HMAS Kanimbla (C78)

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For other ships of the same name, see HMAS Kanimbla.
Kanimbla at Fremantle port, 1945
HMAS Kanimbla at Fremantle port, 1945
Career (United Kingdom / Australia)
Namesake: Kanimbla Valley
Builder: Harland and Wolff Limited
Laid down: July 1933
Launched: 12 or 15 December 1935
Commissioned: 6 September 1939 (Royal Navy)
Recommissioned: 1 June 1943 (Royal Australian Navy)
Decommissioned: 25 March 1949
Renamed: Kanimbla (1936–1939)
HMS Kanimbla (1939–1943)
HMAS Kanimbla (1943–1950)
Oriental Queen (1961 onwards)
Reclassified: Passenger vessel (1936–1939)
Armed merchant cruiser (1939–1943)
Landing Ship Infantry (1943–1950)
Passenger vessel (1950 onwards)
Honours and
awards:
Battle honours:
New Guinea 1944
Leyte Gulf 1944
Lingayen Gulf 1945
Borneo 1945
Pacific 1945
Fate: Returned to civilian service
General characteristics
Displacement: 10,985 tons
Length: 468.8 ft (142.9 m)
Beam: 66.3 ft (20.2 m)
Draught: 24.4 ft (7.4 m)
Propulsion: Diesel engines, twin screws. 10,000 horsepower
Speed: 19 knots (35 km/h; 22 mph)
Capacity: 1,380 troops (as landing ship)
Complement: 345
Armament:

(as merchant cruiser):
7 × 6-inch guns
2 × 3-inch anti-aircraft guns
2 × Lewis light machine guns
(as landing ship):
1 × 4-inch gun
2 × 40mm Bofors anti-aircraft guns
2 × 2-pounder anti-aircraft guns

12 × 20mm Oerlikon anti-aircraft guns

HMAS Kanimbla was a passenger ship converted for use as an armed merchant cruiser and landing ship infantry during World War II. Built during the mid-1930s as the passenger liner MV Kanimbla for McIlwraith McEachern Limited, the ship operated in Australian waters until 1939, when she was requisitioned for military service, converted into an armed merchant cruiser, and commissioned in the Royal Navy as HMS Kanimbla.

Initially used to board and take control of merchant vessels belonging to Occupied Europe and operating in Asian waters, Kanimbla led the raid to capture the Iranian port of Bandar Shahpur in August 1941, and was present during the Japanese submarine attack on Sydney Harbour in 1942. In 1943, the ship was converted into a Landing Ship Infantry, transferred to the Royal Australian Navy, and operated throughout the South West Pacific Theatre until the end of the war.

Kanimbla was decommissioned and returned to her commercial owners in 1950. In 1961, she was sold to the Pacific Transport Company and renamed Oriental Queen. The ship operated as a liner throughout the Pacific and to Japan until 1973, when she was broken up for scrap

Construction[edit]

The ship was laid down as motor vessel (MV) Kanimbla for McIlwraith McEachern Limited by Harland and Wolff Limited at Belfast in Northern Ireland in July 1933. She was launched on 15 December 1935 and completed on 26 April 1936.

The ship was named for the Kanimbla Valley, west of Blackheath in the Blue Mountains in New South Wales.

Operational history[edit]

Pre-war[edit]

The ship operated a passenger service between Cairns, Queensland and Fremantle, Western Australia until the outbreak of World War II.

World War II[edit]

At the start of the war, Kanimbla was converted to an armed merchant cruiser at Sydney.[citation needed] She commissioned into the Royal Navy as HMS Kanimbla, though with a largely Australian crew, on 6 September 1939.[citation needed] The ship was assigned the pennant number F23.[1][2]

Kanimbla was engaged in patrolling the coasts of Asia and boarding vessels of the countries of occupied Europe so that they could be taken into "Allied control".

On 24 August 1941, Kanimbla led a raid to capture the Iranian port of Bandar Shahpur. The ship led seven other vessels, including the gunboat HMS Cockchafer, the corvette HMS Snapdragon, the naval trawler HMT Arthur Cavannagh, the sloop HMIS Lawrence, an oil rig tugboat, and a dhow. In addition, Kanimbla carried 300 Indian troops, including Gurkhas and soldiers from 3rd Battalion, 10th Baluch Regiment, whose task was to board and capture the German cargo ship Hohenfels. Kanimbla used her armament in support of the raid, which resulted in the securing of the railhead, and the capture of eight Axis merchantmen, two gunboats, and a floating dock were captured as well as the railhead.[3]

Kanimbla was one of several Allied vessels located in Sydney Harbour during the attack by Japanese midget submarines on 31 May 1942.[4]

She arrived back in Sydney on 2 April 1943, was converted to a Landing Ship Infantry (LSI) and commissioned into the Royal Australian Navy as HMAS Kanimbla on 1 June 1943.[citation needed] She received the pennant number C78.[2] In this configuration, she could carry 1,380 troops, and carried 10 LCA landing craft.[citation needed]

The ship earned five battle honours for her wartime service: "New Guinea 1944", "Leyte Gulf 1944", "Lingayen Gulf 1945", "Borneo 1945", and "Pacific 1945".[5][6]

Post-war[edit]

Kanimbla paid off at Sydney on 25 March 1949 and was returned to her owners on 13 December 1950. In 1961, the ship was sold to the Pacific Transport Company and renamed Oriental Queen. Oriental Queen served as a liner visiting various Pacific islands, and served on the Yokohama – Guam route. Her final voyage concluded in Yokohama on 6 October 1973. She was laid up, sold to Taiwanese breakers, and delivered to Kaohsiung on 7 December 1973 for scrapping.

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ http://uboat.net/allies/warships/ship/3356.html
  2. ^ a b Bastock, Australia's Ships of War, p. 217
  3. ^ Australians at War
  4. ^ Jenkins, David (1992). Battle Surface! Japan's Submarine War Against Australia 1942–44. Milsons Point: Random House Australia. pp. 193–194. ISBN 0-09-182638-1. 
  5. ^ "Navy Marks 109th Birthday With Historic Changes To Battle Honours". Royal Australian Navy. 1 March 2010. Archived from the original on 13 June 2011. Retrieved 23 December 2012. 
  6. ^ "Royal Australian Navy Ship/Unit Battle Honours". Royal Australian Navy. 1 March 2010. Archived from the original on 14 June 2011. Retrieved 23 December 2012. 

References[edit]

  • Bastock, John (1975). Australia's Ships of War. Cremorne, NSW: Angus and Robertson. ISBN 0207129274. OCLC 2525523. 
  • Mitchell, W.H.; Sawyer, L.A. (1967). Cruising Ships. Doubleday. 

External links[edit]