HMS Peony (K40)

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For other ships of the same name, see HMS Peony.
HMS Peony.jpg
Sachtouris underway in September 1943, shortly after her transfer to the Royal Hellenic Navy.
Career (United Kingdom) Royal Navy Ensign
Name: HMS Peony
Builder: Harland and Wolff, Belfast, Northern Ireland
Yard number: 1066[1]
Laid down: 24 February 1940
Launched: 4 June 1940
Completed: 2 August 1940[1]
Commissioned: 2 August 1940
Out of service: Transferred to the Royal Hellenic Navy in 1943
Renamed: Sachtouris on transfer
Reinstated: Returned to the Royal Navy in September 1951
Identification: Pennant number: K40
Fate: Scrapped 21 April 1952
Career (Kingdom of Greece) Naval Ensign of the Kingdom of Greece
Name: Sachtouris
Acquired: 1943
Out of service: September 1951
General characteristics
Class & type: Flower-class corvette
Displacement: 940 tons
Length: 205 ft (62 m)
Beam: 33 ft (10 m)
Draught: 11 ft 6 in (3.51 m)
Propulsion:
Speed: 16 knots (30 km/h) at 2,750 hp (2,050 kW)
Range: 3,500 nautical miles at 12 knots (6,500 km at 22 km/h)
Complement: 85
Armament:

1 × BL 4-inch (101.6 mm) Mk IX gun
2 × 0.50-inch twin machine guns
2 × 0.303-inch Lewis machine guns

2 × stern depth charge racks with 40 depth charges

HMS Peony was a Flower-class corvette of the Royal Navy. In 1943 she was transferred to the Royal Hellenic Navy as ΒΠ Σαχτούρης ("BP Sachtouris"), serving throughout World War II and the Greek Civil War. She was returned to the Royal Navy in 1951 and scrapped in April 1952.

Royal Navy[edit]

Throughout her Royal Navy career Peony escorted convoys: primarily in home waters, but sometimes in the Mediterranean Sea and to Freetown in Sierra Leone.

From late 1940 to early 1941 she was part of the 10th Corvette Group, Mediterranean Fleet based at Alexandria, with which she escorted numerous convoys to Malta. In February 1941 she was equipped for minesweeping as not enough minesweepers were available. In July 1941 she helped to transport troops to Cyprus. She undertook anti-submarine operations off Cyprus in the following months. Along with the Australian destroyer HMAS Vendetta, three corvettes and two anti-submarine aircraft she attacked a U-boat on 8 October 1941 with, but the U-boat escaped.

In December 1941 while escorting Mediterranean convoy AT-6 from Alexandria to Tobruk, the German submarine U-559 torpedoed the Polish steamer Warszawa and attacked Peony. Peony took Warszawa in tow until another torpedo from the U-boat sank the steamship with the loss of 23 men. Peony and HMS Avon Vale rescued the survivors.

In the small hours of 24 December 1941 U-568 torpedoed and sank a Flower-class sister ship, HMS Salvia, about 100 nautical miles (190 km) west of Alexandria.[2] Salvia was carrying not only her own complement but also about 100 survivors from SS Shuntien, which U-559 had sunk a few hours earlier.[2] Peony went to Salvia '​s rescue but found no survivors: only a patch of oil.[2]

Royal Hellenic Navy[edit]

In 1943 Peony was transferred to the Royal Hellenic Navy, which renamed her ΒΠ Σαχτούρης (Greek: BP Sachtouris) after Georgios Sachtouris, an admiral in the Greek War of Independence. She was the first ship to bear this name, the second being the Gearing-class destroyer USS Arnold J. Isbell.[Note 1]

She served the remainder of the Second World War under the Greek flag. She also served in the Greek Civil War that broke out after the end of the Second World War.

In 1947 the United States in what became known as the Truman Doctrine declared its support the Greek government in its war against Communist guerrillas. In the early 1950s the Mutual Defense Assistance Act started the transfer of American ships to Greece. Four Cannon-class destroyer escorts entered Greek service and so the old British Flower-class corvettes were superseded.

Fate[edit]

Sachtouris was returned to the Royal Navy in September 1951 and scrapped on 21 April 1952.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The corvette was the second HMS Peony to be transferred to the Hellenic Navy. The first was a seaplane tender, which was captured by the Germans in 1941 and was still afloat when this ship was transferred, but sank after hitting a mine in the same year.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b McCluskie, Tom (2013). The Rise and Fall of Harland and Wolff. Stroud: The History Press. p. 148. ISBN 9780752488615. 
  2. ^ a b c Helgason, Guðmundur (1995–2013). "HMS Salvia (K97)". uboat.net: Ships hit by U-boats. Guðmundur Helgason. Retrieved 25 April 2013. 
  3. ^ "Steel sloops". The Leander Project. Retrieved 17 July 2011. 

Sources[edit]