HMS Hyacinth (1898)
HMS Hyancinth circa. 1915
|Class and type:||Highflyer-class cruiser|
|Builder:||London and Glasgow Shipbuilding Company, Glasgow|
|Laid down:||January 1897|
|Launched:||27 October 1898|
|Fate:||Sold 11 October 1923 for scrapping|
|Length:||350 ft (110 m) (p/p), 372 ft (113 m) (o/a)|
|Beam:||54 ft (16 m)|
|Draught:||22 ft (6.7 m)|
|Propulsion:||Two 4-cylinder triple-expansion engines driving twin propellers
|Range:||Carried 500 tons coal (1,120 tons max)|
|Armour:||conning tower: 6 inch
deck and machinery spaces: 3 inch
engine hatches: 5 inch
HMS Hyacinth was built by the London and Glasgow Shipbuilding Company in Glasgow, being laid down in January 1897, launched on 27 October 1898 and commissioned in September 1900. She served with the Channel Squadron until she relieved her sister HMS Highflyer 1903 as flagship of the East Indies Station at Bombay.
In 1904 Hyacinth was commanded by Captain the Hon. Horace Hood as the flagship of Rear-Admiral George Atkinson-Willes. Hyacinth was part of a squadron of three ships which took part in the Fourth Expedition of the Somaliland Campaign. On 20 April HMS Hyacinth and HMS Fox arrived off the Gulluli River after dark, and on the following day a small landing party went ashore, commanded by Captain Hood. One hundred and twenty-five men of the Royal Hampshire Regiment accompanied the over 300 sailors. The brigade captured Fort Illig, now in Eyl, and subsequently cleared the village and some caves at the bottom of the cliffs. The enemy left between 60 and 70 dead, and the British re-embarked with a loss of three killed and eleven wounded. Fort Illig was then reduced, and the British ships withdrew.
In 1913 she relieved her sister, Hermes as flagship of the Cape of Good Hope Station, and in August 1914 was the flagship of Rear-Admiral Herbert King-Hall. In the period immediately before the outbreak of the war, he took his squadron (Hyacinth, HMS Astraea (1893)''Astraea'' and Pegasus) to visit Zanzibar, with orders to track any German cruisers he encountered. On 31 July he sighted SMS Königsberg outside Dar-es-Salaam, but none of his ships were quick enough to catch her.
In September Hyacinth was used to escort the troopships carrying the regular soldiers of the Cape garrison home. In October she was called back to the Cape to provide support against the Boer rebels. She was still at the Cape when news arrived of the battle of Coronel. The Cape squadron was reinforced by the cruisers Minotaur and Defence, and Admiral King-Hall transferred his flag to Minotaur. After the battle of the Falklands, the two more powerful cruisers were recalled, and the admiral swapped back to Hyacinth, before transferring out again, this time to the Goliath.
At the start of January 1915 Hyacinth was supporting the invasion of German South West Africa. She was then sent around to East Africa, to join the force blockading the Königsberg in the Rufiji delta. On 7 March Admiral King-Hall arrived in Goliath, but on 25 March she was ordered away, and once again he transferred his flag to Hyacinth. In April it became clear that the Germans were about to try to get supplies to their troops in East Africa. The ship chosen was captured British merchantman Rubens. Lacking any more suitable ships, Admiral King-Hall undertook the hunt himself, in Hyacinth. On 14 April he sighted Rubens, and gave chase, but Hyacinth’s starboard engine broke down. This gave the German crew of Rubens time to beach her in Manza Bay. When Hyacinth finally arrived, Rubens was set alight, but most of her supplies were in her flooded cargo hold, and after Hyacinth sailed away they were salvaged.
Hyacinth stayed on the Cape and East Africa station until the end of the war. On 23 March 1916 in an action which commenced at 1540 local time, she, in concert with Pioneer and Vengeance, sank the German merchant ship Tabora. In January 1917, she was stationed off Tanganyika, where she was the base for members of the Royal Naval Air Service. On 6 January, Squadron Leader Edwin Moon was on a reconnaissance flight with Commander Richard Bridgeman as observer, when they were forced to land with engine trouble and came down in a creek of the Rufiji River delta. Moon and Bridgeman wandered for days in the river delta before eventually building a makeshift raft which was swept out to sea. Bridgeman died of exposure but Moon was blown back to shore where he was taken into captivity. Moon was awarded a bar to his Distinguished Service Order for the display of "the greatest gallantry in attempting to save the life of his companion", together with the Royal Humane Society's silver medal for his attempts to save Bridgeman's life and The Legion of Honour – Croix de Chevalier. Bridgeman's body was recovered from the sea and is buried in Dar es Salaam Commonwealth War Graves Commission Cemetery.
Hyacinth was paid off in August 1919 and sold for scrapping on 11 October 1923 to Cohen, of Swansea.
- The London Gazette: . 15 March 1918. Retrieved 31 May 2010.
- "Edwin Rowland Moon 1886 – 1920". Hampshire County Council. Retrieved 31 May 2010.
- "Casualty Details: Bridgeman, Richard Orlando Beaconsfield". CWGC. Retrieved 31 May 2010.
- Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2006) . Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8. OCLC 67375475.
- Jane's Fighting Ships of World War One (1919), Jane's Publishing Company
- Highflyer class in World War I
- History of HMS Hyacinth
- HMS Hyacinth
- "Old Weather - HMS Hyacinth". Retrieved 2012-01-22. Transcription of ship's logbooks and weather information
- "Old Weather - HMS Hyacinth". Retrieved 2012-01-25. Transcription of ship's logbooks and weather information