HMS Herald (1822)
HMS Herald and steamship tender Torch, Expedition to the South Sea, Illustrated London News 15 May 1852.
|Ordered:||5 June 1819|
|Builder:||East India Company dockyard, Cochin, British India|
|Laid down:||March 1820|
|Launched:||5 November 1822|
|Commissioned:||16 July 1824|
|Renamed:||Launched as Termagant in 1822
Renamed Herald on 15 May 1824
|Reclassified:||Survey vessel in June 1845
Chapel ship in 1861
|Fate:||Sold for breaking on 28 April 1862|
|Class & type:||Atholl-class 28-gun sixth-rate corvette|
|Tons burthen:||499 91/94 bm|
|Length:||113 ft 8 in (34.6 m) (gundeck)
94 ft 8 3⁄4 in (28.9 m) (keel)
|Beam:||31 ft 6 in (9.6 m)|
|Depth of hold:||8 ft 9 in (2.67 m)|
|Sail plan:||Full-rigged ship|
HMS Herald was an Atholl-class 28-gun sixth-rate corvette of the Royal Navy. She was launched in 1821 as HMS Termagant, commissioned in 1824 as Herald and converted to a survey ship in 1845. After serving as a chapel ship from 1861, she was sold for breaking in 1862.
Launched at the East India Company dockyard at Cochin, British India on 15 November 1821, Termagant had a tonnage of 499 91/94 bm. She was 113 feet 8 inches (34.65 m) long on the gundeck, 31 feet 6 inches (9.60 m) in beam and had a depth in hold of 8 feet 9 inches (2.67 m). She carried twenty 32-pounder carronades, six 18-pounder carronades and two 9-pounder long guns. She was renamed Herald on 15 May 1824, and commissioned on 16 July 1824.
Service in New Zealand
On 29 April 1840 HMS Herald, under Captain Joseph Nias, sailed with Major Thomas Bunbury of the 80th Regiment (appointed by Governor William Hobson as Commissioner) and Edward Marsh Williams as interpreter to take a copy of the Treaty of Waitangi (known as the ‘Herald-Bunbury’ copy) to the South Island of New Zealand to obtain signatures from Māori chiefs as part the process of claiming British sovereignty over New Zealand.
Service in the First Anglo-Chinese War
In 1845 Henry Kellett was appointed captain of Herald, which was assigned in 1848 to join the search for Sir John Franklin who had been exploring the Northwest Passage. During this voyage Herald sailed through the Bering Strait across the Chukchi Sea and discovered Herald Island, which Kellett named after his ship.
From 1852 to 1861, under the command of Captain Henry Mangles Denham, HMS Herald carried out a survey of the Australian coast and Fiji Islands, continuing the mission of HMS Rattlesnake. The naturalists on the voyage were John MacGillivray (1821–1867), William Milne (botanist) and Denis Macdonald as Assistant Surgeon-zoologist. However following disagreements with the captain, John MacGillivray disembarked at Sydney in January 1854.
- Winfield (2004) p.113
- "Williams, Edward Marsh 1818–1909". Early New Zealand Books (NZETC). 1952. Retrieved 18 October 2013.
- "Treaty of Waitangi signing locations: ‘Herald-Bunbury’ copy". NZ History Online. Retrieved 18 October 2013.
- "HMS HERALD (Anglo-Chinese war 1842)". Retrieved 23 December 2012.
- "Herald at the William Loney website". Retrieved 2011-05-22.
- Gillett, p.12.
- Gillett, Ross; Melliar-Phelps, Michael (1980). A Century of Ships in Sydney Harbour. Rigby Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-7270-1201-0.
- Edward Forbes (1815–1854), The zoology of the voyage of H.M.S. Herald under the command of Captain Henry Kellett,... during the years 1845-51. (London, 1854).
- Winfield, Rif; Lyon, David (2004). The Sail and Steam Navy List: All the Ships of the Royal Navy 1815–1889. London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-032-6. OCLC 52620555.