HMS Hercules (1815)

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For other ships of the same name, see HMS Hercules.
Career (UK) Royal Navy Ensign
Name: HMS Hercules
Ordered: 16 May 1809
Builder: Chatham dockyard
Laid down: August 1812
Launched: 5 September 1815
Commissioned: March 1836
Fate: Sold out of the Service, 22 August 1865
General characteristics [1]
Class & type: Vengeur-class ship of the line
Tons burthen: 1750 bm
Length: 176 ft 1 in (53.67 m) (gundeck)
145 ft 1.75 in (44.2405 m) (keel)
Beam: 47 ft 7.25 in (14.5098 m)
Depth of hold: 21 ft (6.4 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Full rigged ship
Armament: 74 guns:
  • Gundeck: 28 × 32 pdrs
  • Upper gundeck: 28 × 18 pdrs
  • Quarterdeck: 4 × 12 pdrs, 10 × 32 pdr carronades
  • Forecastle: 2 × 12 pdrs, 2 × 32 pdr carronades
  • Poop deck: 6 × 18 pdr carronades

HMS Hercules was a 74-gun third-rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy. She was launched on 5 September 1815 at Chatham.[1]

On 26 December 1852 Hercules departed on her way to Hong Kong to take up duties as a hospital ship. The gold rushes had put a premium on passenger ships to Australia, so she took 756 Scots civilian passengers to South Australia and Victoria for the Emigration Commissioners. Many of these were emigrating under duress from the trustees of the Boreraig, Suishnish and North Uist estates of Lord Macdonald. The voyage proved disastrous, beginning almost immediately with a horrific storm, during which the ship sought refuge at Rothesay. Soon after their second departure in early January 1853, outbreaks of smallpox and typhus were discovered, necessitating a three-month quarantine at Queenstown, County Cork. 56 people died, 17 orphaned children were returned home and many others were assigned to a dozen other ships, families being broken up in the process. The ship finally arrived in Adelaide in July 1853.[citation needed]

Later in 1853 Hercules was placed on harbour service. In 1854 she proceeded to Hong Kong to serve as a depot and receiving ship, and she was sold there on 22 August 1865 to be broken.[1]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Lavery, Ships of the Line vol.1, p189.

References[edit]