HMAS J5 in 1919
|Career (United Kingdom)|
|Builder:||HM Dockyard, Devonport|
|Launched:||9 September 1915|
|Commissioned:||6 May 1916|
|Fate:||Transferred to Australia, 25 March 1919|
|Acquired:||25 March 1919|
|Decommissioned:||12 July 1922|
|Fate:||Sunk 4 June 1926|
|Class & type:||British J class submarine|
|Displacement:||1,210 long tons (1,230 t) (surfaced)
1,820 long tons (1,850 t) (submerged)
|Length:||275 ft (84 m)|
|Beam:||22 ft (6.7 m)|
|Draught:||14 ft (4.3 m)|
Surfaced: three 12-cylinder diesel engines
Submerged: battery-driven electric motors
|Speed:||19 kn (35 km/h; 22 mph) (surfaced)
9.5 kn (17.6 km/h; 10.9 mph) (submerged)
|Range:||4,000 nmi (7,400 km; 4,600 mi) at 12 kn (22 km/h; 14 mph)|
|Test depth:||300 ft (91 m) max|
|Armament:||six 18 in (457 mm) torpedo tubes
(four bow, two beam)
one 4 in (102 mm) gun
Design and construction
The J class was designed by the Royal Navy in response to reported German submarines with surface speeds over 18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph). They had a displacement of 1,210 tons surfaced, and 1,820 tons submerged. Each submarine was 275 feet (84 m) in length overall, with a beam of 22 feet (6.7 m), and a draught of 14 feet (4.3 m). The propulsion system was built around three propeller shafts; the J-class were the only triple-screwed submarines ever built by the British. Propulsion came from three 12-cylinder diesel motors when on the surface, and electric motors when submerged. Top speed was 19 knots (35 km/h; 22 mph) on the surface (the fastest submarines in the world at the time of construction), and 9.5 knots (17.6 km/h; 10.9 mph) underwater. Range was 4,000 nautical miles (7,400 km; 4,600 mi) at 12 knots (22 km/h; 14 mph).
Armament consisted of six 18-inch torpedo tubes (four forward, one on each beam), plus a 4-inch deck gun. Originally, the gun was mounted on a breastwork fitted forward of the conning tower, but the breastwork was later extended to the bow and merged into the hull for streamlining, and the gun was relocated to a platform fitted to the front of the conning tower. 44 personnel were aboard.
She and the other J's were members of the 11th Submarine Flotilla. She served in the North Sea chiefly in operations against German destroyers and U-boats, most of encounters were with the latter. Although engaging several times with enemies, the closest she got to sinking the enemy was striking U-86 with a torpedo which did not explode.
After the war, the British Admiralty decided that the best way to protect the Pacific region was with a force of submarines and cruisers. To this end, the offered the six surviving submarines of the J-class to the Royal Australian Navy as gifts. J1 and her sisters were commissioned into the RAN in April 1919, and sailed for Australia on 9 April, in the company of the cruisers Sydney and Brisbane, and the tender Platypus. J5 broke down while traversing the Red Sea, and had to be towed the rest of the way by Brisbane. The flotilla reached Thursday Island on 29 June, and Sydney on 10 July. Because of the submarines' condition after the long voyage, they were immediately taken out of service for refits.
Apart from local exercises and a 1921 visit to Tasmania, the submarines saw little use, and by June 1922, the cost of maintaining the boats and deteriorating economic conditions saw the six submarines decommissioned and marked for disposal.
- Bastock, Australia's Ships of War, p. 86
- "HMAS J5". Royal Australian Navy. Retrieved 2011-03-13.
- "Victorian Ships' Graveyard Wrecks". Retrieved 2011-03-13.
- "Dive Site - J5 Submarine". Retrieved 2011-03-13.
- Milowka, Agnes. "Victoria's J Class Submarines". Archived from the original on 2011-03-13.
- Arnott, Terry. "WWI J Class Subs". Maritime Archaeology Association Of Victoria. Archived from the original on 2011-03-13.
- Bastock, John (1975). Australia's Ships of War. Cremorne, NSW: Angus and Robertson. ISBN 0207129274. OCLC 2525523.