HMS Mandarin (1810)

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Career
Name: HMS Mandarin
Acquired: by capture, February 1810
Fate: Wrecked, November 1810
General characteristics [1]
Type: Gun-brig
Tons burthen: 178 tons bm
Armament: 12 guns

HMS Mandarin was a Dutch gun-brig of 178 tons burthen (bm) and 12 guns that the British had captured at Amboyna in February 1810.[1] She served as part of a four-vessel flotilla that captured Banda Neira. She was wrecked in November 1810.

Capture[edit]

The British captured a number of vessels during the attack on Amboyna. One was the ship Mandarine, of 16 guns and 66 men, Captain Besman, that Cornwallis captured on February 3 after a chase of four hours. She had been out for four weeks but had captured nothing. Cornwallis suffered only one man wounded in the action.[2]

Another vessel, captured on 15 February, was the Dutch brig Mandurese, Captain Guasteranus. She had 12 guns and was one of three vessels sunk in the inner harbor of Amboyna. However, the British raised her after the island surrendered.[2] From her description, HMS Mandarin appears to have been the Mandurese, with confusion arising out of the similarity of her name with that of the vessel that Cornwallis captured.

Service[edit]

The British commissioned Mandarin under Lieutenant Archibald Buchanan.[1] From May to August, she took part in an expedition to the Banda Islands, along with Piemontaise (or Piedmontaise), Caroline, and Barracouta.[3]

Lieutenant Charles Jeffries (or Jefferis) replaced Buchanan at some point,[1] probably well after August.

Fate[edit]

Mandarin was wrecked on Red Island, near Singapore, on 9 November.[4] Jeffries was carrying dispatches from Amboyna to Madras when his vessel struck an unknown reef in the Straits of Singapore. Jeffries saved the dispatches and he and his crew lived on the island until Chiffone (or Chiffonne), which happened to be passing, rescued them.[5][4]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Winfield (2008), p.350.
  2. ^ a b The London Gazette: no. 16407. pp. 1486–1487. 22 September 1810.
  3. ^ The London Gazette: no. 16905. p. 1159. 4 June 1814.
  4. ^ a b Hepper (1994), p.134.
  5. ^ O'Byrne (1849), p.579.

References[edit]

  • Hepper, David J. (1994) British Warship Losses in the Age of Sail, 1650-1859. (Rotherfield: Jean Boudriot). ISBN 0-948864-30-3
  • James, William (1837). The Naval History of Great Britain, from the Declaration of War by France in 1793, to the Accession of George IV. R. Bentley. 
  • O'Byrne, William R. (1849) A Naval Biographical Dictionary: comprising the life and services of every living officer in Her Majesty's navy, from the rank of admiral of the fleet to that of lieutenant, inclusive. (London: J. Murray).
  • Winfield, Rif (2008). British Warships in the Age of Sail 1793–1817: Design, Construction, Careers and Fates. Seaforth. ISBN 1-86176-246-1.