HMS Halsted (K556)

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For other ships of the same name, see HMS Halsted and USS Halsted.
Career
Name: unnamed (DE-91)
Ordered: 10 January 1942[1]
Builder: Bethlehem-Hingham Shipyard, Hingham, Massachusetts
Laid down: 28 July 1943[2]
Launched: 14 October 1943
Renamed: USS Russell (DE-91) 1943
Namesake: British name assigned in anticipation of transfer to United Kingdom
Renamed: USS Halsted (DE-91) 1943
Namesake: British name assigned in anticipation of transfer to United Kingdom
Completed: 3 November 1943
Fate: Transferred to United Kingdom 3 November 1943
Struck: 13 November 1944
Acquired: Nominally returned by United Kingdom 1946[3]
Fate: Sold for scrapping 1 November 1946[3] or 28 March 1947
Career (United Kingdom) Royal Navy Ensign
Class and type: Captain class frigate
Name: HMS Halsted (K556)
Namesake: Captain Sir Lawrence Halsted (1764-1841), commanding officer of HMS Namur at the Battle of Cape Ortegal in 1805
Acquired: 3 November 1943
Commissioned: 3 November 1943[1]
Fate: Declared constructive total loss after 11 June 1944
Nominally returned to U.S. Navy 1946[3]
General characteristics
Displacement: 1,400 tons
Length: 306 ft (93 m)
Beam: 36.75 ft (11.2 m)
Draught: 9 ft (2.7 m)
Propulsion: Two Foster-Wheeler Express "D"-type water-tube boilers
GE 13,500 shp (10,070 kW) steam turbines and generators (9,200 kW)
Electric motors for 12,000 shp (8,900 kW)
Two shafts
Speed: 24 knots (44 km/h)
Range: 5,500 nautical miles (10,200 km) at 15 knots (28 km/h)
Complement: 186
Sensors and
processing systems:
SA & SL type radars
Type 144 series Asdic
MF Direction Finding antenna
HF Direction Finding Type FH 4 antenna
Armament: 3 × 3 in (76 mm) /50 Mk.22 guns
1 x twin Bofors 40 mm mount Mk.I
7-16 x 20 mm Oerlikon guns
Mark 10 Hedgehog A/S projector
Depth charges
QF 2 pounder naval gun
Notes: Pennant number K556

HMS Halsted (K556), ex-Russell, was a Captain-class frigate of the Buckley class of destroyer escort, originally intended for the United States Navy. Before she was finished in 1943, she was transferred to the Royal Navy under the terms of Lend-Lease, and saw service from 1943 to 1944 during World War II.

Construction and transfer[edit]

The still-unnamed ship was laid down as the U.S. Navy destroyer escort DE-91 by Bethlehem-Hingham Shipyard, Inc., in Hingham, Massachusetts, on 28 July 1943[2] and was launched on 14 October 1943. She was allocated to the United Kingdom and received the British name Russell, but the British soon changed her name to Halsted (sometimes spelled Halstead).[2] She was transferred to the United Kingdom upon completion on 3 November 1943.[2]

Service history[edit]

Commissioned into service in the Royal Navy as HMS Halsted (K556) on 3 November 1943 simultaneously with her transfer, the ship served on patrol and escort duty. On 11 June 1944, she was operating in the English Channel off Cherbourg, France, when German S-boats – known to the Allies as "E-boats" – and the torpedo boats Jaguar and Möwe of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine‍ '​s 5th Torpedo Flotilla attacked her at about 0200. One torpedo struck her forward of her bridge, blowing off most of her bow and damaging her beyond economical repair.[4][5]

Halsted was declared a constructive total loss and, instead of being returned to the U.S. Navy, was retained by the Royal Navy for spare parts.

Disposal[edit]

The U.S. Navy struck Halsted from its Naval Vessel Register on 13 November 1944. The Royal Navy nominally returned her to the U.S. Navy in 1946.[3] She was sold to a Dutch firm for scrapping on either 1 November 1946[3] or 28 March 1947[2] (sources vary) and was scrapped in the Netherlands.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b HMS Halstead (K 566)
  2. ^ a b c d e Navsource Online: Destroyer Escort Photo Archive Reynolds (DE-91) HMS Halsted (K-556)
  3. ^ a b c d e Colledge, J. J., Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of All Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy From the Fifteenth Century to the Present, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1987, ISBN 0-87021-652-X, p. 161.
  4. ^ a b Captain-Class Frigate Association HMS Halstead (K 556)
  5. ^ hmscavalier.org HMS Halstead (K556)

External links[edit]