HMS Hercules (1815)
|Ordered:||16 May 1809|
|Laid down:||August 1812|
|Launched:||5 September 1815|
|Fate:||Sold out of the Service, 22 August 1865|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type:||Vengeur-class ship of the line|
|Tons burthen:||1750 bm|
|Length:||176 ft 1 in (53.67 m) (gundeck)
145 ft 1.75 in (44.2405 m) (keel)
|Beam:||47 ft 7.25 in (14.5098 m)|
|Depth of hold:||21 ft (6.4 m)|
|Sail plan:||Full rigged ship|
On 26 December 1852 Hercules departed on her way to Hong Kong to take up duties as a hospital ship. The gold rushes had put a premium on passenger ships to Australia, so she took 756 Scots civilian passengers to South Australia and Victoria for the Emigration Commissioners. Many of these were emigrating under duress from the trustees of the Boreraig, Suishnish and North Uist estates of Lord Macdonald. The voyage proved disastrous, beginning almost immediately with a horrific storm, during which the ship sought refuge at Rothesay. Soon after their second departure in early January 1853, outbreaks of smallpox and typhus were discovered, necessitating a three-month quarantine at Queenstown, County Cork. 56 people died, 17 orphaned children were returned home and many others were assigned to a dozen other ships, families being broken up in the process. The ship finally arrived in Adelaide in July 1853.
Later in 1853 Hercules was placed on harbour service. In 1854 she proceeded to Hong Kong to serve as a depot and receiving ship, and she was sold there on 22 August 1865 to be broken.
- Lavery, Ships of the Line vol.1, p189.
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