HMS Plymouth (F126)

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For other ships of the same name, see HMS Plymouth.
HMS Plymouth underway.jpg
Career (UK) Royal Navy Ensign
Name: HMS Plymouth
Builder: Devonport Dockyard
Laid down: 1 July 1958
Launched: 20 July 1959
Commissioned: 11 May 1961
Decommissioned: 28 April 1988
Identification: Pennant number: F126
Status: Awaiting demolition
General characteristics
Class & type: Rothesay-class frigate
Displacement: 2,150 tons standard
2,560 tons full load
Length: 370 ft (110 m)
Beam: 41 ft (12 m)
Draught: 17.3 ft (5.3 m)
Installed power: 30,000 shp (22,000 kW)
Propulsion: Y-100 plant
Two Babcock and Wilcox boilers
Two English Electric steam turbines
Two shafts
Speed: 30 knots (56 km/h)
Range: 400 tons oil fuel, 5,200 nautical miles (9,600 km) at 12 knots (22 km/h)
Complement: 152, later 225, modified to 235[citation needed]
Sensors and
processing systems:

Electronics (as built):

  • Radar Type 293Q target indication
  • Radar Type 277Q height finding
  • Radar Type 275 fire control on director Mark 6M
  • Radar Type 974 navigation
  • Type 1010 Cossor Mark 10 IFF
  • Sonar Type 174 search
  • Sonar Type 162 target classification
  • Sonar Type 170 attack

Electronics (as modified):

  • Radar Type 993 target indication
  • Radar Type 903 fire control on director MRS3
  • Radar Type 978 navigation
  • Type 1010 Cossor Mark 10 IFF
  • Sonar Type 177 search
  • Sonar Type 162 target classification
  • Sonar Type 170 attack
Armament:

Armament (as built):

  • 1 x twin 4.5in gun Mark 6
  • 1 x 40 mm Bofors gun Mark 7
  • 2 x Limbo A/S mortar Mark 10
  • 12 x 21-in A/S torpedo tubes (removed or never shipped)

Armament (as modified):

  • 1 x twin 4.5in gun Mark 6
  • 1 x Sea Cat GWS-20 SAM
  • 2 x 20 mm Oerlikon guns
  • 1 x Limbo A/S mortar Mark 10
  • 2 x 8-barrel 3in Knebworth/Corvus countermeasures launchers
Aircraft carried: Wasp helicopter

HMS Plymouth was a Royal Navy Rothesay-class frigate. Named after the English city of Plymouth, she was commissioned in 1959. The Plymouth was one of 12 ships built in the new Rothesay class; which began replacing the ageing Whitby (Type 12s) in the mid 1950s. During active service in the Cold War, the ship was sent to the Far East and Australia where she was the lead vessel in several squadrons. In 1982, Plymouth was one of the first Royal Navy ships to arrive in the South Atlantic during the Falklands War. She was decommissioned in 1988.

After the warship was paid off, the Plymouth was set aside as a preserved vessel. Throughout the 1990s she was opened to the public at various ports throughout the United Kingdom. The final mooring was at Birkenhead where she became the undertaking of Peel Holdings. A preservation society - established to save the Plymouth - accused the company of deliberately allowing the ship's condition to deteriorate. Despite several attempts to raise money to turn the former warship into a museum ship, Peel Ports sold the Plymouth for scrap. She was towed to Turkey for dismantling on 20 August 2014.

History[edit]

Plymouth was built at the Devonport Dockyard, in her namesake city of Plymouth. She was launched by Viscountess Astor on 20 July 1959.

Cold War[edit]

Plymouth served between 1963 and 1964 as the leader of the 22nd Escort Squadron and leader of the 29th Escort Squadron from 1964 to 1966 in Singapore and Australia.[1]

In 1970 Plymouth took part in the Cook Bicentennial celebrations held in Sydney Harbour. After a spell inside a floating dock in Singapore, to clean and repaint its hull, the ship sailed across the Indian Ocean for a six-week stint on the Beira Patrol.

Back in the UK, the Plymouth visited various ports around the country including Stornoway and Middlesbrough as part of a Royal Navy recruitment drive.

In 1977 the ship - as part of the 8th Frigade Squadron - attended the Fleet Review off Spithead for the Queen's Silver Jubilee.[2] She saw action in the Cod Wars between the United Kingdom and Iceland and also the Falklands War in 1982.

Falklands War[edit]

Plymouth was one of the first Royal Navy ships to arrive in the South Atlantic following the Argentine invasion of the Falkland Islands and South Georgia. She, alongside Antrim, Brilliant and Endurance took part in the recapturing of South Georgia on 28 April during Operation Paraquet. Plymouth landed Royal Marines from her Westland Wasp helicopters and bombarded Argentine troop positions on the island. Her Wasp helicopter later took part in an attack on the Argentinian submarine Santa Fe, which was badly damaged and later captured by Royal Marines.

