HMS Monmouth (1901)
|Builder:||London & Glasgow Shipbuilding Company|
|Launched:||13 November 1901|
|Fate:||Sunk 1 November 1914 at the Battle of Coronel|
|Displacement:||9,950 tons full load|
|Length:||448 ft (137 m)|
|Beam:||66 ft (20 m)|
|Draught:||25 ft (7.6 m)|
|Propulsion:||4-cylinder triple-expansion steam engines
31 Belleville boilers
|Speed:||approx 23 knots|
|Endurance:||800 - 1,600 tons coal, 400 tons oil|
|Armour:||4 in (102 mm) belt
5 in (127 mm) barbette, turrets, bulkheads, 2 inch (50 mm) deck maximum
Built in 1901, with her heaviest guns being fourteen 6 inch quick-firers, she had a weak armament for an armoured cruiser. In addition, most of the casemate 6 inch guns were situated so close to the waterline that they were unusable in all but the calmest weather. Her armour was also much too thin for an armoured cruiser and could be easily penetrated by artillery shells. These problems would prove disastrous for her thirteen years later at Coronel.
She served on the China Station between 1906 and 1913, before being put in the Reserve Fleet in January 1914.
On the outbreak of the First World War she was reactivated and sent to the 4th Cruiser Squadron (the West Indies Squadron) of Admiral Sir Christopher Cradock. She participated in the Battle of Coronel off the coast of Chile on 1 November 1914. Outmatched and with an inexperienced crew, she was quickly overwhelmed, being unable to use many of her guns due to the stormy weather. Early in the battle, a 21 cm (8.2 inch) shell from SMS Gneisenau penetrated the armour of the forward 6 inch gun turret, destroying it and causing a massive fire on the forecastle. More serious hits followed, and she soon could no longer hold her place in the line of battle. When it was clear that Monmouth was out of action, Gneisenau shifted fire to HMS Good Hope. A short while later, drifting and on fire, Monmouth was attacked by the newly arrived light cruiser SMS Nürnberg under the command of Kapitän zur See Karl von Schönberg, which fired seventy-five 10.5 cm (4.1 inch) shells at close range. Monmouth and Good Hope both sank with a combined loss of 1,570 lives. There were no survivors from either ship.
- "HMS Monmouth". The Coronel Memorial. 2011.
- "Naval & Military intelligence" The Times (London). Thursday, 14 November 1901. (36612), p. 9.
- Geoffrey Bennet (2000). Coronel and the Falklands. Birlinn Limited. ISBN 1-84158-045-7.
- Jane's Fighting Ships of World War I. Studio Editions. 1990. ISBN 1-85170-378-0.
- Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2006) . Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8. OCLC 67375475.
- Gerhard Wiechmann (ed.): Vom Auslandsdienst in Mexiko zur Seeschlacht von Coronel. Kapitän zur See Karl von Schönberg. Reisetagebuch 1913-1914, Bochum 2004.
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