HMS Hornet (1893)
HMS Hornet 1893
|Builder:||Yarrow & Company, Poplar, London|
|Laid down:||1 July 1892|
|Launched:||23 December 1893|
|Fate:||Sold 12 October 1909 for scrapping.|
|General characteristics |
|Displacement:||240 long tons (240 t) light
275 long tons (279 t) full load
|Length:||185 ft (56 m) oa
180 ft (55 m) pp
|Beam:||18 ft 6 in (5.64 m)|
|Draught:||7 ft 6 in (2.29 m)|
Triple expansion engines
8 Yarrow water tube boilers
2,700 ihp (2,000 kW)
|Speed:||27 kn (50 km/h; 31 mph)|
|Range:||47 tons of coal carried|
|Armament:||1× 12-pounder gun
3× 6-pounder guns
3× torpedo tubes (2 later removed)
Design and construction 
In April 1892, the British Admiralty sent out a request to several shipbuilders for designs and tenders for "large sea going torpedo boats", or what later became known as "Torpedo Boat Destroyers". In July 1892, it was decided to place an order with the two specialised torpedo-boat builders, Yarrows and Thornycroft for two ships each, with Yarrows' two ships named HMS Havock and Hornet. While both Yarrow ships were powered by triple-expansion steam engines driving two shafts, they differed in the boilers used, with Havock using two conventional locomotive-type fire-tube boilers while Hornet used eight water tube boilers. (This resulted in Havock having two funnels while Hornet was fitted with four funnels). Gun armament consisted of a single 12 pounder (3 in (76 mm)) gun, three 6 pounder (57 mm) guns, while torpedo armament consisted of three 18 in (457 mm) torpedo tubes, with one fixed bow tube and two deck mounted tubes, with the two deck-mounted tubes in a single rotating mounting, pointing in opposite directions, so that enemies on either beam could be attacked at the same time.
Hornet was laid down at Yarrow's Poplar, London yard on 1 July 1892. Hornet's water tube boilers meant that it took longer to build than Havock, launching on 23 December 1893 and completed in July 1894. The ship's performance during trials was generally successful, with only slight vibration noted and the ship steering well, and a speed of 27.6 knots (51.1 km/h; 31.8 mph) being reached.[nb 1]
Hornet served almost all her service life in Home waters, although she did serve briefly in the Mediterranean in 1900. Hornet's bow structure was strengthened in 1901. While the bow torpedo tube was found to be of little use, as it adversely affected seakeeping and restricted space forward, with fears that the ship could over-run a torpedo fired from the bow tube, Hornet retained the bow tube, while the two deck mounted tubes were removed by 1902. A survey in February 1909 found that Hornet's hull was in poor condition, with buckling of the hull plating and estimated repair costs of £4050. She was sold on 12 October 1909 for scrapping.
- Lyon 2001, p. 53.
- Chesneau and Kolesnik 1979, p. 90.
- Lyon 2001, p. 56.
- Manning 1961, p. 35.
- Lyon 2001, p. 17.
- Brown 2003, p. 137.
- Lyon 2001, p. 53–55.
- Friedman 2009, p. 41.
- Lyon 2001, p. 55.
- Burt 1986, p. 6.
- Lyon 2001, p. 114.
- Manning 1961, pp. 34–35.
- Chesneau and Kolesnik 1979, p. 91.
- Lyon 2001, p. 100.
- Lyon 2001, p. 115.
- Brown, D. K. (2003). Warrior to Dreadnought: Warship Development 1860–1905. London: Caxton Editions. ISBN 1-86067-5292 Check
- Burt, R. A. (1986). Warships Illustrated No 7: British Destroyers in World War One. London: Arms & Armour Press. ISBN 0-85368-753-6.
- Chesneau, Roger; Kolesnik, Eugene M. (1979). Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships 1860–1905. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-133-5.
- Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2006) . Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8. OCLC 67375475.
- Friedman, Norman (2009). British Destroyers: From Earliest Days to the Second World War. Barnsley, UK: Seaforth Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84832-049-9.
- Lyon, David (1996). The First Destroyers. Chatham Publishing. ISBN 1-84067-364-8.
- Lyon, David (2001). The First Destroyers. London: Caxton Editions. ISBN 1-84067-364-8.
- Manning, T. D. (1961). The British Destroyer. London: Putnam.
- A history of her class
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