HMS Neptune (1683)

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For other ships of the same name, see HMS Neptune.
Combat du Scipion conte le London-Rossel de Cercy mg 5095c.jpg
Action of 18 October 1782 between HMS Torbay and London, and the 74-gun Scipion. Torbay is behind London
Career (Great Britain) Royal Navy Ensign
Name: HMS Neptune
Ordered: 8 September 1678
Builder: John Shish, Deptford Dockyard
Launched: 17 April 1683
Renamed: HMS Torbay, 1750
Fate: Sold, 1784
General characteristics as built[1]
Class & type: 90-gun second-rate ship of the line
Tons burthen: 1,377
Length: 163 ft 11 in (50.0 m) (gundeck)
Beam: 45 ft (13.7 m)
Depth of hold: 18 ft 6 in (5.6 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Full rigged ship
Armament: 90 guns of various weights of shot
General characteristics after 1710 rebuild[2]
Class & type: 1706 Establishment 90-gun second-rate ship of the line
Tons burthen: 1,576
Length: 163 ft 1.75 in (49.7 m) (gundeck)
Beam: 47 ft 3 in (14.4 m)
Depth of hold: 18 ft 6 in (5.6 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Full rigged ship
Armament:

90 guns:

  • Gundeck: 26 × 32 pdrs
  • Middle gundeck: 26 × 18 pdrs
  • Upper gundeck: 26 × 9 pdrs
  • Quarterdeck: 10 × 6 pdrs
  • Forecastle: 2 × 6 pdrs
General characteristics after 1730 rebuild[3]
Class & type: 1719 Establishment 90-gun second-rate ship of the line
Tons burthen: 1,572.5
Length: 164 ft (50.0 m) (gundeck)
Beam: 47 ft 3 in (14.4 m)
Depth of hold: 18 ft 10 in (5.7 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Full rigged ship
Armament:

90 guns:

  • Gundeck: 26 × 32 pdrs
  • Middle gundeck: 26 × 18 pdrs
  • Upper gundeck: 26 × 9 pdrs
  • Quarterdeck: 10 × 6 pdrs
  • Forecastle: 2 × 6 pdrs

HMS Neptune was a 90-gun second-rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy. She was built under the 1677 "Thirty Great Ships" Programme and launched in 1683 at Deptford Dockyard.[1] She was first commissioned in 1690 under Captain Thomas Gardiner, as the flagship of Vice-Admiral George Rooke. In that capacity she took part in the Battle of Barfleur in May 1692.

She underwent her first rebuild at William Johnson's yard at Blackwall Yard, from where she was relaunched on 6 May 1710 as a 90-gun second-rate built to the 1706 Establishment.[2] She was recommissioned on 3 February 1711 under Capt. Francis Wyvell, but paid off into reserve in July of that year and saw no service.

On 18 August 1724 Neptune was ordered to be taken to pieces and rebuilt as a 90-gun second-rate to the 1719 Establishment at Woolwich Dockyard, from where she was relaunched on 15 October 1730. She was cut down to a 74-gun third rate at Chatham Dockyard from 1747 to April 1749, and was renamed HMS Torbay on 23 August 1750.[3]

Torbay was sold at Portsmouth to be taken to pieces on 17 August 1784.[3]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Lavery, Ships of the Line, vol. 1, p. 162.
  2. ^ a b Lavery, Ships of the Line, vol. 1, p. 167.
  3. ^ a b c Lavery, Ships of the Line, vol. 1, p. 169.

References[edit]

  • Lavery, Brian (2003), The Ship of the Line - Volume 1: The development of the battlefleet 1650-1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8.
  • Winfield, Rif (2007), British Warships in the Age of Sail, 1714-1792. Seaforth Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84415-700-6. (2009) British Warships in the Age of Sail, 1603-1714. Seaforth Publishing.