HMS Havock (1893)
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|Ordered:||2 July 1892|
|Builder:||Yarrow & Company, Cubitt Town, London|
|Laid down:||1 July 1892|
|Launched:||12 August 1893|
|Out of service:||1911|
|Fate:||Sold in May 1912|
|Class & type:||Havock-class destroyer|
|Displacement:||240 long tons (244 t) light
275 long tons (279 t) full load
|Length:||185 ft (56.4 m) oa
180 ft (54.9 m) pp
|Beam:||18 ft 6 in (5.64 m)|
|Draught:||7 ft 6 in (2.29 m)|
|Installed power:||c. 3,700 ihp (2,800 kW)|
|Range:||3,000 nautical miles (5,600 km)|
HMS Havock was a Havock-class torpedo boat destroyer of the British Royal Navy built by the Yarrow shipyard. She was one of the very first destroyers ordered by the Royal Navy, and the first to be delivered.
Design and construction
She had a full load displacement of 275 tons and a speed of 27 knots (50 km/h). She differed from her sister ship in having 2 locomotive boilers placed end-to-end, while Hornet had 8 water tube boilers. This resulted in an obvious external difference, since Hornet had 4 funnels (with the centre pair close together) while Havock had 2 closely spaced funnels. She was launched on 12 August 1893.
Havock was armed with a single 12-pounder gun mounted on a pedestal at the conning position, an exposed location that was extremely wet in even moderately rough weather. Three 6 pounder QF guns were mounted, with two either side of, and slightly abaft of, the conning position, and the third placed near the stern just aft of the torpedo tubes. Three 18-inch (450mm) torpedo tubes[Note 1] were fitted, with two in a turntable towards the stern, and able to fire on either side. The third torpedo tube was fitted at the bow, with the torpedo ejected from the tube by a gunpowder charge. This fitting was later removed, as it was found that the fitting was extremely exposed, and the boat had a tendency to outpace its own torpedo when running at high speed.
Havock "behaved well" on trials in late 1893, with her top speed indicating that she was capable of keeping up with battleships. It was noted that her trial demonstrated better fuel efficiency than her sister, Hornet.
In 1899–1900 she was re-boilered with conventional ship water tube boilers, changing her silhouette to have three funnels, with the centre one somewhat thicker than the others. By this period such a layout was considered standard for torpedo boat destroyers.
Havock's career was spent entirely around the British Isles.
Havock was sold on 14 May 1912 and was broken up.
- British "18-inch torpedoes" were 450mm (17.72 inches) in diameter.
- Lyon (1996), p.53.
- Lyon (1996), p.56.
- Lyon (1996), p.54.
- Lyon (1996), p.98.
- Lyon (1996), p.55.
- "Naval & Military intelligence" The Times (London). Friday, 7 March 1902. (36709), p. 3.
- "Naval & Military intelligence" The Times (London). Tuesday, 11 March 1902. (36712), p. 11.
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