, Glasgow served on a variety of missions. Glasgow came out of refit in 1989 which took place in Rosyth her base port .Whilst doing sea trials problems with propulsion system and radar meant she had to keep returning to port this was nicknamed a Bridge too Far as it was just under the Forth rail and road bridges she would turn around. 1990 saw her deploy stateside calling in New York and Toronto 1991 he deployed to the Gulf just after the war.1992wae a Med deployment on the first deployment of STANAVFORMED. Glasgow was deployed to East Timor as part of the Australian-led INTERFET peacekeeping taskforce from 19 to 29 September 1999.[2]

In early 2004, the ship was deployed on the Atlantic Patrol South tasking.

Decommissioning and fate[edit]

Glasgow leaving HMNB Portsmouth on tow to the breakers

It was announced in July 2004, as part of the Delivering Security in a Changing World review, that Glasgow would be decommissioned in January 2005. Glasgow was finally decommissioned on 1 February 2005. On 7 January 2009, the ship was towed to Turkey for breaking up.

Commanding Officers[edit]

From To Captain
1978 1979 Captain C R V Doe RN
1979 1980

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Falklands War 1982: HMS Glasgow"
  2. ^ Stevens, David (2007). Strength Through Diversity: The combined naval role in Operation Stabilise. Working Papers 20. Canberra: Sea Power Centre - Australia. p. 14. ISBN 978-0-642-29676-4. ISSN 1834-7231. Retrieved 6 September 2010. 

Publications[edit]