HMS London (1766)

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For other ships of the same name, see HMS London.
Combat du Scipion conte le London-Rossel de Cercy mg 5097.jpg
HMS London depicted during the Action of 18 October 1782
Career (UK) Royal Navy Ensign
Name: HMS London
Ordered: 28 September 1759
Builder: Chatham Dockyard
Launched: 24 May 1766
Honours and
awards:

Participated in:

Fate: Broken up, 1811
General characteristics [1][2]
Class & type: London-class ship of the line
Tons burthen: 1894 bm
Length: 177 ft 6 in (54.10 m) (gundeck)
Beam: 49 ft (15 m)
Depth of hold: 21 ft (6.4 m)
Sail plan: Full-rigged ship
Armament:

90 guns:

  • Gundeck: 28 × 32 pdrs
  • Middle gundeck: 30 × 18 pdrs
  • Upper gundeck: 30 × 12 pdrs
  • Forecastle: 2 × 9 pdrs


98 guns:

  • Gundeck: 28 × 32 pdrs
  • Middle gundeck: 30 × 18 pdrs
  • Upper gundeck: 30 × 12 pdrs
  • Quarterdeck: 8 × 12 pdrs
  • Forecastle: 2 × 12 pdrs

HMS London was a 90-gun second-rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, launched on 24 May 1766 at Chatham Dockyard.[1]

London was originally launched as a 90-gun ship, as was standard for second rates at the time, but was later increased to 98-guns when she had eight 12 pounders installed on her quarterdeck.

She was Sir Thomas Graves' flagship at the Battle of the Chesapeake in 1781. In the Action of 18 October 1782, she was raked by Scipion and had to let her escape.

French Revolutionary Wars[edit]

She participated in the Battle of Groix in 1795.

Next, London participated in an abortive invasion of Ferrol. On 29 August 1800, in Vigo Bay, Admiral Sir Samuel Hood assembled a cutting-out party from the vessels under his command consisting of two boats each from Amethyst, Stag, Amelia, Brilliant and Cynthia, four boats from Courageaux, as well as the boats from Renown, London and Impetueux. The party went in and after a 15-minute fight captured the French privateer Guêpe, of Bordeaux and towed her out. She was of 300 tons burthen and had a flush deck. Pierced for 20 guns, she carried eighteen 9-pounders, and she and her crew of 161 men were under the command of Citizen Dupan. In the attack she lost 25 men killed, including Dupan, and 40 wounded. British casualties amounted to four killed, 23 wounded and one missing.[3] A first-class share of the prize money was worth ₤42 19sd; a fifth-class share, that of an able seaman, was worth 1s 9½d.[4] In 1847 the Admiralty awarded the Naval General Service Medal with clasp "29 Aug. Boat Service 1800" to all surviving claimants from the action.[5]

She was present at the Battle of Copenhagen in 1801, as part of Sir Hyde Parker's reserve fleet.

Napoleonic Wars[edit]

At the Action of 13 March 1806, London captured the French ship of the line Marengo. In 1808, she helped escort the Portuguese royal family in its flight from Portugal to Brazil.

Fate[edit]

London was broken up in 1811.[1]

References[edit]

Citations

  1. ^ a b c Lavery, Ships of the Line vol.1, p175.
  2. ^ Lavery, Ships of the Line vol.1, p179.
  3. ^ The London Gazette: no. 15292. p. 1029. 9 September 1800. Retrieved 16 February 2011.
  4. ^ The London Gazette: no. 15434. p. 1466. 8 December 1801. Retrieved 23 February 2011.
  5. ^ The London Gazette: no. 20939. p. 246. 26 Jan 1849. Retrieved 4 October 2010.

Bibliography

  • Lavery, Brian (2003) The Ship of the Line - Volume 1: The development of the battlefleet 1650-1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8.