HMS Marlborough (1855)

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For other ships of the same name, see HMS Marlborough.
HMSMarlborough.jpg
HMS Marlborough, sketched in the Mediterranean by an anonymous artist - She is running under steam alone, and flying the Blue Ensign. (NMM)
Career (UK) Royal Navy Ensign
Name: HMS Marlborough
Builder: Portsmouth Dockyard
Launched: 31 July 1855
Renamed: Vernon II in March 1904
Reclassified: Training ship in 1878
Fate: Sold October 1924
Sank, 28 November 1924
General characteristics
Class and type: 131-gun (later 121-gun ) first-rate ship of the line
Displacement: 5,892 / 6071 tons
Length: 240 ft (73 m)
Beam: 61 ft (19 m)
Propulsion: Sails and 780 hp steam powered screw propeller
Speed: 10.15 kt
Armament: 131 guns (later 121):
  • 1 x 110pdrs
  • 16 x 8in guns
  • 6 x 70pdrs
  • 10 x 40pdrs
  • 88 x 32pdrs

HMS Marlborough was a first-rate three-decker 131 gun screw ship built for the Royal Navy in 1855. She was begun as a sailing ship of the line (with her sister ships HMS Duke of Wellington, HMS Prince of Wales and HMS Royal Sovereign), but was completed to a modified design and converted to steam on the stocks.

She served as flagship of the Mediterranean Fleet from 1858-64 (with the flag of Vice-Admiral William Fanshawe Martin, captain William Houston Stewart, from 3 May 1860 to 20 April 1863; and of Vice-Admiral Robert Smart, Captain Charles Fellowes, from 1863). In 1864 she was replaced as flagship by Victoria. She sailed back to Portsmouth to serve as a receiving ship (e.g. for the Steam Reserve in c.1890, as tender to HMS Asia) and as a training ship for engineers (c. December 1878). Whilst at Portsmouth, she was down-graded in rating to a 98 gun ship (in c. 1870).

For a time her Commander was Sir Edward Dolman Scott (1826–1905), 6th Baronet Scott of Great Barr.[1]

In 1904 Marlborough was moved to Portchester Creek and renamed Vernon II, becoming an accommodation hulk to the shore establishment HMS Vernon. (Vernon I was the joint name for the establishment's two existing hulks, HMS Ariadne and HMS Actaeon - all three hulks were joined together by bridges.)

Marlborough was sold to A. Butcher for breaking up in October 1924, but capsized and sank on 28 November 1924 off Selsey whilst being towed to the breakers at Osea Island, with the loss of four men.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Allen, Peter (2011-06-10). Great Barr Observer: 8.  Missing or empty |title= (help)

External links[edit]