Plymouth rejoined the task force and supported troops on the ground by bombarding Argentine troop positions with her 4.5-inch (114 mm) guns.

On 8 June, Plymouth was attacked by IAI Nesher fighter bombers of FAA Grupo 6 of the Argentine Air Force. Plymouth was hit by four bombs and several cannon shells. One bomb hit the flight deck, detonating a depth charge and starting a fire, one went straight through her funnel and two more destroyed her Limbo anti-submarine mortar.[3] MEM's John Fearon, David Rance, Gary Borthwick, Robin Cunningham, Alan Harsent, Ray Potts and Kevin Gallagher were part of the damage control and fire fighting teams crucial to saving the ship. All of the bombs failed to explode. Five men were injured in the attack.

Plymouth's wardroom was where the surrender of Argentine Forces in South Georgia was signed by Lieutenant commander Alfredo Astiz.[citation needed] The ship returned to Rosyth Dockyard after the war for full repair and a refit.

Final years & preservation[edit]

The following year, Plymouth served as the West Indies guard ship. On 11 April 1984, she was involved in a collision with the German Köln-class frigate Braunschweig. In 1986 she suffered a boiler room fire, killing two sailors.

After the ship, which was the last Type 12 in service, was paid off on 28 April 1988, it was acquired by the Warship Preservation Trust. In 1990 she was towed to Glasgow and placed on permanent display at a berth on the River Clyde. In the late 1990s, she was relocated to the Great Float - within Birkenhead Docks - for display alongside other preserved ships and submarines.

Scrapping controversy[edit]

On 6 February 2006 the Warship Preservation Trust closed citing financial difficulties. Plymouth became the property of the Mersey Docks and Harbour Company following the demise of the trust.[4] Plymouth City Council expressed an interest in the ship; a campaign group called the HMS Plymouth Preservation Trust attempted to raise £250,000 to bring the warship back to her home city.[5][6] However the attempt to bring the Type 12 frigate back to Plymouth's Millbay Docks failed after the Associated British Ports withdrew the offer of a berth in January 2007.[7] An online petition then called on the UK government to provide a berth for the ship, but it was announced in 2012 that she has been sold for scrapping.[8]

In January 2014 campaigners continued to dispute Peel Ports - which owns Mersey Docks - that it had ownership rights to the Plymouth.[9][10] The action group accused Peel of allowing the condition of the Plymouth to worsen in order to make any attempt to move/preserve her appear infeasible.[11] The ship was towed from Vittoria dock, Birkenhead, by the tug Amber II, on 20 August 2014 [12] to be scrapped in Turkey.[13]

Commanding Officers[edit]

From To Captain
1963 1963 Captain Edward L Cook RN [1]
1963 1964 Captain Derrick G Kent RN [1]
1964 1966 Captain Thomas E Fanshawe DSC RN [1]
1970 197? Commander Michael Livesay RN
1977 1977 Commander K H Day OBE RN
19?? 19?? Captain D Pentreath CBE DSO RN
1985 1985 Commander Anthony Dymock RN

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Royal Navy Senior Appointments, Colin Mackie
  2. ^ Official Souvenir Programme, 1977. Silver Jubilee Fleet Review, HMSO
  3. ^ The Royal Navy and the Falklands War|1987|David Brown|Leo Cooper|pp. 297-300
  4. ^ E-petition: government response, 10 Downing Street, 1 June 2007, retrieved 12 August 2007 
  5. ^ Future of warships in the balance, BBC News, 18 January 2006, retrieved 19 January 2006 
  6. ^ Campaign to save veteran warship, BBC, 15 September 2006, retrieved 9 March 2008 
  7. ^ Warship's berth offer withdrawn, BBC News, 22 January 2007, retrieved 9 June 2008 
  8. ^ Hundreds sign up to save warship, BBC News, 19 March 2007, retrieved 19 March 2007 
  9. ^ Liz Hull (14 June 2012), A sad farewell to HMS Plymouth, Mail Online 
  10. ^ Plymouth Trust (September 2013), THE FIGHT FOR HMS PLYMOUTH GOES TO PARLIAMENT, Plymouth Trust 
  11. ^ Plymouth Trust (29 September 2013), PEEL PORTS DELIBERATE NEGLECT AND DAMAGE OF HMS PLYMOUTH, Plymouth Trust 
  12. ^ "The ocean-going tug Amber II entering the Mersey from Alfred Locks, Birkenhead while towing HMS Plymouth on her scrap voyage to Turkey.". www.shipspotting.com. Aug 20, 2014. 
  13. ^ Plymouth Herald (20 August 2014), HMS Plymouth is finally towed away to be scrapped, Plymouth Herald 

Bibliography[edit]