HMS Princess Irene

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For other ships of the same name, see SS Princess Irene.
HMS Princess Irene.jpg
HMS Princess Irene
Career (United Kingdom) Royal Navy Ensign
Name: Princess Irene
Owner: Canadian Pacific Railway (1914-15)
Royal Navy (1915)
Operator: Royal Navy
Port of registry: Canada Victoria (1914-15)
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Royal Navy (1915)
Builder: William Denny and Brothers Ltd
Yard number: 1006
Launched: 20 October 1914
Out of service: 27 May 1915
Fate: Exploded and sank
General characteristics
Class & type: Ocean liner (1914-15)
Auxiliary minelayer (1915)
Tonnage: 5,394 GRT
Length: 395 ft (120 m)
Beam: 54 ft (16 m)
Draught: 17 ft (5.2 m)
Installed power: 4 steam turbines
Speed: 22.5 knots (41.7 km/h)
Crew: 225
Notes: Sister ship Princess Margaret
HMS Princess Irene is located in Kent
HMS Princess Irene
Location where Princess Irene exploded.

HMS Princess Irene was a 5,394 GRT ocean liner which was built in 1914 by William Denny and Brothers Ltd, Dumbarton, Scotland for the Canadian Pacific Railway. She was requisitioned by the Royal Navy on completion and converted to an auxiliary minelayer. On 27 May 1915, she exploded and sank off Sheerness, Kent with the loss of 352 lives.

Description[edit]

Princess Irene was 395 feet (120 m) long. She had a beam of 54 feet (16 m) and a draught of 17 feet (5.2 m). She was propelled by four steam turbines which were built by Denny's and could propel the ship at 22.5 knots (41.7 km/h).[1]

History[edit]

Princess Irene was built by William Denny and Brothers Ltd, Dumbarton for the Canadian Pacific Railway. She was launched on 20 October 1914.[1] With her sister ship Princess Margaret, she was built to serve on the Vancouver - Victoria - Seattle route.[2] Her port of registry was Victoria.[3] Princess Irene was requisitioned by the Royal Navy on completion and converted to an auxiliary minelayer.[4] She had a complement of 225 officers and men.[2]

Loss[edit]

In May 1915, Princess Irene was moored in Saltpan Reach, on the Medway Estuary in Kent between Port Victoria and Sheerness, being loaded with mines in preparation for deployment on a minelaying mission. At 11:14 GMT on 27 May, Princess Irene exploded and disintegrated. A column of flame 300 feet (91 m) high was followed a few seconds later by another of similar height and a pall of smoke hung over the spot where Princess Irene had been,[5] reaching to 1,200 feet (370 m).[6] Two barges laying alongside her were also destroyed.[3] The explosion was larger than that which had destroyed HMS Bulwark six months earlier, although the loss of life was less. A total of 352 people were killed,[4] including 273 officers and men, and 76 dockyard workers who were on board Princess Irene. On the Isle of Grain a girl of nine was killed by flying débris, and a farmhand died of shock.[4] A collier half a mile (800 m) away had its crane blown off its mountings. A part of one of Princess Irene's boilers landed on the ship; a man working on the ship died from injuries sustained when he was struck by a piece of metal weighing 70 pounds (32 kg).[4][5][7][8]

Wreckage was flung up to 20 miles (32 km) away, with people near Sittingbourne being injured by flying débris,[3] some of which landed in Bredhurst.[2] Severed heads were found at Hartlip and on the Isle of Grain. A case of butter landed at Rainham, 6 miles (9.7 km) away.[6] A 10 ton (10,160 kg) section of the ship landed on the Isle of Grain. The Admiralty's oil storage tanks there were damaged. The sole survivor from Princes Irene was a stoker, who suffered severe burns.[4] Three of her crew had a lucky escape as they were ashore at the time.[9]

The victims whose bodies were recovered were buried at Woodlands Road Cemetery, Gillingham.[2] A memorial service for the victims was held at the Dockyard Church, Sheerness on 1 June 1915. It was led by Randall Davidson, the Archbishop of Canterbury.[10] Inquests were held on two victims of the disaster.[8] The coroner stated that he did not intend to hold an inquest for any other victim unless there were exceptional circumstances that warranted it.[11]

A Court of Inquiry was held into the loss of Princess Irene. Evidence was given that priming of the mines was being carried out hurriedly and by untrained personnel. A faulty primer was blamed for the explosion.[2] Following the loss of HMS Natal on 30 December 1915 and HMS Vanguard on 9 July 1917, both caused by internal explosions, suspicion was raised at the inquiry into the loss of Natal that sabotage was to blame for the loss of all four ships. A worker at Chatham Dockyard was named as a suspect. A thorough investigation by Special Branch cleared him of any blame.[6]

Memorials[edit]

The Naval War Memorial, Southsea, on which victims from Princess Irene are commemorated.

A memorial to those lost on Bulwark and Princess Irene was erected at the Dockyard Church, Sheerness in 1921. It was dedicated by Archdeacon Ingles, the Chaplain of the Fleet.[12] It was unveiled by Hugh Evan-Thomas, Commander-in-Chief, The Nore.[13] Victims of both ships are also commemorated on the Naval War Memorial at Southsea.[14]

Another memorial was placed in Woodlands Road Cemetery, Gillingham, as part of the Naval Burial Ground.[15]

Media coverage[edit]

On 19 November 2002, the story of Princess Irene was covered by BBC Radio Four's Making History programme.[16] The remains of Princess Irene are a hazard to ships using Thamesport, but it is not planned to raise her.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Launched 1914: TS PRINCESS IRENE". Clydesite. Retrieved 21 May 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Loss of HMS Princess Irene". Great War Primary Document Archive. Retrieved 21 May 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c "Complete destruction" The Times (London). Friday, 28 May 1915. (40866), col 3, p. 8.
  4. ^ a b c d e Ingleton 2010, p. 50.
  5. ^ a b "Flames 300 feet high" The Times (London). Friday, 28 May 1915. (40866), col E, p. 8.
  6. ^ a b c Ingleton 2010, p. 51.
  7. ^ "The Princess Irene" The Times (London). Saturday, 29 May 1915. (40867), col F, p. 3.
  8. ^ a b "Princess Irene disaster" The Times (London). Tuesday, 1 June 1915. (40869), col F, p. 5.
  9. ^ "Princess Irene blown up" The Times (London). Friday, 28 May 1915. (40866), col E, p. 8.
  10. ^ "The Princess Irene" The Times (London). Monday, 31 May 1915. (40868), col B, p. 3.
  11. ^ "Loss of the Princess Irene" The Times (London). Tuesday, 15 June 1915. (40881), col B, p. 8.
  12. ^ "Memorials at Sheerness" The Times (London). Friday, 27 May 1921. (42731), col C, p. 18.
  13. ^ "Bulwark and Princess Irene" The Times (London). Saturday, 28 May 1921. (42732), col B, p. 7.
  14. ^ "Portsmouth Naval War Memorial" The Times (London). Tuesday, 14 October 1924. (43782), col C, p. 19.
  15. ^ "HMS Bulwark and HMS Irene War Memorial, Woodlands Road Cemetery". www.geograph.org.uk. Retrieved 13 February 2013. 
  16. ^ "MAKING HISTORY". BBC Radio Four. Retrieved 21 May 2011. 

Sources[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Hendy, John (2001). Blown to Eternity! The Princess Irene Story. Ramsey: Ferry Publications. ISBN 1-871947-61-8. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°25′47″N 0°41′37″E / 51.42972°N 0.69361°E / 51.42972; 0.69361