HMS Intrepid (L11)

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For other ships of the same name, see HMS Intrepid.
HMS Intrepid by Nogginnog 1.jpeg
Career (UK)
Ordered: 1 May 1962[1]
Builder: John Brown & Company
Laid down: 19 December 1962[1]
Launched: 25 June 1964[1]
Commissioned: 11 March 1967[1]
Decommissioned: 31 August 1999
Motto: "Cela va sans dire"
("That goes without saying")
Fate: Towed to Liverpool for scrapping September 2008
General characteristics [1]
Class & type: Fearless-class landing platform dock
Type: Amphibious transport dock
Displacement: 11,060 long tons (11,240 t) standard
12,120 long tons (12,310 t) full load
16,950 long tons (17,220 t) ballasted and dock flooded
Length: 520 ft (158.5 m) oa
500 ft (152.4 m) wl
Beam: 80 ft (24.4 m)
Draught: 20 ft 6 in (6.25 m)
Propulsion: 2 shafts
2 English Electric Steam turbines
2 Babock & Wilcox boilers (550 psi (3,800 kPa) at 850 °F (454 °C))
22,000 shp (16,000 kW)
Speed: 21 kn (39 km/h; 24 mph)
Range: 5,000 nmi (9,260 km; 5,750 mi) at 20 kn (37 km/h; 23 mph)[2]
Boats & landing
craft carried:
LCM (9) landing craft in dock
4× LCVP landing craft on davits
Capacity: Normal capacity 380–400 troops, up to 700 troops for short periods[2]
15 tanks
27 vehicles
Complement: 550 including small Royal Marines detachment (approx 88)[2]
Sensors and
processing systems:
Type 974 search radar
Type 978 Navigation radar[2]
Armament:

Original armament:4× Sea Cat SAM launchers
2 × Bofors 40/60

1990 Armament:[3]
2× Sea Cat
Oerlikon KCB 30 mm cannon (2 twin mounts)
Oerlikon GAM-B01 20 mm cannon
Aircraft carried: Up to 5 Westland Wessex helicopters.

HMS Intrepid (L11) was one of two Fearless class amphibious warfare ships of the Royal Navy. A Landing Platform Dock (LPD), she served from 1967 until 1999. Based in HM Naval Base, Devonport, Plymouth, Devon and HM Naval Base Portsmouth and saw service around the world over her 32 year life.

In the process of being decommissioned for sale, she was rapidly returned to service to sail as part of the British operation to retake the Falkland Islands after the Argentine invasion in 1982. She landed troops in amphibious assaults on the Islands and the Argentine surrender was signed on her deck at the conclusion of the Falklands War.

Role[edit]

The LPDs provided support to a Royal Marines amphibious assault force and provided a platform for a the Headquarters capability prior to, and during, the assault phase.

Service[edit]

Intrepid was the second of her class of purpose built LPDs used by Royal Navy, built in Clydebank, West Dunbartonshire, at the John Brown & Company yard she was launched in 1964 before undergoing trials and commissioning in 1967. She was the last ship built by John Brown & Co for the Royal Navy.

Intrepid became the first Royal Navy warship to be fitted with satellite communication equipment in 1969.[1] As a result of defence cuts, Intrepid went into reserve in 1976, being brought back into active service in 1979 to allow Fearless to be refitted.[4]

It was announced in 1981 that the two LPDs were to be deleted,[2] with Intrepid undergoing decommissioning in 1982 at the outbreak of the Falklands War. After decommissioning, the Royal Navy were due to sell Intrepid to Argentina.[5] However, Intrepid was brought back into commission, with her ship's company recalled by Commander Bryn Telfer (the Executive Officer), and Malcolm MacLeod, the crew gladly returned to form part of the task group committed to Operation Corporate, the British effort to recapture the islands. Intrepid was commanded by Captain Peter Dingemans.

With elements of 3 Commando Brigade embarked, Intrepid took part in the amphibious landings at San Carlos Water. HMS Intrepid was under attack in San Carlos Water on 25 May 1982, with a few fatalities, mainly Royal Marines.[citation needed] The Nordic Ferry was also under attack. She came under heavy air attack once again during the operation, and was the main participant in the landings at Bluff Cove on 6 June. Margaret Thatcher and Sandy Woodward commended the efforts of the ships involved in the San Carlos attacks.

