HMS Northumberland (1798)
Destruction of the French Frigates Arianne & Andromaque 22nd May 1812.
|Ordered:||10 June 1795|
|Laid down:||October 1795|
|Launched:||2 February 1798|
Naval General Service Medal with clasp "Egypt"
|Fate:||Broken up, 1850|
|Notes:||Hulked, February 1827|
|General characteristics |
|Class & type:||America class ship of the line|
|Tons burthen:||1907 bm|
|Length:||182 ft (55 m) (gundeck)|
|Beam:||48 ft 7 1⁄2 in (14.821 m)|
|Depth of hold:||21 ft 7 in (6.58 m)|
|Sail plan:||Full rigged ship|
Fc: 4 × 9-pounder
Because Northumberland served in the navy's Egyptian campaign (8 March to 8 September 1801), her officers and crew qualified for the clasp "Egypt" to the Naval General Service Medal that the Admiralty authorized in 1850 to all surviving claimants.[Note 1]
She received a measure of fame when she transported Napoleon I into captivity on the Island of Saint Helena. Napoleon had surrendered to Captain Frederick Maitland of HMS Bellerophon, on 15 July 1815 and was then transported to Plymouth. Napoleon was transferred from the Bellerophon to the Northumberland for his final voyage to St. Helena because concerns were expressed about the suitability of the ageing ship. HMS Northumberland was therefore selected instead.
Notes and citations
- Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2006) . Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8. OCLC 67375475.
- David Cordingly, The Billy Ruffian: The Bellerophon and the Downfall of Napoleon (Bloomsbury USA, 2003) ISBN 1-58234-468-X
- Lavery, Brian (2003) The Ship of the Line - Volume 1: The development of the battlefleet 1650-1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8.