HMS Holmes (K581)

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For other ships of the same name, see HMS Holmes and USS Holmes.
Career
Name: unnamed (DE-572)
Builder: Bethlehem-Hingham Shipyard, Hingham, Massachusetts
Laid down: 27 October 1943[1]
Renamed: USS Holmes (DE-572) 1943
Namesake: British name assigned in anticipation of transfer to United Kingdom
Launched: 18 December 1943
Completed: 31 January 1944
Commissioned: never
Fate: Transferred to United Kingdom 31 January 1944
Acquired: Returned by United Kingdom 3 December 1945[2]
Struck: 7 February 1946
Fate: Sold October 1947 for scrapping
Career (United Kingdom) Royal Navy Ensign
Class and type: Captain-class frigate
Name: HMS Holmes (K581)
Namesake: Admiral Sir Robert Holmes (ca. 1622-1692), English naval officer who fought in the Second and Third Anglo-Dutch Wars[3]
Acquired: 31 January 1944
Commissioned: 31 January 1944[1]
Fate: Returned to U.S. Navy 3 December 1945[2]
General characteristics
Displacement: 1,400 tons
Length: 306 ft (93 m)
Beam: 36.75 ft (11.2 m)
Draught: 9 ft (2.7 m)
Propulsion: Two Foster-Wheeler Express "D"-type water-tube boilers
GE 13,500 shp (10,070 kW) steam turbines and generators (9,200 kW)
Electric motors for 12,000 shp (8,900 kW)
Two shafts
Speed: 24 knots (44 km/h)
Range: 5,500 nautical miles (10,200 km) at 15 knots (28 km/h)
Complement: 186
Sensors and
processing systems:
SA & SL type radars
Type 144 series Asdic
MF Direction Finding antenna
HF Direction Finding Type FH 4 antenna
Armament: 3 × 3 in (76 mm) /50 Mk.22 guns
1 x twin Bofors 40 mm mount Mk.I
7-16 x 20 mm Oerlikon guns
Mark 10 Hedgehog antisubmarine mortar
Depth charges
QF 2 pounder naval gun
Notes: Pennant number K581

HMS Holmes (K581) was a Captain-class frigate of the Buckley class of destroyer escort, originally intended for the United States Navy. Before she was finished in 1944, she was transferred to the Royal Navy under the terms of Lend-Lease, and was in commission from 1944 to 1945, seeing service during World War II.

Construction and transfer[edit]

The still-unnamed ship was laid down as the U.S. Navy destroyer escort DE-572 by Bethlehem-Hingham Shipyard, Inc., in Hingham, Massachusetts, on 27 October 1943.[1] Allocated to the United Kingdom, she received the British name Holmes and was launched on 18 December 1943. She was transferred to the United Kingdom upon completion on 31 January 1944.

Service history[edit]

Sub Lieutenant Anthony Large, BEM, South African Naval Force (Volunteers) taking a compass bearing aboard HMS HOLMES whilst she was guarding Allied supply lines to the Normandy beachhead.

Commissioned into service in the Royal Navy as the frigate HMS Holmes (K581) on 31 January 1944 simultaneously with her transfer, the ship served on escort duty for the remainder of World War II. The Royal Navy returned her to the U.S. Navy on 3 December 1945.[2]

Disposal[edit]

The U.S. Navy struck Holmes from its Naval Vessel Register on 7 February 1946. She was sold to Walter H. Wilms and Company of Detroit, Michigan, in October 1947 for scrapping.

References[edit]

External links[edit]