She Intrepid would be the last ship to arrive, the last piece in the jigsaw, and so all the timings depended on her.[6]

As well as being one of the warships used for imprisoning the Argentinian prisoners of war, the surrender ending the Falklands conflict was signed on Intrepid's deck.[5]

Intrepid was refitted at Devonport Royal Dockyard between January 1984 and June 1985,[2] with two Sea Cat launchers removed, with twin 30 mm anti-aircraft mounts and two single 20 mm cannon added.[3] From June 1985 until 1990 she supported the sea training phase of initial officer training, undertaken at Britannia Royal Naval College, as part of the Dartmouth Training Squadron.

Decommissioned[edit]

Intrepid was placed in reserve status late in 1990, when Fearless completed an extensive refit. Intrepid was in poor physical condition by this time, which prevented a similar upgrade, and was laid up at HM Naval Base Portsmouth.[4][7] Intrepid was used as a source of spares for her sister ship, HMS Fearless. She was decommissioned in 1999 and awaited her disposal, by scrapping,[8] in Fareham Creek, Hampshire.

Replacement LPDs were ordered during the 1990s with HMS Albion being commissioned in 2003.

On 12 February 2007, the MoD announced that HMS Intrepid is to be recycled at a British facility. Leavesley International was selected as the preferred bidder, pending license acquisition.[9] The contract aims to ensure that the ship is disposed of responsibly, and in full compliance with international environmental legislation.[10]

Having received the required planning permission and environmental licences for disposal, Intrepid duly left Portsmouth for her final journey to Liverpool on 13 September 2008. Having been previously suggested as potential diving site on the southcoast, various veterans of the Falklands War started a petition on the 10 Downing Street website to preserve the ship as a memorial to the conflict. But in late January 2009, the Daily Mail published an article showing the half demolished ship in Liverpool Docks, which was reported to be on target to be 96% recycled.[11]

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f Blackman 1971, p. 341.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Moore 1985, p. 632.
  3. ^ a b Prézelin and Baker 1990, p. 721.
  4. ^ a b Gardiner and Chumbley 1995, p. 534.
  5. ^ a b Daily Mail Reporter, (2009), Daily Mail.
  6. ^ Admiral Sandy Woodward. One Hundred Days. p. 92. ISBN 0-00-215723-3. 
  7. ^ Baker 1998, p. 949.
  8. ^ Evans, Michael (13 February 2007). "Falklands warrior bows out (again)". The Times (London: Times Newspapers). Retrieved 13 February 2007. 
  9. ^ "HMS Intrepid To Be Broken Up In UK". The Shipping Times. 20 February 2007. Retrieved 11 February 2008. [dead link]
  10. ^ "Former Royal Navy Assault Ship HMS Intrepid is to be Recycled in Liverpool". Net News. 13 September 2008. Retrieved 14 September 2008. 
  11. ^ "Farewell to a warrior: Falklands veteran broken up (and you can claim a piece on eBay)". Daily Mail. 23 January 2009. Retrieved 23 January 2009. 

Bibliography

  • Baker, A.D. The Naval Institute Guide to Combat Fleets of the World 1998–1999. Annapolis, Maryland, USA: Naval Institute Press,1998. ISBN 1-55750-111-4.
  • Blackman, Raymond V.B. Jane's Fighting Ships 1971–72. London: Sampson Low, Marston & Co., Ltd., 1971. ISBN 0-354-00096-9.
  • Clapp, Michael and Ewen Southby-Tailyour. Amphibious Assault Falklands. London (1996). ISBN 0-85052-420-2.
  • Gardiner, Roger and Stephen Chumbley. Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships 1947–1995. Annapolis, Maryland, USA: Naval Institute Press, 1995. ISBN 1-55750-132-7.
  • Moore, John. Jane's Fighting Ships 1985–86. London: Jane's Yearbooks, 1985. ISBN 0-7106-0814-4.
  • Prézelin, Bernard and A.D. Baker. The Naval Institute Guide to Combat Fleets of the Wirld 1990/1991. Annapolis, Maryland, USA: Naval Institute Press, 1990. ISBN 0-87021-250-8.

External links[edit]

See also[edit]