HMS Primrose (1807)
|Ordered:||21 January 1806|
|Builder:||Thomas Nickells, Fowey|
|Launched:||5 August 1807|
|Fate:||Wrecked, 22 January 1809|
|Class & type:||Cruizer-class brig-sloop|
|Tons burthen:||384 tons bm|
|Length:||100 ft 6 in (30.63 m)|
|Beam:||30 ft 6 in (9.30 m)|
|Armament:||16 × 32-pounder carronades + 2 × 6-pounder bow guns|
HMS Primrose (1807) was a Royal Navy Cruizer-class brig-sloop built by Thomas Nickells (or Nicholls), at Fowey and launched in 1807. She was commissioned in November 1807 under Commander James Mein, who sailed her to the coast of Spain on 3 February 1808.
On 14 May 1808 Primrose was in the Tagus with the 14-gun brig Rapid. They saw and chased two merchant feluccas that took shelter under the protection of a shore battery. On 18 May the British decided to try to cut the feluccas out nonetheless, with Rapid leading the way. However, fire from the battery struck Rapid, opening two holes in her bow so that she filled quickly with water. Still, that evening Primrose was able to save Rapid's entire crew.
In January 1809 Primrose sailed for Spain with a convoy. During a snowstorm she ran aground at 5am on 22 January on Mistrel Rock, The Manacles, a mile offshore, and was wrecked. (The Manacles are a set of treacherous rocks off The Lizard, close to the shipping lane into Falmouth, Cornwall.) The sole survivor was a drummer boy. Lieut. J. Withers of the Manacles Signal Post prevailed on six local men to try to rescue survivors. For their efforts, albeit unsuccessful, the Admiralty directed that the volunteers each receive an award of 10 guineas from the Naval authorities at Falmouth.
On the same night another vessel was also wrecked, nearby on Black Head, a few miles to the south. She was the transport Dispatch, homeward-bound from Corunna, with a detachment of the 7th Hussars, who had been fighting with Sir John Moore. The Hussars lost 104 men in the wrecking. Only seven men from Dispatch were saved.
- Colledge, p. 84.
- Winfield (2008), p.296.
- "NMM, vessel ID 373717". Warship Histories, vol iii. National Maritime Museum. Retrieved 30 July 2011.
- Hepper (1994), p.123.
- Grocott (1997), p.258.
- Hepper (1994), p.128.
- Gossett (1986), p.70.
- Quiller-Couch (2009), pp.1-9.
- Lockett, Graham. "Dispatch (+1809)". wrecksite. Retrieved 12 May 2012.
- McGuane (2002), p. 144.
- Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2006) . Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8. OCLC 67375475.
- Gossett, William Patrick (1986) The lost ships of the Royal Navy, 1793-1900. (London:Mansell). ISBN 0-7201-1816-6
- Grocott, Terence (1997). Shipwrecks of the revolutionary and Napoleonic eras. Chatham. ISBN 1-86176-030-2.
- Hepper, David J. (1994) British Warship Losses in the Age of Sail, 1650-1859. (Rotherfield: Jean Boudriot). ISBN 0-948864-30-3
- McGuane, James P. (2002) Heart of oak: a sailor's life in Nelson's navy. (New York: Norton). ISBN 978-0-393-04749-3
- Quiller-Couch, Arthur Thomas (e-release 4 January 2008) The Roll-Call of The Reef. (Dodo Press). ISBN 978-1-4065-6834-9 (story based on the wreck of the Primrose)
- Winfield, Rif (2008). British Warships in the Age of Sail 1793–1817: Design, Construction, Careers and Fates. Seaforth. ISBN 1-86176-246-1.